How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Family Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Family Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Service RF. Structural biology. Protein structure initiative: phase 3 or phase out. Science. 2008;319:1610–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ziauddin J, Sabatini DM. Microarrays of cells expressing defined cDNAs. Nature. 2001;411:107–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Paul JW, West JP, Gitler AD. Cell Biology. Clogging information flow in ALS. Science. 2014;345:1118–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kufer SK, Puchner EM, Gumpp H, Liedl T, Gaub HE. Single-molecule cut-and-paste surface assembly. Science. 2008;319:594–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pardoe I. Applied Regression Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Yli-Jyrä A, Kornai A, Sakarovitch J, Watson B, editors. Finite-State Methods and Natural Language Processing: 8th International Workshop, FSMNLP 2009, Pretoria, South Africa, July 21-24, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Levin I. The Role of Hebrew Letter Names in Early Literacy: The Case of Multi-phonemic Acrophonic Names. In: Aram D, Korat O, editors. Literacy Development and Enhancement Across Orthographies and Cultures. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. p. 55–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Family Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Human Stem Cells Successfully Implanted In Pigs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/human-stem-cells-successfully-implanted-pigs/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Management Improvements Are Essential to VA’s Second Effort to Replace Its Outpatient Scheduling System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 May. Report No.: GAO-10-579.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Little JL. The effects of a financial literacy intervention on teachers’ financial literacy, awareness, and advocacy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Robbins L. Despite ‘Sanctuary City’ Policy, Mayor Says New York Complies With U.S. Law. New York Times. 2017 Jun 29;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Family Medicine
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Fam. Med.
ISSN (online)1447-056X
ScopeFamily Practice
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles