How to format your references using the Lexicography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lexicography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weissman, Jonathan. 2009. Journal club. A biochemist looks at how DNA sequencing can reveal more than just sequences. Nature 461: 1177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gillespie, P. G., and R. G. Walker. 2001. Molecular basis of mechanosensory transduction. Nature 413: 194–202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Faehnle, Christopher R., Jack Walleshauser, and Leemor Joshua-Tor. 2014. Mechanism of Dis3l2 substrate recognition in the Lin28-let-7 pathway. Nature 514: 252–256.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhao, Yicheng, Zhen Dai, Yang Liang, Ming Yin, Kuiying Ma, Mei He, Hongsheng Ouyang, and Chun-Bo Teng. 2014. Sequence-specific inhibition of microRNA via CRISPR/CRISPRi system. Scientific reports 4: 3943.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Molloy, Maureen, and Wendy Larner. 2013. Fashioning Globalisation. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Cheng, May M. H., and Winnie W. M. So, ed. 2011. Science Education in International Contexts. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Hampp, R., A. Hartmann, and U. Nehls. 2012. The Rhizosphere: Molecular Interactions Between Microorganisms and Roots. In Growth and Defence in Plants: Resource Allocation at Multiple Scales, ed. Rainer Matyssek, Hans Schnyder, Wolfgang Oßwald, Dieter Ernst, Jean Charles Munch, and Hans Pretzsch, 111–139. Ecological Studies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lexicography.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. How We Discovered ‘Impossible’ Material That Both Conducts Electrity – And Doesn’t. IFLScience. IFLScience. July 10.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Traffic Congestion: Road Pricing Can Help Reduce Congestion, but Equity Concerns May Grow. GAO-12-119. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, Brian Ray. 2009. A correlational study: Parental involvement to student achievement in public education. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bidgood, Jess. 2017. In Storm-Filled Season, Hurricane Nate Is Greeted With Relief. New York Times, October 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weissman 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gillespie and Walker 2001; Weissman 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gillespie and Walker 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLexicography
ISSN (print)2197-4292
ISSN (online)2197-4306

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