How to format your references using the Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tilgner, E. (2002). Mantophasmatodea: a new insect order? Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5582), 731; discussion 731.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bjørnstad, O. N., & Grenfell, B. T. (2001). Noisy clockwork: time series analysis of population fluctuations in animals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5530), 638–643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunn, F. A., Lankheet, M. J., & Rieke, F. (2007). Light adaptation in cone vision involves switching between receptor and post-receptor sites. Nature, 449(7162), 603–606.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Niewoehner, W. A., Bergstrom, A., Eichele, D., Zuroff, M., & Clark, J. T. (2003). Digital analysis: Manual dexterity in Neanderthals. Nature, 422(6930), 395.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fiorenzani, S., Ravelli, S., & Edoli, E. (2012). The Handbook of Energy Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Figg, W. D., & Folkman, J. (Eds.). (2008). Angiogenesis: An Integrative Approach From Science to Medicine. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Atkinson, S. E., & Cornwell, C. (2014). Inference in Two-Step Panel Data Models with Time-Invariant Regressors: Bootstrap Versus Analytic Estimators. In R. C. Sickles & W. C. Horrace (Eds.), Festschrift in Honor of Peter Schmidt: Econometric Methods and Applications (pp. 103–124). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 26). Neutron Star In Stellar Nursery Could Be The Cause Of A Repeating Fast Radio Burst. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Information Technology: OMB Can More Effectively Use Its Investment Reviews (GAO-05-571T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rehman, J. L. (2012). Rape as religious terrorism and genocide the 1971 war between East and West Pakistan [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, March 26). Court Hears Arguments On Americans Held in Iraq. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tilgner, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bjørnstad & Grenfell, 2001; Tilgner, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bjørnstad & Grenfell, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Dunn et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Niewoehner et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePeace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology
AbbreviationPeace Confl.
ISSN (print)1078-1919
ISSN (online)1532-7949
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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