How to format your references using the Pediatric Critical Care Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Davies W: Palaeoanthropology: The time of the last Neanderthals. Nature 2014; 512:260–261
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Huynh KD, Lee JT: Inheritance of a pre-inactivated paternal X chromosome in early mouse embryos. Nature 2003; 426:857–862
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nandy D, Muñoz-Jaramillo A, Martens PCH: The unusual minimum of sunspot cycle 23 caused by meridional plasma flow variations. Nature 2011; 471:80–82
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Kiselev SI, Sankey JC, Krivorotov IN, et al.: Microwave oscillations of a nanomagnet driven by a spin-polarized current. Nature 2003; 425:380–383

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cooper N, Forrest K, Cramp P: Essential Guide to Acute Care. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaws: Bisphosphonates, Denosumab, and New Agents. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wright S, Bakmand-Mikalski D, Rais RB, et al.: Practical Document Management with SharePoint 2010. In: Bakmand-Mikalski D, Rais RB, Bishop D, et al., editor(s). Expert SharePoint 2010 Practices. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2011. p. 111–160.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Critical Care Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Taub B: NASA Releases Stunning Half-Hour Ultra HD Video Of The Sun [Internet]. IFLScience 2015; [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/stunning-hd-video-of-sun/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: USDA Telecommunications: Better Management and Network Planning Could Save Millions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wheeler TJ: Efficient construction of accurate multiple alignments and large-scale phylogenies. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G: One More From The Heart. New York Times 2011; D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Critical Care Medicine
AbbreviationPediatr. Crit. Care Med.
ISSN (print)1529-7535
ISSN (online)1947-3893
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles