How to format your references using the Pediatric Infectious Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Infectious Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kreeger K. A winning proposal. Nature. 2003;426(6962):102-103.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rosenfeld D, Woodley WL. Deep convective clouds with sustained supercooled liquid water down to -37.5 degrees C. Nature. 2000;405(6785):440-442.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Prahlad V, Cornelius T, Morimoto RI. Regulation of the cellular heat shock response in Caenorhabditis elegans by thermosensory neurons. Science. 2008;320(5877):811-814.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ferguson NM, Cummings DAT, Fraser C, Cajka JC, Cooley PC, Burke DS. Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemic. Nature. 2006;442(7101):448-452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Heads G. Living Mindfully. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Sawada H, Inoue N, Iwano M, eds. Sexual Reproduction in Animals and Plants. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Eberhardt F, Glymour C, Scheines R. N-1 Experiments Suffice to Determine the Causal Relations Among N Variables. In: Holmes DE, Jain LC, eds. Innovations in Machine Learning: Theory and Applications. Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006:97-112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Infectious Disease.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Our ‘Rosetta Stone’ Gene Could Unlock The Secrets Of Schizophrenia. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/our-rosetta-stone-gene-could-unlock-secrets-schizophrenia/. Published August 17, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Air Force C-17 Embedded Computers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hammamy R. “Promoting responsible action in medical emergencies”: Determining the impact of a new University of Maryland alcohol protocol. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Rally, and a Favorable Schedule, Lift the Mets’ Hopes. New York Times. September 10, 2016:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Infectious Disease
AbbreviationPediatr. Infect. Dis.
ISSN (print)2212-8328
Scope

Other styles