How to format your references using the Sanamed citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sanamed. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knapp S. Anthropology. Some like it hot. Science 2007;315(5814):946–947.
A journal article with 2 authors
Elmquist JK, Flier JS. Neuroscience. The fat-brain axis enters a new dimension. Science 2004;304(5667):63–64.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zehn D, Lee SY, Bevan MJ. Complete but curtailed T-cell response to very low-affinity antigen. Nature 2009;458(7235):211–214.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gu W, Li H, Zhao P, Yu R, Pan G, Gao S, et al. Quantitative proteomic analysis of thylakoid from two microalgae (Haematococcus pluvialis and Dunaliella salina) reveals two different high light-responsive strategies. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:6661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grant G. Ecosystem Services Come to Town. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Xu Y, Xu D, Liang J, eds. Computational Methods for Protein Structure Prediction and Modeling: Volume 2: Structure Prediction. New York, NY: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Kreinovich V, Nguyen HT, Ouncharoen R. From Mean and Median Income to the Most Adequate Way of Taking Inequality into Account. In: Huynh V-N, Kreinovich V, Sriboonchitta S, Suriya K, eds. Econometrics of Risk. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:63–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sanamed.

Blog post
Andrew E. First Vine From Space Uploaded By NASA Astronaut. IFLScience 2014. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transatlantic Aviation: Effects of Easing Restrictions on U.S.-European Markets. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joseph S. A comprehensive evaluation of a school system’s grow your own principal preparation program. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr, Ferré-Sadurní L. Trial for Brazen Murder Brings Mother No Solace. New York Times. July 21, 2017:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleSanamed
ISSN (print)1452-662X
ISSN (online)2217-8171

Other styles