How to format your references using the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuntz M: Carbon cycle: a dent in carbon’s gold standard. Nature 477: 547–548, 2011
A journal article with 2 authors
Long Y, Wang J: Optically-controlled extinction ratio and Q-factor tunable silicon microring resonators based on optical forces. Sci. Rep. 4: 5409, 2014
A journal article with 3 authors
Brooks-Pollock E, Roberts GO, Keeling MJ: A dynamic model of bovine tuberculosis spread and control in Great Britain. Nature 511: 228–231, 2014
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li Y, Zhou J, Marchesoni F, Li B: Wave-packet rectification in nonlinear electronic systems: a tunable Aharonov-Bohm diode. Sci. Rep. 4: 4566, 2014

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen K: Performance Evaluation by Simulation and Analysis with Applications to Computer Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.;
An edited book
Demchenko AP, editor: Introduction to Fluorescence Sensing. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands;
A chapter in an edited book
Regine G, Atzori M, Fabbri R: Mdc in ecografia pediatrica e nello studio dei reflussi vescico-uretrali: «cistosonografia». In: Ecocontrastografia dell’apparato urinario, edited by Atzori M, Fabbri R, pp 45–54, 2012

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Scientist Spotlight: Frederick Sanger [Internet]. IFLScience. 2013 Available from: [cited 2018 Oct 30]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Health Care Access: Programs for Underserved Populations Could Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson BR: A correlational study: Parental involvement to student achievement in public education. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M: Jewish School Falls in Final. New York Times. SP2, 2012

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)1046-6673
ISSN (online)1533-3450
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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