How to format your references using the Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gottesman D. Physics. Jump-starting quantum error correction with entanglement. Science 2006;314:427–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mogk A, Bukau B. Cell biology. When the beginning marks the end. Science 2010;327:966–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gómez JM, Verdú M, Perfectti F. Ecological interactions are evolutionarily conserved across the entire tree of life. Nature 2010;465:918–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mikhael J, Roth J, Helden L, Bechinger C. Archimedean-like tiling on decagonal quasicrystalline surfaces. Nature 2008;454:501–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis JH. Statistics for Compensation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Martínez-Avendaño RA. An Introduction to Operators on the Hardy-Hilbert Space. vol. 237. New York, NY: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Ballester F. Air Pollution and Health: In: Nicolopoulou-Stamati P, Hens L, Howard CV, editors. Environmental Health Impacts of Transport and Mobility, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 53–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal.

Blog post
Davis J. A Giant Among Dwarfs: New Species Of Dwarf Bushbaby Discovered In Angola. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. U.S. Merchant Marine: Maritime Administration Should Assess Potential Mariner-Training Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cong M. A Comparative Analysis of Acculturative Stress Among Mainland Chinese and Taiwanese International Students at a Hispanic Serving University. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Roberts Court Hears Its First Case in Federalism Debate. New York Times 2005:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Hematology Oncology Journal
AbbreviationPediatr. Hematol. Oncol. J.
ISSN (print)2468-1245

Other styles