How to format your references using the Pathologie Biologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pathologie Biologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E. Safety panel backs principle of gene-therapy trials. Nature 2002;420:595.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin T, Ruf I. Paleontology. On the mammalian ear. Science 2009;326:243–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Frank MJ, Seeberger LC, O’reilly RC. By carrot or by stick: cognitive reinforcement learning in parkinsonism. Science 2004;306:1940–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
de Riedmatten H, Afzelius M, Staudt MU, Simon C, Gisin N. A solid-state light-matter interface at the single-photon level. Nature 2008;456:773–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Hara BT, Malisow B. CCSP® (ISC) 2® Certified Cloud Security Professional Official Study Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Erfurt-Cooper P, editor. Volcanic Tourist Destinations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Turner D. Privatisation, Decentralisation, and Education in the United Kingdom: The Role of the State. In: Zajda J, editor. Decentralisation and Privatisation in Education: The Role of the State, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006, p. 97–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pathologie Biologie.

Blog post
Andrew E. Space Geckos May Be Safe After All As Russia Regains Control Of Sex Satellite. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Head Start: Comprehensive Approach to Identifying and Addressing Risks Could Help Prevent Grantee Financial Management Weaknesses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thom RR. Beyond the numbers: A phenomenological study of intangible assets for small manufacturing business valuation. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Old Pro Matsui Comes Through At the New Park. New York Times 2009:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePathologie Biologie
ISSN (print)0369-8114

Other styles