How to format your references using the Fungal Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Javanainen, J., 2005. Physics. Bose-Einstein condensates interfere and survive. Science 307, 1883–1885.
A journal article with 2 authors
Piketty, T., Saez, E., 2014. Inequality in the long run. Science 344, 838–843.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richard, D., Clanet, C., Quéré, D., 2002. Contact time of a bouncing drop. Nature 417, 811.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lebreton, A., Tomecki, R., Dziembowski, A., Séraphin, B., 2008. Endonucleolytic RNA cleavage by a eukaryotic exosome. Nature 456, 993–996.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quesnel, F., 2014. Scheduling of Large-Scale Virtualized Infrastructures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ishai, Y. (Ed.), 2011. Theory of Cryptography: 8th Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2011, Providence, RI, USA, March 28-30, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Villahoz, J.J.L., del Olmo Martínez, R., Arauzo, A.A., 2010. Combinatorial Auctions for Coordination and Control of Manufacturing MAS: Updating Prices Methods, in: Corchado, E., Novais, P., Analide, C., Sedano, J. (Eds.), Soft Computing Models in Industrial and Environmental Applications, 5th International Workshop (SOCO 2010), Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 27–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Ecology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Humanity Is Not Ready To Face Off Against Asteroids Yet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Costs of Government Funded Trips for Invitees To Attend Space Shuttle Launches at Kennedy Space Center, Florida (No. NSIAD-84-77). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pearson, D., 2014. A High-Level Fuzzy Logic Guidance System for an Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) Tasked to Perform an Autonomous Launch and Recovery (ALR) of an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV) (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2003. Never-Never Land. New York Times 141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Javanainen, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Javanainen, 2005; Piketty and Saez, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Piketty and Saez, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lebreton et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Ecology
AbbreviationFungal Ecol.
ISSN (print)1754-5048
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Ecological Modelling

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