How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Faigman, D. L. (2002). Science and the law. Is science different for lawyers? Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5580), 339–340.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tallis, H., & Lubchenco, J. (2014). Working together: A call for inclusive conservation. Nature, 515(7525), 27–28.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blomster, J. P., Neff, H., & Glascock, M. D. (2005). Olmec pottery production and export in ancient Mexico determined through elemental analysis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712), 1068–1072.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Walsh, D. M., Klyubin, I., Fadeeva, J. V., Cullen, W. K., Anwyl, R., Wolfe, M. S., Rowan, M. J., & Selkoe, D. J. (2002). Naturally secreted oligomers of amyloid beta protein potently inhibit hippocampal long-term potentiation in vivo. Nature, 416(6880), 535–539.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goshtasby, A. A. (2017). Theory and Applications of Image Registration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Günergun, F., & Raina, D. (Eds.). (2011). Science between Europe and Asia: Historical Studies on the Transmission, Adoption and Adaptation of Knowledge (Vol. 275). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
van den Berg, B., & Leenes, R. E. (2013). Abort, Retry, Fail: Scoping Techno-Regulation and Other Techno-Effects. In M. Hildebrandt & J. Gaakeer (Eds.), Human Law and Computer Law: Comparative Perspectives (pp. 67–87). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research and Technology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, July 31). Octomom Brooded Her Eggs for Record-Breaking Four-and-a-Half Years. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects (GAO-13-276SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehta, V. (2009). Sparta in the Enlightenment [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D. (2017, September 18). Trump, Inspired by France, Wants to Show Off Military Might With a July 4 Parade. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Faigman, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Faigman, 2002; Tallis & Lubchenco, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tallis & Lubchenco, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Blomster et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Walsh et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Technol.
ISSN (print)1665-6423
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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