How to format your references using the Journal of Food and Drug Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food and Drug Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Monack DM. Immunology: recognition of a unique partner. Nature 2011;477:543–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Deng K, Siliciano RF. HIV: Early treatment may not be early enough. Nature 2014;512:35–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bowman D, King G, Tapponnier P. Slip partitioning by elastoplastic propagation of oblique slip at depth. Science 2003;300:1121–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Araki J, Nishizawa Y, Nakamura T, Sato T, Naito M, Hatayama N, et al. Anorectal autotransplantation in a canine model: the first successful report in the short term with the non-laparotomy approach. Sci Rep 2014;4:6312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Laycock J, Meeran K. Integrated Endocrinology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Sugiyama M, Fujii K, Nakamura S, editors. Solar to Chemical Energy Conversion: Theory and Application. vol. 32. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Johnson MR. A Primer on Economic Choice Automata. In: Binder C, Codognato G, Teschl M, Xu Y, editors. Individual and Collective Choice and Social Welfare: Essays in Honor of Nick Baigent, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015, p. 65–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food and Drug Analysis.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. This Woman Can Smell Parkinson’s Disease. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/woman-who-can-smell-parkinsons-disease-inspires-new-research/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfers: Benefits of Cooperative R&D Agreements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Tickner A. Production and consumption at the hillfort site of Mont Dardon, France: An archeobotanical analysis. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Billard M. ‘Jersey’ Seems to Be the Word. New York Times 2010:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food and Drug Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Food Drug Anal.
ISSN (print)1021-9498
ScopeFood Science
Pharmacology

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