How to format your references using the Lexicography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lexicography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, Virginia. 2005. High-energy career lines. Nature 434: 936–937.
A journal article with 2 authors
Restuccia, David F., and Brian A. Hemmings. 2009. Cell signaling. Blocking Akt-ivity. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 1083–1084.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rozin, Paul, Jonathan Haidt, and Katrina Fincher. 2009. Psychology. From oral to moral. Science (New York, N.Y.) 323: 1179–1180.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cruz-Monserrate, Zobeida, Christina L. Roland, Defeng Deng, Thiruvengadam Arumugam, Anna Moshnikova, Oleg A. Andreev, Yana K. Reshetnyak, and Craig D. Logsdon. 2014. Targeting pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma acidic microenvironment. Scientific reports 4: 4410.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pavlović, Tatjana, Inmaculada Alvarez, Rosana Blanco-Cano, Anitra Grisales, Alejandra Osorio, and Alejandra Sánchez. 2008. 100 Years of Spanish Cinema. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Carena, Marcelo J., ed. 2009. Cereals. Vol. 3. Handbook of Plant Breeding. New York, NY: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Bera, Sahadev, Arindam Biswas, and Bhargab B. Bhattacharya. 2014. A Fast Digital-Geometric Approach for Granulometric Image Analysis. In Recent Advances in Information Technology: RAIT-2014 Proceedings, ed. G. P. Biswas and Sushanta Mukhopadhyay, 37–47. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lexicography.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. Researchers Confirm Those With Depression Experience “Fuzzy Thinking.” IFLScience. IFLScience. May 9.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1970. Educational Programs in the Public Schools of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. 092764. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrow, Steven T. 2012. Coboundary theorems for collections of random variables with moment conditions. Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. 2016. In the Better of Two Hereafters, but Still Crabby About It. New York Times, September 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin 2005; Restuccia and Hemmings 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Restuccia and Hemmings 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Cruz-Monserrate et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLexicography
ISSN (print)2197-4292
ISSN (online)2197-4306

Other styles