How to format your references using the Fungal Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sansom, M., 2012. Louise Johnson (1940-2012). Nature 490, 488.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schulz, C., Rehling, P., 2014. Cell biology. Powering the cell cycle. Science 346, 1059–1060.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tilman, D., Reich, P.B., Knops, J.M.H., 2006. Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment. Nature 441, 629–632.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Horjus, D.L., Nieuwland, R., Boateng, K.B., Schaap, M.C.L., van Montfrans, G.A., Clark, J.F., Sturk, A., Brewster, L.M., 2014. Creatine kinase inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation. Sci. Rep. 4, 6551.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carrasco, R.A., Johnston, M., 2008. Non-Binary Error Control Coding for Wireless Communication and Data Storage. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Zeng, Z., 2015. Dendritic Cells: Biophysics, Tumor Microenvironment and Chinese Traditional Medicine, SpringerBriefs in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, J.J., Glenn, E.P., Smith, S.E., 2014. Feasibility of Halophyte Domestication for High-Salinity Agriculture, in: Khan, M.A., Böer, B., Öztürk, M., Abdessalaam, T.Z.A., Clüsener-Godt, M., Gul, B. (Eds.), Sabkha Ecosystems: Volume IV: Cash Crop Halophyte and Biodiversity Conservation, Tasks for Vegetation Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 73–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Ecology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Researchers Have Found The Bacteria Responsible For The Great Plague Of London [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Several Challenges Could Arise in Administering a Subsidy Program for DTV Equipment (No. GAO-05-623T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mickey, J., 2017. Random Linear Network Coding with Added Prefix Bits (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., 2017. Google Yields To Regulators In Eurozone. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sansom, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Sansom, 2012; Schulz and Rehling, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schulz and Rehling, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Horjus et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Ecology
AbbreviationFungal Ecol.
ISSN (print)1754-5048
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science
Ecological Modelling

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