How to format your references using the Fungal Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levine, A.G., 2008. Science careers. Finance’s quant(um) mechanics. Science 322, 1264–1265.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michalski, J.R., Bleacher, J.E., 2013. Supervolcanoes within an ancient volcanic province in Arabia Terra, Mars. Nature 502, 47–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aurelio, O., Hall, D.H., Hobert, O., 2002. Immunoglobulin-domain proteins required for maintenance of ventral nerve cord organization. Science 295, 686–690.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, P.N., Callaerts, P., De Couet, H.G., Martindale, M.Q., 2003. Cephalopod Hox genes and the origin of morphological novelties. Nature 424, 1061–1065.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, F.B., 2015. Patient Studies in Valvular, Congenital, and Rarer Forms of Cardiovascular Disease. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Shin, J.C., Postiglione, G.A., Huang, F. (Eds.), 2015. Mass Higher Education Development in East Asia: Strategy, Quality, and Challenges, Knowledge Studies in Higher Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lew Yan Voon, L.C., Willatzen, M., 2009. Perturbation Theory – Kane Models, in: Lew Yan Voon, L.C. (Ed.), The k p Method: Electronic Properties of Semiconductors. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 55–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. The crab-castrating parasite that zombifies its prey [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Transportation Infrastructure: Advantages and Disadvantages of Wrap-Up Insurance for Large Construction Projects (No. RCED-99-155). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vega Aguirre, J.C., 2008. Study of small business leadership as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hofmann, M., 2017. Personality Is Everything. New York Times BR16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levine, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Levine, 2008; Michalski and Bleacher, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Michalski and Bleacher, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Ecology
AbbreviationFungal Ecol.
ISSN (print)1754-5048
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Ecological Modelling

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