How to format your references using the Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duffy, M. A. (2014). Epidemiology. It helps to be well connected. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6189), 1229–1230.
A journal article with 2 authors
Affolter, M., & Basler, K. (2011). Cell biology. Cytonemes show their colors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6027), 312–313.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sogo, J. M., Lopes, M., & Foiani, M. (2002). Fork reversal and ssDNA accumulation at stalled replication forks owing to checkpoint defects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5581), 599–602.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kaufmann, K., Wellmer, F., Muiño, J. M., Ferrier, T., Wuest, S. E., Kumar, V., Serrano-Mislata, A., Madueño, F., Krajewski, P., Meyerowitz, E. M., Angenent, G. C., & Riechmann, J. L. (2010). Orchestration of floral initiation by APETALA1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5974), 85–89.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langley-Evans, S. (2015). Nutrition, health and disease. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Faletti, C. (Ed.). (2016). Traumatologia scheletrica: Imaging integrato clinico-radiologico. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Amico, K. R. (2014). Adherence to HIV Treatment as Prevention and Preexposure Prophylaxis. In L. A. Eaton & S. C. Kalichman (Eds.), Biomedical Advances in HIV Prevention: Social and Behavioral Perspectives (pp. 69–108). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 12). Why We Mustn’t Assume Smoking And Drinking Only Leads To Certain Cancers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Elementary and Secondary Education: Flexibility Initiatives Do Not Address Districts’ Key Concerns About Federal Requirements (HEHS-98-232). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherwin, P. R. (2012). The disconnection between high school and college: A study of retention of students who are at risk of leaving college before completing a degree [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017, July 7). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Duffy, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Affolter & Basler, 2011; Duffy, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Affolter & Basler, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Sogo et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kaufmann et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management
ISSN (print)1648-6897
ISSN (online)1822-4199

Other styles