How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sabadini, R. (2002). Paleoclimate. Ice sheet collapse and sea level change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5564), 2376–2377.
A journal article with 2 authors
Geballe, T. R., & Oka, T. (2006). Astronomy. A key molecular ion in the universe and in the laboratory. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5780), 1610–1612.
A journal article with 3 authors
West, S. A., Pen, I., & Griffin, A. S. (2002). Cooperation and competition between relatives. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5565), 72–75.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, K. C., Yang, Y. W., Liu, B., Sanyal, A., Corces-Zimmerman, R., Chen, Y., Lajoie, B. R., Protacio, A., Flynn, R. A., Gupta, R. A., Wysocka, J., Lei, M., Dekker, J., Helms, J. A., & Chang, H. Y. (2011). A long noncoding RNA maintains active chromatin to coordinate homeotic gene expression. Nature, 472(7341), 120–124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Albright, R. D. (2013). Death of the Chesapeake. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sawant, N. (2013). Big Data Application Architecture Q & A: A Problem-Solution Approach (H. Shah, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Leimanis, M. L. (2016). An Exploration of Latvian Immigrants’ Cancer Experience and Implications for Supportive Interventions. In T. R. Fitzpatrick (Ed.), Treating Vulnerable Populations of Cancer Survivors: A Biopsychosocial Approach (pp. 37–54). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research and Technology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, June 24). Scales, Feathers, and Hair All Evolved From A Common Ancestor. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Hospital ADP Systems: VA Needs To Better Manage Its Decentralized System Before Expansion (IMTEC-87-28). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fonfa, S. L. (2008). The impact of increased security on the employment options and lives of people with severe disabilities [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yee, V. (2014, January 7). Rumors Fly Among Hasidim About Abducted Man’s Death. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sabadini, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Geballe & Oka, 2006; Sabadini, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Geballe & Oka, 2006)
  • Three authors: (West et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Technol.
ISSN (print)1665-6423
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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