How to format your references using the Pediatric Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Emery B. Regulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation and myelination. Science 2010;330:779–82.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hunt JH, Amdam GV. Bivoltinism as an antecedent to eusociality in the paper wasp genus Polistes. Science 2005;308:264–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Stewart CL, Roux KJ, Burke B. Blurring the boundary: the nuclear envelope extends its reach. Science 2007;318:1408–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Tang G, Minemoto Y, Dibling B, Purcell NH, Li Z, Karin M, et al. Inhibition of JNK activation through NF-kappaB target genes. Nature 2001;414:313–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Dehn MJ. Long-Term Memory Problems in Children and Adolescents. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Nakamura T. Urban Mining Systems. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Lee H, Kim J, Kim J. Decision Fusion of Shape and Motion Information Based on Bayesian Framework for Moving Object Classification in Image Sequences. In: Esposito F, Raś ZW, Malerba D, Semeraro G, editors. Foundations of Intelligent Systems: 16th International Symposium, ISMIS 2006, Bari, Italy, September 27-29, 2006. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 19–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Neurology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. The Five Most Surprising Cosmetic Surgery Trends Across The Globe. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. FTS 2000: Status and Mandatory Use. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Libman M. A policy analysis of the Penal Code Section 186.20-186.33: California Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Barron J. Wounded by ‘Fearless Girl,’ Creator of ‘Charging Bull’ Wants Her to Move. New York Times 2017:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Neurology
AbbreviationPediatr. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0887-8994
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Developmental Neuroscience
Neurology

Other styles