How to format your references using the Pastoral Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pastoral Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wright, A. (2002). Art: Imagine space. Nature, 419(6906), 446.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cannon, C. P., & Cannon, P. J. (2012). Physiology. COX-2 inhibitors and cardiovascular risk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6087), 1386–1387.
A journal article with 3 authors
Serizawa, T., Hamada, K.-I., & Akashi, M. (2004). Polymerization within a molecular-scale stereoregular template. Nature, 429(6987), 52–55.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wille, M., Nägler, T. F., Lehmann, B., Schröder, S., & Kramers, J. D. (2008). Hydrogen sulphide release to surface waters at the Precambrian/Cambrian boundary. Nature, 453(7196), 767–769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jelaska, D. (2012). Gears and Gear Drives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ehrenfeld, J. M., Urman, R. D., & Segal, S. (Eds.). (2010). Anesthesia Student Survival Guide: A Case-Based Approach. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grassom, B. (2016). Dream and Semblance: The Play of Art and Life. In A.-T. Tymieniecka & P. Trutty-Coohill (Eds.), The Cosmos and the Creative Imagination (pp. 59–71). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pastoral Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 16). From Newton To Einstein: The Origins Of General Relativity. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Information Technology: Better Management of Interdependencies between Programs Supporting 2020 Census Is Needed (No. GAO-16-623). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abdeljaber, S. R. (2015). High school mathematics teachers’ perceptions of mathematics education in northwest Florida (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. (2017, October 4). Europe Moves to Collect Taxes From Tech Giants. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wright 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cannon and Cannon 2012; Wright 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cannon and Cannon 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Wille et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePastoral Psychology
AbbreviationPastoral Psychol.
ISSN (print)0031-2789
ISSN (online)1573-6679
ScopeReligious studies
Applied Psychology
Social Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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