How to format your references using the Deep-Sea Research Part I citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Deep-Sea Research Part I. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. Boosting biotech in Finland. Nature 431, 1020–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Venters, B.J., Pugh, B.F., 2013. Genomic organization of human transcription initiation complexes. Nature 502, 53–58.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ang, Y.S., Ma, Z., Zhang, C., 2014. Chiral-like tunneling of electrons in two-dimensional semiconductors with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. Sci. Rep. 4, 3780.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lanzetti, L., Palamidessi, A., Areces, L., Scita, G., Di Fiore, P.P., 2004. Rab5 is a signalling GTPase involved in actin remodelling by receptor tyrosine kinases. Nature 429, 309–314.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, R.A., 2012. Extreme Tissue Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Chen, R. (Ed.), 2011. Intelligent Computing and Information Science: International Conference, ICICIS 2011, Chongqing, China, January 8-9, 2011. Proceedings, Part II, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Schweingruber, F.H., Börner, A., Schulze, E.-D., 2013. Ontogeny of the Xylem, in: Börner, A., Schulze, E.-D. (Eds.), Atlas of Stem Anatomy in Herbs, Shrubs and Trees: Volume 2. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 371–381.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Deep-Sea Research Part I.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. This Is What Caused The Most Powerful Eruption In Human History [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Small Business Innovation Research: Agencies Need to Strengthen Efforts to Improve the Completeness, Consistency, and Accuracy of Awards Data (No. GAO-07-38). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zacher, B., 2013. The roles of electrode contacts in organic photovoltaics (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2000. Allowing the Math-Challenged To Savor the Coffee at Tip Time. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2004; Venters and Pugh, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Venters and Pugh, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lanzetti et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleDeep-Sea Research Part I
AbbreviationDeep Sea Res. Part 1 Oceanogr. Res. Pap.
ISSN (print)0967-0637
ScopeAquatic Science

Other styles