How to format your references using the Journal of Food and Drug Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food and Drug Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaffney O. Quiet green revolution starts to make some noise. Nature 2014;505:587.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gouaux E, Mackinnon R. Principles of selective ion transport in channels and pumps. Science 2005;310:1461–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen S, Yuzenkova Y, Zenkin N. Mechanism of eukaryotic RNA polymerase III transcription termination. Science 2013;340:1577–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lu L, Shen Y, Chen X, Qian L, Lu K. Ultrahigh strength and high electrical conductivity in copper. Science 2004;304:422–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bowling J. Diagnostic Dermoscopy. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Hertl M, editor. Autoimmune Diseases of the Skin: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, Management. 3rd ed. Vienna: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Genovese A, Piuri V, Scotti F. Palmprint Biometrics. In: Piuri V, Scotti F, editors. Touchless Palmprint Recognition Systems, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 49–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food and Drug Analysis.

Blog post
Luntz S. The Chemistry of Pizza. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Educational Assistance for Institutionalized Neglected or Delinquent Children. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pelletier JM. Effects of Data Breaches on Sector-Wide Systematic Risk in Financial, Technology, Healthcare and Services Sectors. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Read All About It, Every Day for 70 Years. New York Times 2003:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food and Drug Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Food Drug Anal.
ISSN (print)1021-9498
ScopeFood Science

Other styles