How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Family Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Family Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Herzfeld C. How the change agent has changed. Nature. 2008;451:403–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tabin CJ, McMahon AP. Developmental biology. Grasping limb patterning. Science. 2008;321:350–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Xu X, Zhou Z, Wang X. The smallest known non-avian theropod dinosaur. Nature. 2000;408:705–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Han X, Wang C-T, Bai J, Chapman ER, Jackson MB. Transmembrane segments of syntaxin line the fusion pore of Ca2+-triggered exocytosis. Science. 2004;304:289–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lehr J, Ron P. Foundations of Pulsed Power Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Maier R. Enterprise Knowledge Infrastructures. Hädrich T, Peinl R, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hawley TS. Self-Study Methodology as a Means Toward Ongoing Rationale Development and Refinement. In: Crowe AR, editor. Advancing Social Studies Education through Self-Study Methodology: The Power, Promise, and Use of Self-Study in Social Studies Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 55–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Family Medicine.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Galactic Merger Spotted in a Protocluster 12.5 Billion Light-Years Away [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/galactic-merger-spotted-protocluster-125-billion-light-years-away/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Bus Rapid Transit: Projects Improve Transit Service and Can Contribute to Economic Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jul. Report No.: GAO-12-811.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Carlson L. From Albéniz to Arbós: The orchestration of “Iberia” [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Justices, in Bias Case, Rule for Older Workers. New York Times. 2008 Jun 20;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Family Medicine
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Fam. Med.
ISSN (online)1447-056X
ScopeFamily Practice
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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