How to format your references using the Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grimes RN. William Nunn Lipscomb Jr (1919-2011). Nature 2011;473:286.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hamanaka RB, Chandel NS. Cell biology. Warburg effect and redox balance. Science 2011;334:1219–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirichok Y, Navarro B, Clapham DE. Whole-cell patch-clamp measurements of spermatozoa reveal an alkaline-activated Ca2+ channel. Nature 2006;439:737–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cusanovich DA, Reddington JP, Garfield DA, Daza RM, Aghamirzaie D, Marco-Ferreres R, et al. The cis-regulatory dynamics of embryonic development at single-cell resolution. Nature 2018;555:538–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGrath AE. Luther’s Theology of the Cross. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Battiato S, Blanc-Talon J, Gallo G, Philips W, Popescu D, Scheunders P, editors. Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems: 16th International Conference, ACIVS 2015, Catania, Italy, October 26-29, 2015. Proceedings. vol. 9386. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Wijesinghe L, Siriwardena P, Dias D. A Wireless Sensor Network for Early Warning of Elephant Intrusions. In: Shaikh FK, Chowdhry BS, Ammari HM, Uqaili MA, Shah A, editors. Wireless Sensor Networks for Developing Countries: First International Conference, WSN4DC, Jamshoro, Pakistan, April 24-26, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 38–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal.

Blog post
Fang J. The Sharp-Shooting Skills of Archerfish Were Driven by Competition. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Job Corps: Participant Selection and Performance Measurement Need to Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crosby WO. ATI v. Colorado: How the Commerce Clause Provides Guidance at the Confluence of Energy, Environmental, and Constitutional Law. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess B, Silver-Greenberg J, Drucker J. Regulators Review German Bank At the Center of Trump’s Finances. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Hematology Oncology Journal
AbbreviationPediatr. Hematol. Oncol. J.
ISSN (print)2468-1245

Other styles