How to format your references using the Deep-Sea Research Part I citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Deep-Sea Research Part I. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery, S., 2004. Of towers, walls, and fields: perspectives on language in science. Science 303, 1333–1335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greene, M.J., Gordon, D.M., 2003. Social insects: Cuticular hydrocarbons inform task decisions. Nature 423, 32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tyler, R.H., Maus, S., Lühr, H., 2003. Satellite observations of magnetic fields due to ocean tidal flow. Science 299, 239–241.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Saeij, J.P.J., Coller, S., Boyle, J.P., Jerome, M.E., White, M.W., Boothroyd, J.C., 2007. Toxoplasma co-opts host gene expression by injection of a polymorphic kinase homologue. Nature 445, 324–327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov, B.M., 2010. Cluster Processes in Gases and Plasmas. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Lamm, J., 2010. Under Control: Governance Across the Enterprise. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Sadia, Y., Ben-Yehuda, O., Gelbstein, Y., 2013. Highly Efficient Segmented p-type Thermoelectric Leg, in: Zlatic, V., Hewson, A. (Eds.), New Materials for Thermoelectric Applications: Theory and Experiment, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 59–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Deep-Sea Research Part I.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Controversial “Anti-Aging” Young Blood Injection Trial Demands $8,000 From Each Volunteer [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. U.S. Airports: Selected Airports’ Views on Federal Requirements (No. RCED-99-58R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horning, C.L., 2017. Kinesthetic learning in algebra and its effects on students’ achievement and disposition toward mathemathics (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. With a Final Shot, the Mets Are Denied as the Braves Snatch a Sweep. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montgomery, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Greene and Gordon, 2003; Montgomery, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greene and Gordon, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Saeij et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleDeep-Sea Research Part I
AbbreviationDeep Sea Res. Part 1 Oceanogr. Res. Pap.
ISSN (print)0967-0637
ScopeAquatic Science

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