How to format your references using the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Blake D: Biodiscovery--from reef to outback. Nature 429: 15–17, 2004
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Frohlich MW, Chase MW: After a dozen years of progress the origin of angiosperms is still a great mystery. Nature 450: 1184–1189, 2007
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Linnerooth-Bayer J, Mechler R, Pflug G: Refocusing disaster aid. Science 309: 1044–1046, 2005
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Kitov PI, Sadowska JM, Mulvey G, Armstrong GD, Ling H, Pannu NS, Read RJ, Bundle DR: Shiga-like toxins are neutralized by tailored multivalent carbohydrate ligands. Nature 403: 669–672, 2000

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Armstrong HA, Brasier MD: Microfossils. Malden, MA USA: Blackwell Publishing;
An edited book
1.
Klempe SH, Smith R, editors: Centrality of History for Theory Construction in Psychology. Cham: Springer International Publishing;
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bozovic I: Possible Jahn–Teller Effect and Strong Electron–Phonon Coupling in Beryllium Hydride. In: High Tc Superconductors and Related Transition Metal Oxides: Special Contributions in Honor of K. Alex Müller on the Occasion of his 80th Birthday, edited by Bussmann-Holder A, Keller H, pp 43–55, 2007

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D: These Are 13 Of The Hottest Places On Earth [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/these-are-13-of-the-hottest-places-on-earth/ [cited 2018 Oct 30]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Damiano ES: The effects of psychological stress on physical health over time. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L: Vote Against Banner Shows Divide on Speech in Schools. New York Times. A18, 2007

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)1046-6673
ISSN (online)1533-3450
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Nephrology

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