How to format your references using the DNA Repair citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DNA Repair. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.P. Zwane, Economics. Implications of scarcity, Science. 338 (2012) 617–618.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.L. Heilbron, W.F. Bynum, 1902 and all that, Nature. 415 (2002) 15–18.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.J. Javaux, A.H. Knoll, M.R. Walter, Morphological and ecological complexity in early eukaryotic ecosystems, Nature. 412 (2001) 66–69.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Ni, W.-Z. Zhang, J.-R. Qiu, F. Liu, M. Li, Y.-J. Zhang, Q. Liu, J. Bai, Association of ERCC1 and ERCC2 polymorphisms with colorectal cancer risk in a Chinese population, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4112.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Raynaud, K.J. Arrow, Managerial Logic, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
M. Charikar, K. Jansen, O. Reingold, J.D.P. Rolim, eds., Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques: 10th International Workshop, APPROX 2007, and 11th International Workshop, RANDOM 2007, Princeton, NJ, USA, August 20-22, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Bhattacharyya, U. Maulik, Target Tracking Using Fuzzy Hostility Induced Segmentation of Optical Flow Field, in: U. Maulik (Ed.), Soft Computing for Image and Multimedia Data Processing, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 97–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DNA Repair.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Turtles Evolved Shells To Help Them Dig, Not For Protection, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Curriculum Case Studies Are of Questionable Quality but Helped Precollege Curriculum Activities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.M. Smith, Meanings of “design” in instructional technology: A conceptual analysis based on the field’s foundational literature, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Seymour, How About a Nightcap?, New York Times. (2015) BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDNA Repair
AbbreviationDNA Repair (Amst.)
ISSN (print)1568-7864
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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