How to format your references using the Foundations of Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foundations of Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Voorhees, P.W.: Materials science. Step dances on silicon. Science. 313, 1247–1249 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Chopra, H.D., Wuttig, M.: Non-Joulian magnetostriction. Nature. 521, 340–343 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Chaudhuri, J., Khuong, C., Alt, F.W.: Replication protein A interacts with AID to promote deamination of somatic hypermutation targets. Nature. 430, 992–998 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
von Mering, C., Hugenholtz, P., Raes, J., Tringe, S.G., Doerks, T., Jensen, L.J., Ward, N., Bork, P.: Quantitative phylogenetic assessment of microbial communities in diverse environments. Science. 315, 1126–1130 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sexton, D.: Trump University Marketing 101. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2009)
An edited book
Cazals, F., Kornprobst, P. eds: Modeling in Computational Biology and Biomedicine: A Multidisciplinary Endeavor. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Schrenk, P., Hall-Findlay, E.J., Fitzal, F., Grisotti, A., Casella, D., Calabrese, C., Rageth, C., Schöndorf, N.K., Rainsbury, R.M., Huemer, G.M.: OPS and Breast Conserving Surgery (BSC). In: Fitzal, F. and Schrenk, P. (eds.) Oncoplastic Breast Surgery: A Guide to Clinical Practice. pp. 45–132. Springer, Vienna (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foundations of Chemistry.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Earliest Evidence Of Human Impact On Geological Processes Is 11,500 Years Old,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NASA’s Clipperton Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aparicio, E.M.: Examining Latina/o STEM degree aspirations, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J.: The President’s Prime Time, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Voorhees 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chopra and Wuttig 2015; Voorhees 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chopra and Wuttig 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (von Mering et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFoundations of Chemistry
AbbreviationFound. Chem.
ISSN (print)1386-4238
ISSN (online)1572-8463
General Chemistry

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