How to format your references using the Fungal Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parks, J.E., 2nd, 2010. Chemistry. Less costly catalysts for controlling engine emissions. Science 327, 1584–1585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wohlers, A., Wood, B.J., 2015. A Mercury-like component of early Earth yields uranium in the core and high mantle (142)Nd. Nature 520, 337–340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishiyama, T., Ohsumi, K., Kishimoto, T., 2007. Phosphorylation of Erp1 by p90rsk is required for cytostatic factor arrest in Xenopus laevis eggs. Nature 446, 1096–1099.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shen, X., Xiao, H., Ranallo, R., Wu, W.-H., Wu, C., 2003. Modulation of ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling complexes by inositol polyphosphates. Science 299, 112–114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deacon, M., Derry, A., Mirfendereski, D., 2004. Inflation-indexed Securities. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Kearney, A. (Ed.), 2011. Exclusion from and Within School: Issues and Solutions, Studies In Inclusive Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Coelho da Silva, T.L., Neto, A.C.A., Magalhães, R.P., de Farias, V.A.E., de Macêdo, J.A.F., Machado, J.C., 2015. Towards an Efficient and Distributed DBSCAN Algorithm Using MapReduce, in: Cordeiro, J., Hammoudi, S., Maciaszek, L., Camp, O., Filipe, J. (Eds.), Enterprise Information Systems: 16th International Conference, ICEIS 2014, Lisbon, Portugal, April 27-30, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 75–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Ecology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Renewable Energy Accounted For Over Half Of All Global Power Capacity For First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Federal Research: Super Collider Is Over Budget and Behind Schedule (No. RCED-93-87). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nagarajan, S., 2009. Migration, remittances, and household health: Evidence from South Africa (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. Give My Regards To E Street. New York Times AR37.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parks, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Parks, 2010; Wohlers and Wood, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wohlers and Wood, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Ecology
AbbreviationFungal Ecol.
ISSN (print)1754-5048
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Ecological Modelling

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