How to format your references using the Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgan, J. V. (2008). Comment on “Determining chondritic impactor size from the marine osmium isotope record.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5893), 1158; author reply 1158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crombie, A. T., & Murrell, J. C. (2014). Trace-gas metabolic versatility of the facultative methanotroph Methylocella silvestris. Nature, 510(7503), 148–151.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su, D., Dou, S., & Wang, G. (2014). Single crystalline Co3O4 nanocrystals exposed with different crystal planes for Li-O2 batteries. Scientific Reports, 4, 5767.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pan, X., Eathiraj, S., Munson, M., & Lambright, D. G. (2006). TBC-domain GAPs for Rab GTPases accelerate GTP hydrolysis by a dual-finger mechanism. Nature, 442(7100), 303–306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou, C. (2013). Design and Analysis of Composite Structures. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Clerici, F. (2010). Il corpo in vetrina: Cura, immagine, benessere, consumo tra scienza dell’alimentazione e filosofia (A. Vanotti & F. Gabrielli, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiang, Y., Peng, D., & Yang, Z. (2015). Dependent Component Analysis Using Precoding. In D. Peng & Z. Yang (Eds.), Blind Source Separation: Dependent Component Analysis (pp. 73–90). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 30). The Internet Is Hooked On This Color Perception Quiz - How Did You Score? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Information Technology: An Audit Guide For Assessing Acquisition Risks (IMTEC-8.1.4). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oparnica, D. (2013). The role of nurses in health care reform: A project report [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 6). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton, in South Carolina, Shows He Is a Threat in the South. New York Times, 130.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morgan, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Crombie & Murrell, 2014; Morgan, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crombie & Murrell, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Su et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pan et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePeace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology
AbbreviationPeace Confl.
ISSN (print)1078-1919
ISSN (online)1532-7949
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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