How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Family Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Family Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Recupero DR. Computer science. Toward a green Internet. Science. 2013;339:1533–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Betts JR, Atkinson RC. Education. Better research needed on the impact of charter schools. Science. 2012;335:171–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Stevens RC, Yokoyama S, Wilson IA. Global efforts in structural genomics. Science. 2001;294:89–92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Draper-Joyce CJ, Khoshouei M, Thal DM, Liang Y-L, Nguyen ATN, Furness SGB, et al. Structure of the adenosine-bound human adenosine A1 receptor-Gi complex. Nature. 2018;558:559–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hull B. Manufacturing Best Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Guveli A. Intergenerational Consequences of Migration: Socio-economic, Family and Cultural Patterns of Stability and Change in Turkey and Europe. Ganzeboom HBG, Platt L, Nauck B, Baykara-Krumme H, Eroğlu Ş, Bayrakdar S, et al., editors. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pincock C. Mathematical Structural Realism. In: Bokulich A, Bokulich P, editors. Scientific Structuralism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 67–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Family Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Elon Musk’s High-Speed Hyperloop Train Makes More Sense For Mars Than California. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Alternatives for the Bureau of Indian Affairs Public School Financial Assistance Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Sep. Report No.: CED-79-112.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hartley DL. Transnational jazz and blues: Aural aesthetics and African diasporic fiction [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Theater; Cue the Mayhem: Gogol Returns. New York Times. 2017 May 24;AR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Family Medicine
AbbreviationAsia Pac. Fam. Med.
ISSN (online)1447-056X
ScopeFamily Practice
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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