How to format your references using the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xie Y: Sociology of science. “Undemocracy”: inequalities in science. Science 344: 809–810, 2014
A journal article with 2 authors
Yuan J, Poulin P: Materials science. Fibers do the twist. Science 343: 845–846, 2014
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsberg NS, Garner SR, Hau LV: Coherent control of optical information with matter wave dynamics. Nature 445: 623–626, 2007
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Domingues CM, Church JA, White NJ, Gleckler PJ, Wijffels SE, Barker PM, et al.: Improved estimates of upper-ocean warming and multi-decadal sea-level rise. Nature 453: 1090–1093, 2008

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vento JJ: Financial Independence (Getting to Point X ). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.;
An edited book
Vadakkepat P, Kim J-H, Jesse N, Mamun AA, Kiong TK, Baltes J, et al., editors: Trends in Intelligent Robotics: 13th FIRA Robot World Congress, FIRA 2010, Bangalore, India, September 15-17, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer;
A chapter in an edited book
Dikshit KR, Dikshit JK: The Drainage System of North-East India. In: North-East India: Land, People and Economy, edited by Dikshit JK, pp 127–147, 2014

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Blog post
Fang J: They May Be Loners, But Unpopular Marmots Protect the Colony [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Available from: [cited 2018 Oct 30]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Income Security Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lam NN: The effect of racial disparities and adult supervision in Human Papillomavirus knowledge among female adolescents. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J: Her Peers Made School Look Easy. With Hard Work, She’s Catching Up. New York Times. A17, 2017

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)1046-6673
ISSN (online)1533-3450
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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