How to format your references using the Particuology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Particuology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J. (2000). SCIENCE EDUCATION: Ehlers Bill Wins Bipartisan Backing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5480), 713a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waitukaitis, S. R., & Jaeger, H. M. (2012). Impact-activated solidification of dense suspensions via dynamic jamming fronts. Nature, 487(7406), 205–209.
A journal article with 3 authors
Callier, V., Clack, J. A., & Ahlberg, P. E. (2009). Contrasting developmental trajectories in the earliest known tetrapod forelimbs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5925), 364–367.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Voets, T., Droogmans, G., Wissenbach, U., Janssens, A., Flockerzi, V., & Nilius, B. (2004). The principle of temperature-dependent gating in cold- and heat-sensitive TRP channels. Nature, 430(7001), 748–754.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasternak, H., Hoch, H.-U., & Füg, D. (2010). Stahltragwerke im Industriebau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Shingareva, I. (2011). Solving Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations with Maple and Mathematica (C. Lizárraga-Celaya, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Luenberger, D. G., & Ye, Y. (2016). Interior-Point Methods. In Y. Ye (Ed.), Linear and Nonlinear Programming (pp. 115–147). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Particuology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, June 17). Some Thought She Was Possessed By The Devil, But Doctors Figured Out What Was Causing This Little Girls Uncontrollable Laughter. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Aircraft Development: The Advanced Tactical Fighter’s Costs, Schedule, and Performance Goals (NSIAD-88-76). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edwards, J. W. (2006). The Relation Between Expressed Emotion and Adolescent Psychopathology [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis, G. (2012, October 2). Baroque Opera at the Ambronay Festival. New York Times, 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mervis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Mervis, 2000; Waitukaitis & Jaeger, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waitukaitis & Jaeger, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Callier et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Voets et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleParticuology
ISSN (print)1674-2001
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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