How to format your references using the Foundations of Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foundations of Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchanan, M.: The best is yet to come. Nature. 447, 39 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Tatar, M., Rand, D.M.: Aging. Dietary advice on Q. Science. 295, 54–55 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Godfrey, D.I., Pellicci, D.G., Smyth, M.J.: Immunology. The elusive NKT cell antigen--is the search over? Science. 306, 1687–1689 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Anderson, J.S., Reisz, R.R., Scott, D., Fröbisch, N.B., Sumida, S.S.: A stem batrachian from the Early Permian of Texas and the origin of frogs and salamanders. Nature. 453, 515–518 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanoyevitch, A.: Introduction to Numerical Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations Using MATLAB®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2004)
An edited book
Nagy, L., Forsberg, B.R., Artaxo, P. eds: Interactions Between Biosphere, Atmosphere and Human Land Use in the Amazon Basin. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Hug, D., Reitzner, M.: Introduction to Stochastic Geometry. In: Peccati, G. and Reitzner, M. (eds.) Stochastic Analysis for Poisson Point Processes: Malliavin Calculus, Wiener-Itô Chaos Expansions and Stochastic Geometry. pp. 145–184. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foundations of Chemistry.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Has The Mystery Of Comet 67P’s Oxygen Just Been Explained?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: School-Meals Programs: USDA Has Enhanced Controls, but Additional Verification Could Help Ensure Legitimate Program Access. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horning, C.L.: Kinesthetic learning in algebra and its effects on students’ achievement and disposition toward mathemathics, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: Submarine’s Namesake City Hurts As Minute After Minute Ticks Away, (2000)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buchanan 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Buchanan 2007; Tatar and Rand 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tatar and Rand 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Anderson et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFoundations of Chemistry
AbbreviationFound. Chem.
ISSN (print)1386-4238
ISSN (online)1572-8463
General Chemistry

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