How to format your references using the DNA Repair citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for DNA Repair. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Mims, Life in science: Generation X-change, Nature. 467 (2010) S16-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.L. Levine, C.H. June, Perspective: assembly line immunotherapy, Nature. 498 (2013) S17.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.V. Hooper, D.R. Littman, A.J. Macpherson, Interactions between the microbiota and the immune system, Science. 336 (2012) 1268–1273.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N.L. Hiller, S. Bhattacharjee, C. van Ooij, K. Liolios, T. Harrison, C. Lopez-Estraño, K. Haldar, A host-targeting signal in virulence proteins reveals a secretome in malarial infection, Science. 306 (2004) 1934–1937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E.G. Sinaiski, Hydromechanics, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
An edited book
M. Schwab, ed., Encyclopedia of Cancer, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
C.S.F. Bah, E.F. Fang, T.B. Ng, Medicinal Applications of Plant Lectins, in: E.F. Fang, T.B. Ng (Eds.), Antitumor Potential and Other Emerging Medicinal Properties of Natural Compounds, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013: pp. 55–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for DNA Repair.

Blog post
S. Luntz, How Our Ancestors First Used Fire To Shape Tools 70,000 Years Ago, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Energy R&D: DOE’s Allocation of Funds for Basic and Applied Research and Development, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y. Tang, Structure tailored properties and functionalities of zero-dimensional nanostructures, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Hubbard, Another Casualty of the Syrian War: Drinking Water in Damascus, New York Times. (2017) A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDNA Repair
AbbreviationDNA Repair (Amst.)
ISSN (print)1568-7864
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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