How to format your references using the Deep-Sea Research Part I citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Deep-Sea Research Part I. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2010. World view: ERA of austerity. Nature 466, 314.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasteris, J.D., Wopenka, B., 2002. Laser-Raman spectroscopy: images of the Earth’s earliest fossils? Nature 420, 476–7; discussion 477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuhlen, M., Madau, P., Silk, J., 2009. Exploring dark matter with Milky Way substructure. Science 325, 970–973.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Augier, E., Barbier, E., Dulman, R.S., Licheri, V., Augier, G., Domi, E., Barchiesi, R., Farris, S., Nätt, D., Mayfield, R.D., Adermark, L., Heilig, M., 2018. A molecular mechanism for choosing alcohol over an alternative reward. Science 360, 1321–1326.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, K., Aardema, F., 2011. Clinician’s Handbook for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Labarta, J., Joe, K., Sato, T. (Eds.), 2008. High-Performance Computing: 6th International Symposium, ISHPC 2005, Nara, Japan, September 7-9, 2005, First International Workshop on Advanced Low Power Systems, ALPS 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Aubert, P., Blanchet, D., Blau, D., 2007. Social Contract and Age at Retirement: Some Elements of a Franco-American Comparison, in: Pennec, S., Légaré, J. (Eds.), Ages, Generations and the Social Contract: The Demographic Challenges Facing the Welfare State. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 115–153.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Deep-Sea Research Part I.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. AI Machine Has Same IQ As Four-Year-Old Child [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Federal Transit Administration: Progress and Challenges in Implementing and Evaluating the Job Access and Reverse Commute Program (No. GAO-09-496). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, T.M., 2010. Is the Procurement Integrity Act “Important” Enough for the Mandatory Disclosure Rule?: A Look at the Procurement Integrity Act and the Case for its Inclusion in the Mandatory Disclosure Rule (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J., 2017. After a Retirement, Putting to Bed The Times’s First Email Address. New York Times B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2010; Pasteris and Wopenka, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pasteris and Wopenka, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Augier et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleDeep-Sea Research Part I
AbbreviationDeep Sea Res. Part 1 Oceanogr. Res. Pap.
ISSN (print)0967-0637
ScopeAquatic Science

Other styles