How to format your references using the Journal of Ultrasound citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ultrasound. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Moyer MW. Cell banks: life blood. Nature 2013;498:S16.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wang X, Ha T. Defining single molecular forces required to activate integrin and notch signaling. Science 2013;340:991–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Liu Q-S, Pu L, Poo M-M. Repeated cocaine exposure in vivo facilitates LTP induction in midbrain dopamine neurons. Nature 2005;437:1027–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ray SC, Soin N, Makgato T, Chuang CH, Pong WF, Roy SS, et al. Graphene supported graphone/graphane bilayer nanostructure material for spintronics. Sci Rep 2014;4:3862.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Balakrishnan N, Koutras MV. Runs and Scans with Applications: Balakrishnan/Runs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2001.
An edited book
[1]
Bhatt DL, editor. Peripheral and Cerebrovascular Intervention. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Krugman SD, Lane WG. Fatal Child Abuse. In: Korbin JE, Krugman RD, editors. Handbook of Child Maltreatment, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 99–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ultrasound.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. Melting Permafrost Could Thaw A Smallpox Graveyard In Siberia. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/melting-permafrost-could-thaw-a-smallpox-graveyard-in-siberia/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Post-9/11 GI Bill: Additional Actions Needed to Help Reduce Overpayments and Increase Collections. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ward VJ. A study of the perceptions of first-year teachers as prepared classroom teachers. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Barron J. A Floor of a World Trade Center Tower Is Splashed With Graffiti, by Invitation. New York Times 2017:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ultrasound
ISSN (print)1971-3495
Scope

Other styles