How to format your references using the Pediatric Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Davidson EH. The sea urchin genome: where will it lead us? Science 2006;314:939–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Brasier M, Antcliffe J. Paleobiology. Decoding the Ediacaran enigma. Science 2004;305:1115–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Chatterjee A, Mitrović M, Fortunato S. Universality in voting behavior: an empirical analysis. Sci Rep 2013;3:1049.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Panáková D, Sprong H, Marois E, Thiele C, Eaton S. Lipoprotein particles are required for Hedgehog and Wingless signalling. Nature 2005;435:58–65.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Morris AE, Geiger G, Fine HA. Handbook on Material and Energy Balance Calculations in Material Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Balula A. Evaluation of Online Higher Education: Learning, Interaction and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gruba P, Cárdenas-Claros MS, Suvorov R, Rick K. Meso-Level Evaluation. In: Cárdenas-Claros MS, Suvorov R, Rick K, editors. Blended Language Program Evaluation, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 65–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Neurology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. New Species of Frog Discovered. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-species-frog-discovered/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Implementation of the Beach Act of 2000: EPA and States Have Made Progress, but Additional Actions Could Improve Public Health Protection. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kilpatrick RF. A World Less Paved. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hodgman J. I Am Sorry for This Mess. New York Times 2017:SR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Neurology
AbbreviationPediatr. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0887-8994
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Developmental Neuroscience
Neurology

Other styles