How to format your references using the Journal of Food and Drug Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food and Drug Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Alberts B. The breakthroughs of 2012. Science 2012;338:1511.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Peerapen P, Thongboonkerd V. p38 MAPK mediates calcium oxalate crystal-induced tight junction disruption in distal renal tubular epithelial cells. Sci Rep 2013;3:1041.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Müller K, Faeh C, Diederich F. Fluorine in pharmaceuticals: looking beyond intuition. Science 2007;317:1881–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wu Y, Xiang J, Yang C, Lu W, Lieber CM. Single-crystal metallic nanowires and metal/semiconductor nanowire heterostructures. Nature 2004;430:61–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sóbester A, Forrester AIJ. Aircraft Aerodynamic Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Mazzola G. Musical Creativity: Strategies and Tools in Composition and Improvisation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sachithanadam M, Joshi SC. A New Phenomenon—Brittle to Ductile Transition. In: Joshi SC, editor. Silica Aerogel Composites: Novel Fabrication Methods, Singapore: Springer; 2016, p. 51–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food and Drug Analysis.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Brilliant Minds Answer The Question: What Scientific Idea Is Ready For Retirement? IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/brilliant-minds-answer-question-what-scientific-idea-ready-retirement/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Army Reserve Officer Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gaines M. Perceptions of knowledge sharing within hybrid learning environments: As iron sharpens iron among graduate students. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kenigsberg B. The Listings; Film Series. New York Times 2016:C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food and Drug Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Food Drug Anal.
ISSN (print)1021-9498
ScopeFood Science
Pharmacology

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