How to format your references using the Lexicography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lexicography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall, Eliot. 2008. Clinical trials and tribulations. Lemons, oranges, and complexity. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322: 209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, B. B., and S. J. Elledge. 2000. The DNA damage response: putting checkpoints in perspective. Nature 408: 433–439.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, Zachary Lee, Cheom-Gil Cheong, and Seok-Yong Lee. 2012. Crystal structure of a concentrative nucleoside transporter from Vibrio cholerae at 2.4 Å. Nature 483: 489–493.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gerton, J. M., D. Strekalov, I. Prodan, and R. G. Hulet. 2000. Direct observation of growth and collapse of a Bose-Einstein condensate with attractive interactions. Nature 408: 692–695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leung, Mei-Yung, Isabelle Yee Shan Chan, and Cary L. Cooper. 2014. Stress Management in the Construction Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
He, Xiaofei, Xinbo Gao, Yanning Zhang, Zhi-Hua Zhou, Zhi-Yong Liu, Baochuan Fu, Fuyuan Hu, and Zhancheng Zhang, ed. 2015. Intelligence Science and Big Data Engineering. Big Data and Machine Learning Techniques: 5th International Conference, IScIDE 2015, Suzhou, China, June 14-16, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Part II. Vol. 9243. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Martin, Matthew J. 2011. To Operate or Image? (Pulling the Trigger). In Front Line Surgery: A Practical Approach, ed. Matthew J. Martin and Alec C. Beekley, 59–66. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lexicography.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. Tilikum, The Orca From The Documentary BlackFish, Has Died. IFLScience. IFLScience. January 6.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends and Key Issues Affecting Federal Oversight and International Competitiveness. GAO-11-629T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Xiao, Elizabeth A. 2017. Understanding Employment to Entrepreneurship Transitions among Women Working in the Tech Industry. Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. 2017. HBO’s ‘Veep’ to End In 2018 After 7 Seasons. New York Times, September 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marshall 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Zhou and Elledge 2000; Marshall 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou and Elledge 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Gerton et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleLexicography
ISSN (print)2197-4292
ISSN (online)2197-4306

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