How to format your references using the DNA Repair citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DNA Repair. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Wyatt, High-energy colliders and the rise of the standard model, Nature. 448 (2007) 274–280.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Izawa, J. Pines, The mitotic checkpoint complex binds a second CDC20 to inhibit active APC/C, Nature. 517 (2015) 631–634.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.L.T. Rohde, S. Olson, J.T. Chang, Modelling the recent common ancestry of all living humans, Nature. 431 (2004) 562–566.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Jiang, X. Fan, W.N. Brandt, C.L. Carilli, E. Egami, D.C. Hines, J.D. Kurk, G.T. Richards, Y. Shen, M.A. Strauss, M. Vestergaard, F. Walter, Dust-free quasars in the early Universe, Nature. 464 (2010) 380–383.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.W. Leis, Digital Signal Processing Using MATLAB for Students and Researchers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
S.M.N. Islam, Performance Measurement in Corporate Governance: DEA Modelling and Implications for Organisational Behaviour and Supply Chain Management, Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Mills, G. Parry, V. Purchase, Towards Understanding the Value of the Client’s Aspirations and Fears in Complex, Long-term Service Contracts, in: I. Ng, G. Parry, P. Wild, D. McFarlane, P. Tasker (Eds.), Complex Engineering Service Systems: Concepts and Research, Springer, London, 2011: pp. 87–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DNA Repair.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Venus May Have Had Oceans Of Carbon Dioxide, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, GAO’s Review of Federal Efforts To Reduce Asbestos Hazards in Schools, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Rossi, Anesthesiology, geriatric surgery, and the risk of post-operative cognitive dysfunction, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.D. Shear, ‘I’m President and They’re Not’: Trump Attack Brings Crowd to Its Feet, New York Times. (2017) A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDNA Repair
AbbreviationDNA Repair (Amst.)
ISSN (print)1568-7864
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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