How to format your references using the Deep-Sea Research Part I citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Deep-Sea Research Part I. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eggleston, A.K., 2009. RNA silencing. Nature 457, 395.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bezemer, T.M., van der Putten, W.H., 2007. Ecology: diversity and stability in plant communities. Nature 446, E6-7; discussion E7-8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, L., Treisman, A., Pashler, H., 2007. Characterizing the limits of human visual awareness. Science 317, 823–825.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tombola, F., Pathak, M.M., Gorostiza, P., Isacoff, E.Y., 2007. The twisted ion-permeation pathway of a resting voltage-sensing domain. Nature 445, 546–549.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, S.R., Gregory, W.M., Twelves, C., Brown, J., 2014. A Practical Guide to Designing Phase II Trials in Oncology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pisani, M. (Ed.), 2012. Aging and Lung Disease: A Clinical Guide, Respiratory Medicine. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Ginat, D.T., Moonis, G., Freitag, S.K., 2015. Imaging After Oculoplastic Surgery, in: Ginat, D.T., Freitag, S.K. (Eds.), Post-Treatment Imaging of the Orbit. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 65–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Deep-Sea Research Part I.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. What’s The Mass Of A Supermassive Black Hole? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Office of Education Contracts With Consultants, Experts, and Consulting Organizations (No. MWD-76-11). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomes, S., 2010. The Lanterman-Petris-Short Act and the effects of deinstitutionalization on the mentally ill (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Choi, M.H.K., 2015. LaCroix Sparkling Water. New York Times MM28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eggleston, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bezemer and van der Putten, 2007; Eggleston, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bezemer and van der Putten, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tombola et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleDeep-Sea Research Part I
AbbreviationDeep Sea Res. Part 1 Oceanogr. Res. Pap.
ISSN (print)0967-0637
ScopeAquatic Science

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