How to format your references using the Particuology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Particuology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2000). Climate change expert stirs new controversy. Nature, 407(6800), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abbott, M. B., & Wolfe, A. P. (2003). Intensive pre-Incan metallurgy recorded by lake sediments from the Bolivian Andes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5641), 1893–1895.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van der Burg, E., Cass, J., & Alais, D. (2014). Window of audio-visual simultaneity is unaffected by spatio-temporal visual clutter. Scientific Reports, 4, 5098.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Scott, C., Lyons, T. W., Bekker, A., Shen, Y., Poulton, S. W., Chu, X., & Anbar, A. D. (2008). Tracing the stepwise oxygenation of the Proterozoic ocean. Nature, 452(7186), 456–459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan, T. P. (2011). Statistical Methods for Quality Improvement: Ryan/Quality Improvement 3E. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Frucht, S. J. (2005). Movement Disorder Emergencies: Diagnosis and Treatment (S. Fahn, Ed.). Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Smith, M. K., French, J. L., Kowalski, K. G., Hutmacher, M. M., & Ewy, W. (2011). Decision-Making in Drug Development: Application of a Model Based Framework for Assessing Trial Performance. In H. H. C. Kimko & C. C. Peck (Eds.), Clinical Trial Simulations: Applications and Trends (pp. 61–83). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Particuology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, June 26). 240-Million-Year-Old “Grandfather Turtle” Was Just Starting to Have a Shell. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Small Business Innovation Research: Observations on Agencies’ Data Collection and Eligibility Determination Efforts (GAO-09-956T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan, A. (2017). The Mental Health and Well-Being of College Students in Cambodia [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Liptak, A., & Walsh, M. W. (2016, June 14). Justices Reject Puerto Rico Law in Case on Restructuring Debt. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott & Wolfe, 2003; Smaglik, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abbott & Wolfe, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Van der Burg et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Scott et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleParticuology
ISSN (print)1674-2001
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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