How to format your references using the Pediatric Surgery International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Surgery International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Eisenstein M (2015) Medical marijuana: Showdown at the cannabis corral. Nature 525:S15-7
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gittis AH, Brasier DJ (2015) NEUROSCIENCE. Astrocytes tell neurons when to listen up. Science 349:690–691
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Weil D, Graham M, Fung A (2013) Science and regulation. Targeting transparency. Science 340:1410–1411
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Tsong AE, Tuch BB, Li H, Johnson AD (2006) Evolution of alternative transcriptional circuits with identical logic. Nature 443:415–420

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gavin H, Porter T (2014) Female Aggression. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Iliopoulos CS, Smyth WF (2011) Combinatorial Algorithms: 21st International Workshop, IWOCA 2010, London, UK, July 26-28, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rémillard B, Hocquard A, Langlois H, Papageorgiou N (2012) Optimal Hedging of American Options in Discrete Time. In: Carmona RA, Del Moral P, Hu P, Oudjane N (eds) Numerical Methods in Finance: Bordeaux, June 2010. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 145–170

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Surgery International.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2015) Baboons Hang With Those Like Them. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/baboons-hang-those-them/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2004) Tax Policy: Historical Tax Treatment of INTELSAT and Current Tax Rules for Satellite Corporations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Domina NV (2009) Gender and culture influences on leadership perceptions. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M, Belson K (2012) Open Is Drawing Record Crowds, but Fans Are Feeling the Squeeze. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Surgery International
AbbreviationPediatr. Surg. Int.
ISSN (print)0179-0358
ISSN (online)1437-9813
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Surgery

Other styles