How to format your references using the Sanamed citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sanamed. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kearns DB. Microbiology. Bright insight into bacterial gliding. Science 2007;315(5813):773–774.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berlin S, Ellegren H. Evolutionary genetics. Clonal inheritance of avian mitochondrial DNA. Nature 2001;413(6851):37–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Durack PJ, Wijffels SE, Matear RJ. Ocean salinities reveal strong global water cycle intensification during 1950 to 2000. Science 2012;336(6080):455–458.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kawai H, Kanegae T, Christensen S, Kiyosue T, Sato Y, Imaizumi T, et al. Responses of ferns to red light are mediated by an unconventional photoreceptor. Nature 2003;421(6920):287–290.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Popkin JD. A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Dawson DA. Spatial Fleming-Viot Models with Selection and Mutation. (Greven A, ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Page D, Smart N. How Long Is a Piece of String? In: Smart N, ed. What Is Computer Science?: An Information Security Perspective. Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014:77–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sanamed.

Blog post
Hale T. Puppy Swallows Tube Of Glue Creating A Perfect Mold Of Its Stomach. IFLScience 2016. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Month In Review, August 1999: Reports, Testimony, Correspondence, and Other Publications. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray E. California community college athletic directors lived experience and perceptions about financing issues with athletic programs. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Review: ‘Mifune: The Last Samurai’ Celebrates a Fearless Actor. New York Times. November 24, 2016:C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleSanamed
ISSN (print)1452-662X
ISSN (online)2217-8171

Other styles