How to format your references using the Pathologie Biologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pathologie Biologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Veltman C. Genesis of a high-tech hub. Nature 2003;426:700–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Durst AC, Girvin SM. Physics. Cooking a two-dimensional electron gas with microwaves. Science 2004;304:1752–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li J, Han D, Zhao Y-P. Kinetic behaviour of the cells touching substrate: the interfacial stiffness guides cell spreading. Sci Rep 2014;4:3910.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mori T, Koyama Y, Maeda N, Nakamura Y, Fujishima Y, Matsuda K, et al. Ultrastructural localization of adiponectin protein in vasculature of normal and atherosclerotic mice. Sci Rep 2014;4:4895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
zur Hausen H. Infections Causing Human Cancer. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
Liu B, Ma M, Chang J, editors. Information Computing and Applications: Third International Conference, ICICA 2012, Chengde, China, September 14-16, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 7473. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Luquet D, Rebolledo C, Rouan L, Soulie J-C, Dingkuhn M. Heuristic Exploration of Theoretical Margins for Improving Adaptation of Rice through Crop-Model Assisted Phenotyping. In: Yin X, Struik PC, editors. Crop Systems Biology: Narrowing the gaps between crop modelling and genetics, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 105–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pathologie Biologie.

Blog post
Davis J. M&M-Spewing Drones Employed To Tackle The Plague In Endangered Ferrets. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Earth Observing System: NASA’s EOSDIS Development Approach Is Risky. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ding H. Mode of Action for Hexavalent Chromium Carcinogenicity in Drinking Water. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sutherland J. He Loved Opium, Murder and Wordsworth. New York Times 2016:BR22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePathologie Biologie
ISSN (print)0369-8114

Other styles