How to format your references using the Fungal Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond, J., 2010. Social science. The benefits of multilingualism. Science 330, 332–333.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joly, P.-B., Rip, A., 2007. A timely harvest. Nature 450, 174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tagkopoulos, I., Liu, Y.-C., Tavazoie, S., 2008. Predictive behavior within microbial genetic networks. Science 320, 1313–1317.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sahai, R., Morris, M., Knapp, G.R., Young, K., Barnbaum, C., 2003. A collimated, high-speed outflow from the dying star V Hydrae. Nature 426, 261–264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matloff, R., Chaillou, J.H., 2013. Nonprofit Investment and Development Solutions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rosenberg, D., 2005. Agile Development with ICONIX Process: People, Process, and Pragmatism. A-Press, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Johnson, L.L., Bass, T., Hicks, M., 2014. Creating Critical Spaces for Youth Activists, in: Paugh, P., Kress, T., Lake, R. (Eds.), Teaching towards Democracy with Postmodern and Popular Culture Texts. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 37–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Ecology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Chemotherapy Drug Can Replace Immunity Suppression [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Ocean Mining Technology Transfer (Best available copy) (No. B-205876). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clavio, G., 2008. Uses and gratifications of Internet collegiate sport message board users (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2017. While Nashville Parties, the Predators Cut Loose. New York Times SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamond, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond, 2010; Joly and Rip, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Joly and Rip, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Sahai et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Ecology
AbbreviationFungal Ecol.
ISSN (print)1754-5048
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Ecological Modelling

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