How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thulborn, T. (2003). Comment on “Ascent of dinosaurs linked to an iridium anomaly at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary.” Science 301, 169; author reply 169.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Neill, H. S. C., and Jenner, F. E. (2012). The global pattern of trace-element distributions in ocean floor basalts. Nature 491, 698–704.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nelson, W. A., Bjørnstad, O. N., and Yamanaka, T. (2013). Recurrent insect outbreaks caused by temperature-driven changes in system stability. Science 341, 796–799.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Takayama, S., Ostuni, E., LeDuc, P., Naruse, K., Ingber, D. E., and Whitesides, G. M. (2001). Subcellular positioning of small molecules. Nature 411, 1016.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Griffin, P. M., Nembhard, H. B., DeFlitch, C. J., Bastian, N. D., Kang, H., and Muñoz, D. A. (2015). Healthcare Systems Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fong, I. W., and Alibek, K. eds. (2009). Bioterrorism and Infectious Agents: A New Dilemma for the 21st Century. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bromiley, P. A., Adams, J. E., and Cootes, T. F. (2016). “Automatic Localisation of Vertebrae in DXA Images Using Random Forest Regression Voting,” in Computational Methods and Clinical Applications for Spine Imaging: Third International Workshop and Challenge, CSI 2015, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2015, Munich, Germany, October 5, 2015, Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. T. Vrtovec, J. Yao, B. Glocker, T. Klinder, A. Frangi, G. Zheng, et al. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 38–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). How To Create Your Own Ecosystem In A Bottle. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971). Weaknesses in School Districts’ Implementation of the Emergency School Assistance Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanchez-Mejia, Z. M. (2013). Monsoon dependent ecosystems: Implications of the vertical distribution of soil moisture on land surface-atmosphere interactions.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fink, S., and Risen, J. (2016). Suit Aims to Hold Contractors Accountable for C.I.A. Torture. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thulborn, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (O’Neill and Jenner, 2012; Thulborn, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Neill and Jenner, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Takayama et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Cell. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5102
ScopeCellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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