How to format your references using the Pastoral Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pastoral Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morris, M. R. (2004). Astronomy. Glimpsing matter at the brink. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5671), 689–692.
A journal article with 2 authors
Inoue, J., & Ohno, H. (2005). Physics. Taking the hall effect for a spin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5743), 2004–2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Diddams, S. A., Hollberg, L., & Mbele, V. (2007). Molecular fingerprinting with the resolved modes of a femtosecond laser frequency comb. Nature, 445(7128), 627–630.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, X., Yu, Z., Dong, H., & Chen, H.-F. (2014). A less or more dusty future in the Northern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau? Scientific reports, 4, 6672.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zack, G. M. (2012). Financial Statement Fraud. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Manolopoulos, Y., Trajcevski, G., & Kon-Popovska, M. (Eds.). (2014). Advances in Databases and Information Systems: 18th East European Conference, ADBIS 2014, Ohrid, Macedonia, September 7-10, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8716). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fujishiro, T., Kobayashi, H., & Bauer, T. W. (2008). Autograft Bone. In W. S. Pietrzak (Ed.), Musculoskeletal Tissue Regeneration: Biological Materials and Methods (pp. 65–79). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pastoral Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, April 2). Did Humans Coexist with Saber Cats? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Federally Funded R&D Centers: Use of Contract Fee by The Aerospace Corporation (No. NSIAD-95-174). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ziv, A. (2014). Dynamics in interactions with digital technology: A depth psychological/theoretical exploration of the evolutionary-biological, symbolic, and emotional psyche in the digital age (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2015, October 20). A Subatomic Existential Crisis. New York Times, p. D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morris 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Inoue and Ohno 2005; Morris 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Inoue and Ohno 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePastoral Psychology
AbbreviationPastoral Psychol.
ISSN (print)0031-2789
ISSN (online)1573-6679
ScopeReligious studies
Applied Psychology
Social Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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