How to format your references using the Pediatric Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spergel DN. The dark side of cosmology: dark matter and dark energy. Science 2015;347:1100–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Breitkreutz A, Tyers M. Cell signaling. A sophisticated scaffold wields a new trick. Science 2006;311:789–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuhn JR, Emilio M, Bush R. Comment on “A large excess in apparent solar oblateness due to surface magnetism.” Science 2009;324:1143; author reply 1143.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Boulanger MJ, Chow D-C, Brevnova EE, Garcia KC. Hexameric structure and assembly of the interleukin-6/IL-6 alpha-receptor/gp130 complex. Science 2003;300:2101–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson DA. Forensic Procedures for Boundary and Title Investigation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Brilly M, editor. Hydrological Processes of the Danube River Basin: Perspectives from the Danubian Countries. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Moschner B, Anschuetz A, Wernke S, Wagener U. Measurement of Epistemological Beliefs and Learning Strategies of Elementary School Children. In: Khine MS, editor. Knowing, Knowledge and Beliefs: Epistemological Studies across Diverse Cultures, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008, p. 113–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Discover Teeny Tiny Rare Species Of Shark. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Bankruptcy and Pension Problems Are Symptoms of Underlying Structural Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee E. Assessing the Well-Being Koreans and Korean Americans: Psychometric Validation Study for a Multidimensional Assessment of Well-Being. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sifton S. Give ’Em the Bird. New York Times 2013:MM30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Neurology
AbbreviationPediatr. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0887-8994
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Developmental Neuroscience

Other styles