How to format your references using the Language Resources and Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Language Resources and Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jordan, F. (2004). Biochemistry. How active sites communicate in thiamine enzymes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5697), 818–820.
A journal article with 2 authors
Iwamoto, H., & Yagi, N. (2013). The molecular trigger for high-speed wing beats in a bee. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6151), 1243–1246.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kwak, K., Cho, K., & Kim, S. (2013). Stable bending performance of flexible organic light-emitting diodes using IZO anodes. Scientific reports, 3, 2787.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gustafsson, F. S., Whiteside, M. D., Jiranek, V., & Durall, D. M. (2014). Development and use of a quantum dot probe to track multiple yeast strains in mixed culture. Scientific reports, 4, 6971.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sandou, G. (2013). Metaheuristic Optimization for the Design of Automatic Control Laws. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Forestieri, E. (Ed.). (2005). Optical Communication Theory and Techniques. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Bode, A. S., & Tordoir, J. H. M. (2013). Vascular Access For Hemodialysis Therapy. In A. T. Azar (Ed.), Modelling and Control of Dialysis Systems: Volume 1: Modeling Techniques of Hemodialysis Systems (pp. 235–303). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Language Resources and Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 28). Link Found Between Gut Bacteria And Depression. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). FAA Research, Engineering and Development Issues (No. T-RCED-89-21). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bernstine, J. T. (2015). Experiences of Students Transferring from Community and Technical Colleges to a Private Nonprofit University (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herszenhorn, D. M., & Barry, E. (2011, December 4). Russian Voters Send a Message To Putin’s Party. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jordan 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Iwamoto and Yagi 2013; Jordan 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Iwamoto and Yagi 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Gustafsson et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLanguage Resources and Evaluation
AbbreviationLang. Resour. Eval.
ISSN (print)1574-020X
ISSN (online)1574-0218
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Library and Information Sciences
Linguistics and Language

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