How to format your references using the Deep-Sea Research Part I citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Deep-Sea Research Part I. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ziff, R.M., 2013. Mathematics. Getting the jump on explosive percolation. Science 339, 1159–1160.
A journal article with 2 authors
Khakh, B.S., North, R.A., 2006. P2X receptors as cell-surface ATP sensors in health and disease. Nature 442, 527–532.
A journal article with 3 authors
González-Pastor, J.E., Hobbs, E.C., Losick, R., 2003. Cannibalism by sporulating bacteria. Science 301, 510–513.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Richardson, J.E., Weitz, F.M., Fay, M.F., Cronk, Q.C., Linder, H.P., Reeves, G., Chase, M.W., 2001. Rapid and recent origin of species richness in the Cape flora of South Africa. Nature 412, 181–183.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stamp, M., 2005. Information Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bertogna, M., Pinho, L.M., Quiñones, E. (Eds.), 2016. Reliable Software Technologies – Ada-Europe 2016: 21st Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, Pisa, Italy, June 13-17, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Marle, F., Vidal, L.-A., 2016. Changing Project Structure to Mitigate Its Complexity, in: Vidal, L.-A. (Ed.), Managing Complex, High Risk Projects: A Guide to Basic and Advanced Project Management. Springer, London, pp. 145–203.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Deep-Sea Research Part I.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Two Supermassive Black Holes Set To Collide [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Mass Transit Grants: Development Time Frames for Selected UMTA Projects (No. RCED-91-184FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, W.A., 2010. Middle school students’ experiences on a science museum field trip as Preparation for Future Learning (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by, 2005. Arts, Briefly; Rostropovich Quits Moscow Opera. New York Times E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ziff, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Khakh and North, 2006; Ziff, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Khakh and North, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Richardson et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleDeep-Sea Research Part I
AbbreviationDeep Sea Res. Part 1 Oceanogr. Res. Pap.
ISSN (print)0967-0637
ScopeAquatic Science

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