How to format your references using the Pediatric Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Garde S. Physical chemistry: Hydrophobic interactions in context. Nature. 2015;517:277–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tsuji K, Tsutani K. Follow the leader. Nature. 2008;453:851–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Scarf D, Hayne H, Colombo M. Pigeons on par with primates in numerical competence. Science. 2011;334:1664.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kapranov P, Ozsolak F, Kim SW, Foissac S, Lipson D, Hart C, et al. New class of gene-termini-associated human RNAs suggests a novel RNA copying mechanism. Nature. 2010;466:642–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jaitly R. Practical Operational Due Diligence on Hedge Funds. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Zhang W, editor. Advanced Technology in Teaching: Selected papers from the 2012 International Conference on Teaching and Computational Science (ICTCS 2012). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zwettler G, Track P, Waschaurek F, Woschitz R, Hagmann E, Hinterholzer S. Towards a Normalized Reference System in Building Construction Planning for Automated Quantitative Assessment and Optimization of Energy and Cost Efficiency. In: Liñán Reyes M, Flores Arias JM, González de la Rosa JJ, Langer J, Bellido Outeiriño FJ, Moreno-Munñoz A, editors. IT Revolutions: Third International ICST Conference, Córdoba, Spain, March 23-25, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 39–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Rheumatology.

Blog post
1. Hale T. 23andMe Will Resume Giving Health Data In The US. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Homeland Security Information Network Needs to Be Better Coordinated with Key State and Local Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 May. Report No.: GAO-07-822T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gilman DG. Comparative analysis of corporate culture in a multinational organization [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. Popular Tech Gathering Faces Growing Pains. New York Times. 2014 Mar 2;A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Rheumatology
AbbreviationPediatr. Rheumatol. Online J.
ISSN (online)1546-0096
ScopeImmunology and Allergy
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Rheumatology

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