How to format your references using the Particuology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Particuology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bolfan-Casanova, N. (2007). Geochemistry. Fuel for plate tectonics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5810), 338–339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bolhuis, J. J., & Wynne, C. D. L. (2009). Can evolution explain how minds work? Nature, 458(7240), 832–833.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, A. C. Y., Petruccione, F., & Koch, J. (2014). Perturbative approach to Markovian open quantum systems. Scientific Reports, 4, 4887.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Luo, J., Su, F., Chen, D., Shiloh, A., & Gu, W. (2000). Deacetylation of p53 modulates its effect on cell growth and apoptosis. Nature, 408(6810), 377–381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Declerck, P. (2012). Discrete Event Systems in Dioid Algebra and Conventional Algebra. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Meyer, H.-D., John, E. P. S., Chankseliani, M., & Uribe, L. (Eds.). (2013). Fairness in Access to Higher Education in a Global Perspective: Reconciling Excellence, Efficiency, and Justice. SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Spaldin, N. A. (2007). Analogies and Differences between Ferroelectrics and Ferromagnets. In K. M. Rabe, C. H. Ahn, & J.-M. Triscone (Eds.), Physics of Ferroelectrics: A Modern Perspective (pp. 175–218). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Particuology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 16). Can Ayahuasca, The ‘Sacred Plant’ Of The Amazon, Help Addiction And Depression? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Space Surveillance: DOD and NASA Need Consolidated Requirements and a Coordinated Plan (NSIAD-98-42). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leslie, M. S. (2012). Understanding Individual Change in Practice: A Grounded Theory Study of Maternity Care Providers [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P., Schmidt, M. S., & Haberman, M. (2017, July 19). Trump Lashes Out At Russia Inquiry And Its Overseers. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bolfan-Casanova, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bolfan-Casanova, 2007; Bolhuis & Wynne, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bolhuis & Wynne, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Li et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Luo et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleParticuology
ISSN (print)1674-2001
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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