How to format your references using the Current Cardiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Cardiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bonetta L. Protein purification: proteomics at Harvard. Nature. 2006;439:1017.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bloom K, Joglekar A. Towards building a chromosome segregation machine. Nature. 2010;463:446–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Nowak MA, Komarova NL, Niyogi P. Evolution of universal grammar. Science. 2001;291:114–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yoshioka W, Kawaguchi T, Fujisawa N, Aida-Yasuoka K, Shimizu T, Matsumura F, et al. Predominant role of cytosolic phospholipase A2α in dioxin-induced neonatal hydronephrosis in mice. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4042.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Allman K, Nogales XED. Impact Investment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Fioranelli M. Cardiologia dello Sport: Diagnostica e clinica cardiovascolare. Frajese G, editor. Milano: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hirzalla M, Cleland-Huang J, Arsanjani A. A Metrics Suite for Evaluating Flexibility and Complexity in Service Oriented Architectures. In: Feuerlicht G, Lamersdorf W, editors. Service-Oriented Computing – ICSOC 2008 Workshops: ICSOC 2008 International Workshops, Sydney, Australia, December 1st, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Cardiology Reports.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Some Humans Migrated Back To Africa 45,000 Years Ago [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: A Testing Guide (Supersedes AIMD-10.1.21). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Nov. Report No.: AIMD-10.1.21.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Escalante-Guerra M. Policy analysis proposal regarding the Adoptions and Safe Family Act of 1997 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. Murray Pounces After del Potro’s First-Set Stumble. New York Times. 2017 Jun 3;SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Cardiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Cardiol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1523-3782
ISSN (online)1534-3170
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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