How to format your references using the Pediatric Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bruins HJ. Anthropology. Dating Pharaonic Egypt. Science 2010;328:1489–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lubchenco J, Sutley N. Science policy. Proposed U.S. policy for ocean, coast, and Great Lakes stewardship. Science 2010;328:1485–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yazdanbakhsh M, Kremsner PG, van Ree R. Allergy, parasites, and the hygiene hypothesis. Science 2002;296:490–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Fennell T, Deen PP, Wildes AR, et al. Magnetic Coulomb phase in the spin ice Ho2Ti2O7. Science 2009;326:415–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Li C, Lin J. Microwave Noncontact Motion Sensing and Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Sethi SP, Bogataj M, Ros-McDonnell L, editors. Industrial Engineering: Innovative Networks: 5th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management “CIO 2011”, Cartagena, Spain, September 2011, Proceedings. London: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Singh SR, Rathore H. Two-Warehouse Reverse Logistic Inventory Model for Deteriorating Item under Learning Effect. In: Das KN, Deep K, Pant M, Bansal JC, Nagar A, editors. Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2014, Volume 1. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Research.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. Dawn Returns Striking New Images Of Dwarf Planet Ceres [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/dawn-returns-striking-new-images-dwarf-planet-ceres/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Backpay]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Isaacson MJ. The paradox of respect and risk: Six Lakota adolescents speak. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stewart JB. Snap Stretches the Limits of Valuation. New York Times. 2017;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Research
AbbreviationPediatr. Res.
ISSN (print)0031-3998
ISSN (online)1530-0447
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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