How to format your references using the Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Monack, D. M. (2011). Immunology: recognition of a unique partner. Nature, 477(7366), 543–544.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bezdek, R., & Wendling, R. (2005). Recruiters and industry. Job creation and environmental protection. Nature, 434(7033), 678.
A journal article with 3 authors
Forbes, J. M., Bruinsma, S., & Lemoine, F. G. (2006). Solar rotation effects on the thermospheres of Mars and Earth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5778), 1366–1368.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Niu, F., Silver, P. G., Nadeau, R. M., & McEvilly, T. V. (2003). Migration of seismic scatterers associated with the 1993 Parkfield aseismic transient event. Nature, 426(6966), 544–548.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhu, F. X. X., Hoehn, R., Thakkar, V., & Yuh, E. (2017). Hydroprocessing for Clean Energy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Glinz, M., & Heymans, P. (Eds.). (2009). Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality: 15th International Working Conference, REFSQ 2009 Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 8-9, 2009 Proceedings (Vol. 5512). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ratanavilisagul, C., & Kruatrachue, B. (2014). A Modified Particle Swarm Optimization with Dynamic Particles Re-initialization Period. In S. Boonkrong, H. Unger, & P. Meesad (Eds.), Recent Advances in Information and Communication Technology: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computing and Information Technology (IC2IT2014) (pp. 33–42). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 29). Inskip Beach Collapse: Just Don’t Call It A ‘Sinkhole.’ IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Spectrum Management: FCC’s Licensing Approach in the 11, 18, and 23 Gigahertz Bands Currently Supports Spectrum Availability and Efficiency (GAO-13-78R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, M. (2014). A graphic design curriculum development project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gabler, E., Fink, S., & Yee, V. (2017, September 23). A Preventable Descent Into Suffocating Chaos. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Monack, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bezdek & Wendling, 2005; Monack, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bezdek & Wendling, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Forbes et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Niu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePeace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology
AbbreviationPeace Confl.
ISSN (print)1078-1919
ISSN (online)1532-7949
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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