How to format your references using the Fungal Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sterner, T., 2015. Economics: Higher costs of climate change. Nature 527, 177–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freed, A.M., Lin, J., 2001. Delayed triggering of the 1999 Hector Mine earthquake by viscoelastic stress transfer. Nature 411, 180–183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kotiaho, J.S., Simmons, L.W., Tomkins, J.L., 2001. Towards a resolution of the lek paradox. Nature 410, 684–686.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Quintyne, N.J., Reing, J.E., Hoffelder, D.R., Gollin, S.M., Saunders, W.S., 2005. Spindle multipolarity is prevented by centrosomal clustering. Science 307, 127–129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McEvily, A.J., 2013. Metal Failures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Preedy, V.R., Patel, V.B. (Eds.), 2015. Biomarkers in Cancer, Biomarkers in Disease: Methods, Discoveries and Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bache, R.J., 2015. Coronary Artery Disease: Regulation of Coronary Blood Flow, in: Willerson, J.T., Holmes, D.R., Jr. (Eds.), Coronary Artery Disease, Cardiovascular Medicine. Springer, London, pp. 57–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Ecology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Researchers Figure Out The “Golden Rule” Of Internet Dating [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Status and Issues Relating to the Space Transportation System (No. PSAD-76-73). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter, K.E., 2009. The use of boron-doped diamond film electrodes for the oxidative degradation of perfluorooctane sulfonate and trichloroethylene (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J., 2016. Counting Green: How to Measure Your Carbon Tire Print. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sterner, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Freed and Lin, 2001; Sterner, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freed and Lin, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Quintyne et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Ecology
AbbreviationFungal Ecol.
ISSN (print)1754-5048
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Ecological Modelling

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