How to format your references using the Lexicography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lexicography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, Jocelyn. 2005. American Society of Gene Therapy meeting. Retroviral vectors: a double-edged sword. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 1735–1736.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fukami, Tadashi, and Peter J. Morin. 2003. Productivity-biodiversity relationships depend on the history of community assembly. Nature 424: 423–426.
A journal article with 3 authors
Healy, Laura L., James G. Cronin, and I. Martin Sheldon. 2014. Endometrial cells sense and react to tissue damage during infection of the bovine endometrium via interleukin 1. Scientific reports 4: 7060.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lederbogen, Florian, Peter Kirsch, Leila Haddad, Fabian Streit, Heike Tost, Philipp Schuch, Stefan Wüst, et al. 2011. City living and urban upbringing affect neural social stress processing in humans. Nature 474: 498–501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larkin, Richard F., and Marie DiTommaso. 2015. Wiley Not-for-Profit GAAP 2015. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Geller, Walter, Martin Schultze, Robert Kleinmann, and Christian Wolkersdorfer, ed. 2013. Acidic Pit Lakes: The Legacy of Coal and Metal Surface Mines. Environmental Science and Engineering, Environmental Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Franklin, Robin J. M., Chao Zhao, Catherine Lubetzki, and Charles ffrench-Constant. 2013. Endogenous Remyelination in the CNS. In Myelin Repair and Neuroprotection in Multiple Sclerosis, ed. Ian D. Duncan and Robin J. M. Franklin, 71–92. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lexicography.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Can You Learn to Taste and Smell the Letter B? IFLScience. IFLScience. June 30.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Technology Development: Future Use of NASA’s Large Format Camera Is Uncertain. NSIAD-90-142. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guzman, Fabiola. 2013. Terra Forming with You and Me. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2001. Hoping That Holiday Trees Will Change a Now Bleak View. New York Times, November 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Fukami and Morin 2003; Kaiser 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fukami and Morin 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lederbogen et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleLexicography
ISSN (print)2197-4292
ISSN (online)2197-4306

Other styles