How to format your references using the Annual Review of Food Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingeras TR. 2009. Implications of chimaeric non-co-linear transcripts. Nature. 461(7261):206–11
A journal article with 2 authors
Salter MG, Fern R. 2005. NMDA receptors are expressed in developing oligodendrocyte processes and mediate injury. Nature. 438(7071):1167–71
A journal article with 3 authors
Victor DG, House JC, Joy S. 2005. Climate. A Madisonian approach to climate policy. Science. 309(5742):1820–21
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Murakami M, Hirose K, Yurimoto H, Nakashima S, Takafuji N. 2002. Water in Earth’s lower mantle. Science. 295(5561):1885–87

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aasma A, Dutta H, Natarajan PN. 2017. An Introductory Course in Summability Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gudmundsdottir GB, Vasbø KB, eds. 2014. Methodological Challenges When Exploring Digital Learning Spaces in Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers
A chapter in an edited book
Chiou A, Wong KW. 2010. Auto-explanation System: Player Satisfaction in Strategy-Based Board Games. In Cultural Computing: Second IFIP TC 14 Entertainment Computing Symposium, ECS 2010, Held as Part of WCC 2010, Brisbane, Australia, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings, eds. R Nakatsu, N Tosa, F Naghdy, KW Wong, P Codognet, pp. 46–54. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Hubble’s Deep Field Images Of The Early Universe Are Postcards From Billions Of Years Ago. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. NASA’s Choice of a Location for Its Proposed Lunar Curatorial Facility. PSAD-76-130, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortega R. 2012. Effects of cultural and linguistic differences in breast cancer screening behaviors among elderly Latina women. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. 2017. As Syrian War Drags On, Assad’s Grip Tightens. New York Times, Sep. 25, , p. A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gingeras 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gingeras 2009; Salter & Fern 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Salter & Fern 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Murakami et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Food Science and Technology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Food Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1941-1413
ISSN (online)1941-1421
ScopeFood Science

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