How to format your references using the Language Resources and Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Language Resources and Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sohi, S. P. (2012). Agriculture. Carbon storage with benefits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6110), 1034–1035.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gunnarsson, O., & Han, J. E. (2000). The mean free path for electron conduction in metallic fullerenes. Nature, 405(6790), 1027–1030.
A journal article with 3 authors
Williams, C. C., Jan, C. H., & Weissman, J. S. (2014). Targeting and plasticity of mitochondrial proteins revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6210), 748–751.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Y., Zuo, T., Cheng, Y., & Liaw, P. K. (2013). High-entropy alloys with high saturation magnetization, electrical resistivity, and malleability. Scientific reports, 3, 1455.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Andersson, C., Freeman, D., James, I., Johnston, A., & Ljung, S. (2006). Mobile Media and Applications - From Concept to Cash. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zenkov, D. V. (Ed.). (2015). The Inverse Problem of the Calculus of Variations: Local and Global Theory (1st ed. 2015., Vol. 2). Paris: Atlantis Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Cazzulani, G., Ferrari, M., Resta, F., & Ripamonti, F. (2011). A Numerical and Experimental Analysis for the Active Vibration Control of a Concrete Placing Boom. In C. M. A. Vasques & J. Dias Rodrigues (Eds.), Vibration and Structural Acoustics Analysis: Current Research and Related Technologies (pp. 79–97). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Language Resources and Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 4). When Did Humans Start To See The Color Blue? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). USDA Telecommunications: Better Management and Network Planning Could Save Millions (No. AIMD-95-203). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gramajo, G. G. (2014). Guidance control of small UAV with energy and maneuverability limitations for a search and coverage mission (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. A. (2003, May 13). BUSINESS TRAVEL: ON THE GROUND -- Paris; A City of Good Food, Fashion and Corporate Drama. New York Times, p. C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sohi 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gunnarsson and Han 2000; Sohi 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gunnarsson and Han 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleLanguage Resources and Evaluation
AbbreviationLang. Resour. Eval.
ISSN (print)1574-020X
ISSN (online)1574-0218
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Library and Information Sciences
Linguistics and Language

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