How to format your references using the Biophysical Economics and Resource Quality citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biophysical Economics and Resource Quality. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramsay H (2014) Climate science: Shifting storms. Nature 509:290–291
A journal article with 2 authors
Antonakis J, Dalgas O (2009) Predicting elections: child’s play! Science 323:1183
A journal article with 3 authors
Rapp RP, Shimizu N, Norman MD (2003) Growth of early continental crust by partial melting of eclogite. Nature 425:605–609
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu Y, Zadorozhny Y, Rosario MM, et al (2001) Destruction of the global phase coherence in ultrathin, doubly connected superconducting cylinders. Science 294:2332–2334

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marsh N (2014) Forensic Photography. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Chebat J-C, Oumlil AB (eds) (2015) Proceedings of the 1998 Multicultural Marketing Conference. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Pascha W (2007) On the Time Lag between Technology Policy and FDI Policy in Korea - A Comment on Jin-Hyo Joseph Yun’s Paper. In: Mahlich JC, Pascha W (eds) Innovation and Technology in Korea: Challenges of a Newly Advanced Economy. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp 55–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biophysical Economics and Resource Quality.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) More Than 200 Life-Extending Genes Identified. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/more-200-life-extending-genes-identified/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) English Language Learning: Diverse Federal and State Efforts to Support Adult English Language Learning Could Benefit from More Coordination. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Birtler ER (2014) Group therapy and knowledge of neuroplastic principles: The impact of health literacy on client locus of control in a therapy setting. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) Pardon My Dust? Neighbors of a College Project Say No. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramsay 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Antonakis and Dalgas 2009; Ramsay 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Antonakis and Dalgas 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiophysical Economics and Resource Quality
AbbreviationBiophys. Econ. Resour. Qual.
ISSN (print)2366-0112
ISSN (online)2366-0120
Scope

Other styles