How to format your references using the Lexicography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lexicography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, V. M. 2001. Biomedicine. Tauists and beta-aptists united--well almost! Science (New York, N.Y.) 293: 1446–1447.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nowak, Martin A., and Karl Sigmund. 2004. Evolutionary dynamics of biological games. Science (New York, N.Y.) 303: 793–799.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gambetta, Maria Cristina, Katarzyna Oktaba, and Jürg Müller. 2009. Essential role of the glycosyltransferase sxc/Ogt in polycomb repression. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 93–96.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jia, Haiying, Yunfei Guo, Weiwei Zhao, and Kai Wang. 2014. Long-range PCR in next-generation sequencing: comparison of six enzymes and evaluation on the MiSeq sequencer. Scientific reports 4: 5737.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens, Hugo S. L. C. 2012. Performance Based Building Design 2. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Valmari, Antti, ed. 2006. Model Checking Software: 13th International SPIN Workshop, Vienna, Austria, March 30 - April 1, 2006. Proceedings. Vol. 3925. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Yunqiang, and Yong Rui. 2006. Real Time Object Tracking in Video Sequences. In Interactive Video: Algorithms and Technologies, ed. Riad I. Hammoud, 67–88. Signals and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lexicography.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Hundreds Of Meteors Will Light Up The Night Sky Tonight. IFLScience. IFLScience. December 12.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Motor Vehicle Regulations: Regulatory Cost Estimates Could Be Improved. RCED-92-110. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dalbey, Spencer B. 2017. Celebrity Endorsements and Voting Intentions: The Role of Liking and Preference for Consistency. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2013. Lessons From a Master Shopper. New York Times, December 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lee 2001; Nowak and Sigmund 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nowak and Sigmund 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Jia et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLexicography
ISSN (print)2197-4292
ISSN (online)2197-4306

Other styles