How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Borak, A. Applied Physics. Toward Bridging the Terahertz Gap with Silicon-Based Lasers. Science 2005, 308 (5722), 638–639.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fratzl, P.; Barth, F. G. Biomaterial Systems for Mechanosensing and Actuation. Nature 2009, 462 (7272), 442–448.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reyners, M.; Eberhart-Phillips, D.; Stuart, G. The Role of Fluids in Lower-Crustal Earthquakes near Continental Rifts. Nature 2007, 446 (7139), 1075–1078.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Aulanier, G.; Golub, L.; Deluca, E. E.; Cirtain, J. W.; Kano, R.; Lundquist, L. L.; Narukage, N.; Sakao, T.; Weber, M. A. Slipping Magnetic Reconnection in Coronal Loops. Science 2007, 318 (5856), 1588–1591.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Durbin, P. A.; Reif, B. A. P. Statistical Theory and Modeling for Turbulent Flows; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Emmons, H. Flow Shop Scheduling: Theoretical Results, Algorithms, and Applications; Vairaktarakis, G., Ed.; International Series in Operations Research & Management Science; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2013; Vol. 182.
A chapter in an edited book
Kana‘iaupuni, S. M.; Else, I. Ola Ka Inoa (The Name Lives). In Learning in Cultural Context: Family, Peers, and School; Martini, M. I., Ed.; International and Cultural Psychology Series; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2005; pp 109–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. There Could Be An Enormous Secret Concealed Within Tutankhamun’s Tomb (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Advanced Technologies: Strengthened Federal Approach Needed to Help Identify and Mitigate Supply Risks for Critical Raw Materials; GAO-16-699; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Contreras, A. G. A Reproductive Health Program for the Latino Adolescent Community: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. Debate on Pulling Back From Paris Climate Deal Could Turn on a Single Phrase. New York Times. May 2, 2017, p A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Theory and Computation
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Theory Comput.
ISSN (print)1549-9618
ISSN (online)1549-9626
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Computer Science Applications

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