How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cowburn, R. P. (2006). Applied physics. Where have all the transistors gone? Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5758), 183–184.
A journal article with 2 authors
Irwing, P., & Lynn, R. (2006). Intelligence: is there a sex difference in IQ scores? Nature, 442(7098), E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, T., Satoh, T., & Kato, K. (2014). Structural insight into substrate recognition by the endoplasmic reticulum folding-sensor enzyme: crystal structure of third thioredoxin-like domain of UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase. Scientific Reports, 4, 7322.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ahn, B. Y., Duoss, E. B., Motala, M. J., Guo, X., Park, S.-I., Xiong, Y., Yoon, J., Nuzzo, R. G., Rogers, J. A., & Lewis, J. A. (2009). Omnidirectional printing of flexible, stretchable, and spanning silver microelectrodes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5921), 1590–1593.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garber, R. (2014). BIM Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sampaio, P., & Saraiva, P. (Eds.). (2016). Quality in the 21st Century: Perspectives from ASQ Feigenbaum Medal Winners. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Borst, J. G. G., & Rusu, S. I. (2012). The Calyx of Held Synapse. In L. O. Trussell, A. N. Popper, & R. R. Fay (Eds.), Synaptic Mechanisms in the Auditory System (pp. 95–134). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research and Technology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, July 5). Which Feels Cooler, Red or Blue? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Purchases of Degrees from Diploma Mills (GAO-03-269R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moss, K. A. (2017). The Development and Diffusion of the Cult of Isis in the Hellenistic Period [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, June 13). JUSTICES, 5-4, BACK DETAINEE APPEALS FOR GUANTÁNAMO. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cowburn, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Cowburn, 2006; Irwing & Lynn, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Irwing & Lynn, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Zhu et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ahn et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Technol.
ISSN (print)1665-6423
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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