How to format your references using the Foundations of Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foundations of Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ellsworth, W.L.: Injection-induced earthquakes. Science. 341, 1225942 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Han, Y., Grier, D.G.: Fluid dynamics: Vortex rings in a constant electric field. Nature. 424, 267–268 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Amari, T., Canou, A., Aly, J.-J.: Characterizing and predicting the magnetic environment leading to solar eruptions. Nature. 514, 465–469 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gnatt, A.L., Cramer, P., Fu, J., Bushnell, D.A., Kornberg, R.D.: Structural basis of transcription: an RNA polymerase II elongation complex at 3.3 A resolution. Science. 292, 1876–1882 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg, M.A., Segelnick, S.L., Insler, J.S., Kramer, S.: The Dentist’s Quick Guide to Medical Conditions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Penta, M.: Analisi di Rasch e questionari di misura: Applicazioni in medicina e scienze sociali. Springer, Milano (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Rondina, M.T., Schwertz, H.: Morphogenesis of Platelets in the Circulation. In: Schulze, H. and Italiano, J. (eds.) Molecular and Cellular Biology of Platelet Formation: Implications in Health and Disease. pp. 115–129. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foundations of Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Check Out These Pumpkins Exploding, Spewing Molten Iron And Levitating,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Surface Transportation: Issues Associated With Pipeline Regulation by the Surface Transportation Board. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayner, S.W.: Transformational leadership and organizational change during agile and devops initiatives, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Watching Argentina Up Close, Hoping to Learn Something, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ellsworth 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Ellsworth 2013; Han and Grier 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Han and Grier 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gnatt et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFoundations of Chemistry
AbbreviationFound. Chem.
ISSN (print)1386-4238
ISSN (online)1572-8463
General Chemistry

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