How to format your references using the Foundations of Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Foundations of Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hayes, J.M.: Geochemistry. The pathway of carbon in nature. Science. 312, 1605–1606 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lescai, F., Quarta, M.: Young scientist: Italian biotechnologists organize. Nature. 425, 644 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Barry, L., Craig, G.C., Thuburn, J.: Poleward heat transport by the atmospheric heat engine. Nature. 415, 774–777 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, S.H., Fu, K.K., Hui, J.N., Richman, J.M.: Noggin and retinoic acid transform the identity of avian facial prominences. Nature. 414, 909–912 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartlett, K.: The Experience of History. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2016)
An edited book
Noah, S.A., Abdullah, A., Arshad, H., Abu Bakar, A., Othman, Z.A., Sahran, S., Omar, N., Othman, Z. eds: Soft Computing Applications and Intelligent Systems: Second International Multi-Conference on Artificial Intelligence Technology, M-CAIT 2013, Shah Alam, August 28-29, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Calvo, H.L., Pastawski, H.M., Jalabert, R.A.: Time-Reversal Mirrors In Chaotic Cavities. In: Casati, G. and Matrasulov, D. (eds.) Complex Phenomena in Nanoscale Systems. pp. 37–49. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Foundations of Chemistry.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Light Concentrations Make Some Plants Change Sex,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: Improvements for Acquisition of Customs Trade Processing System Continue, but Further Efforts Needed to Avoid More Cost and Schedule Shortfalls. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2007)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, G.: Undocumented students in higher education: A grant project, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles, D., de la MERCED, M.J.: Torch Passes At Carlyle As a Titan Steps Aside, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hayes 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hayes 2006; Lescai and Quarta 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lescai and Quarta 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFoundations of Chemistry
AbbreviationFound. Chem.
ISSN (print)1386-4238
ISSN (online)1572-8463
General Chemistry

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