How to format your references using the Pediatric Critical Care Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wadman M: Copycat consolidation. Nature 2007; 449:393
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hartl FU, Hayer-Hartl M: Molecular chaperones in the cytosol: from nascent chain to folded protein. Science 2002; 295:1852–1858
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Romero R, Dey SK, Fisher SJ: Preterm labor: one syndrome, many causes. Science 2014; 345:760–765
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Nishiyama T, Yoshizaki N, Kishimoto T, et al.: Transient activation of calcineurin is essential to initiate embryonic development in Xenopus laevis. Nature 2007; 449:341–345

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Straus SE, Sackett DL: Mentorship in Academic Medicine. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Children’s Human Rights and Public Schooling in the United States. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Reinhart G, Egbers J: Integrating Ability Limitations into Assembly System Design. In: ElMaraghy HA, editor(s). Enabling Manufacturing Competitiveness and Economic Sustainability: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual production (CARV2011), Montreal, Canada, 2-5 October 2011. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 35–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Critical Care Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A: Dimming Dwarf Binary Discovered By Astronomers [Internet]. IFLScience 2017; [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/dimming-dwarf-binary-discovered-by-astronomers/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Highway Projects: Many Federal and State Environmental Review Requirements Are Similar, and Little Duplication of Effort Occurs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Haxton SA: Student Risk Perception in the Undergraduate Teaching Laboratory. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L: Drama Students Face A Change of Scene. New York Times 2006; 14LI7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Critical Care Medicine
AbbreviationPediatr. Crit. Care Med.
ISSN (print)1529-7535
ISSN (online)1947-3893
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles