How to format your references using the Pediatric Critical Care Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Macilwain C: Emerging powers need a more-inclusive science. Nature 2014; 505:7
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bhattachan A, D’Odorico P: Can land use intensification in the Mallee, Australia increase the supply of soluble iron to the Southern Ocean? Sci Rep 2014; 4:6009
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Omabegho T, Sha R, Seeman NC: A bipedal DNA Brownian motor with coordinated legs. Science 2009; 324:67–71
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Barber DL, Wherry EJ, Masopust D, et al.: Restoring function in exhausted CD8 T cells during chronic viral infection. Nature 2006; 439:682–687

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Szeman I, O’Brien S: Popular Culture. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Terahertz and Mid Infrared Radiation: Generation, Detection and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Nakagawa S, Duman RS: Depression. In: Seki T, Sawamoto K, Parent JM, et al., editor(s). Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain II: Clinical Implications. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2011. p. 99–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Critical Care Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E: Why Alcohol Makes You Feel Warm – And Other Strange Effects It Has On The Brain. IFLScience 2016;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: HUD Urban Studies Fellowship Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Yi Z: Dynamics of bio-membranes investigated by neutron spin echo: Effects of phospholipid conformations and presence of lidocaine. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Winerip M, Schwirtz M: Even as Many Eyes Watch, Brutality at Rikers Persists. New York Times 2015; A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Critical Care Medicine
AbbreviationPediatr. Crit. Care Med.
ISSN (print)1529-7535
ISSN (online)1947-3893
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles