How to format your references using the Pediatric Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Koenig R. EUROPEAN SCIENCE: Research Behemoth Slated for Overhaul. Science. 2000;289:2019b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Woolhouse M, Donaldson A. Managing foot-and-mouth. Nature. 2001;410:515–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Adilakshmi T, Bellur DL, Woodson SA. Concurrent nucleation of 16S folding and induced fit in 30S ribosome assembly. Nature. 2008;455:1268–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bergemann M, Sesar B, Cohen JG, Serenelli AM, Sheffield A, Li TS, et al. Two chemically similar stellar overdensities on opposite sides of the plane of the Galactic disk. Nature. 2018;555:334–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cox C. An Introduction to LTE. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Jung G, editor. Fluorescent Proteins II: Application of Fluorescent Protein Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kuiper R, Kuijpers-Linde M, Bouwman A. A Sustainable Outlook on the Future of The Netherlands. In: Koomen E, Borsboom-van Beurden J, editors. Land-Use Modelling in Planning Practice. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 61–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Rheumatology.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Please Don’t Put Bison In Your Car, Even If It Looks Cold [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/yellowstone-tourists-put-bison-their-car-because-they-were-worried-it-was-cold/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highway Infrastructure: FHWA’s Model for Estimating Highway Needs Is Generally Reasonable, Despite Limitations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Jun. Report No.: RCED-00-133.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Han B. Mechanistic Consequences of Cardiac Oxidative Stress [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. Amid the City, Learning to Survive in the Wild. New York Times. 2011 Oct 28;C35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Rheumatology
AbbreviationPediatr. Rheumatol. Online J.
ISSN (online)1546-0096
ScopeImmunology and Allergy
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Rheumatology

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