How to format your references using the Pediatric Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Jayaraman KS. Break with tradition. Nature. 2006;442:342–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stephens DJ, Allan VJ. Light microscopy techniques for live cell imaging. Science. 2003;300:82–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Royden LH, Burchfiel BC, van der Hilst RD. The geological evolution of the Tibetan Plateau. Science. 2008;321:1054–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chang S, Kwon N, Weon BM, Kim J, Rhee CK, Choi HS, et al. Tracking X-ray microscopy for alveolar dynamics in live intact mice. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dubé J, Legros D. Spatial Econometrics Using Microdata. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Levia DF, Carlyle-Moses D, Tanaka T, editors. Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry: Synthesis of Past Research and Future Directions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Meissner D. Instruments to measure Foresight. In: Meissner D, Gokhberg L, Sokolov A, editors. Science, Technology and Innovation Policy for the Future: Potentials and Limits of Foresight Studies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 43–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Rheumatology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Promising Rabies Treatment Cures Mice After Symptoms Appear [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/promising-rabies-treatment-cures-mice-after-symptoms-appear/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Student Aid: Recent Changes to Eligibility Requirements and Additional Efforts to Promote Awarness Could Increase Academic Competitiveness and SMART Grant Participation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Mar. Report No.: GAO-09-343.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Vargas AR. Implementing modern geographic technology in the trucking industry: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Asks for Help, With Creditors in Pursuit. New York Times. 2016 Jan 9;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Rheumatology
AbbreviationPediatr. Rheumatol. Online J.
ISSN (online)1546-0096
ScopeImmunology and Allergy
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Rheumatology

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