How to format your references using the Annual Review of Food Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel JM. 2012. Evolution. Suppression of sleep for mating. Science. 337(6102):1610–11
A journal article with 2 authors
Mbadugha CA, Onakoya AO. 2014. The awareness, perceptions and experiences of primary open angle glaucoma patients in Lagos Nigeria. Sci. Rep. 4:7585
A journal article with 3 authors
Cui P, Tang M, Wu Z-X. 2014. Message spreading in networks with stickiness and persistence: large clustering does not always facilitate large-scale diffusion. Sci. Rep. 4:6303
A journal article with 7 or more authors
He Y, Ye T, Su M, Zhang C, Ribbe AE, et al. 2008. Hierarchical self-assembly of DNA into symmetric supramolecular polyhedra. Nature. 452(7184):198–201

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corrigan PW, Roe D, Tsang HWH. 2011. Challenging the Stigma of Mental Illness. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Cesar P, Chorianopoulos K, Jensen JF, eds. 2007. Interactive TV: A Shared Experience: 5th European Conference, EuroITV 2007, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, May 24-25, 2007. Proceedings, Vol. 4471. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Bog A, Sachs K, Zeier A, Plattner H. 2012. Normalization in a Mixed OLTP and OLAP Workload Scenario. In Topics in Performance Evaluation, Measurement and Characterization: Third TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2011, Seattle, WA, USA, August 29-September 3, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, eds. R Nambiar, M Poess, pp. 67–82. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2016. How Dogs Find Their Way Home (Without A GPS). IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Research and Development Funding: Reported Gap Between Data From Federal Agencies and Their R&D Performers Results From Noncomparable Data. GAO-01-512R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown ML. 2010. Examining leadership and the laminated glass ceiling: Gender and leadership traits. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clooney G, Prendergast J, Kumar A. 2015. Sudan’s Rape of Darfur. New York Times, Feb. 25, , p. A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siegel 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Mbadugha & Onakoya 2014; Siegel 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mbadugha & Onakoya 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Food Science and Technology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Food Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1941-1413
ISSN (online)1941-1421
ScopeFood Science

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