How to format your references using the Annual Review of Food Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatten ME. 2002. New directions in neuronal migration. Science. 297(5587):1660–63
A journal article with 2 authors
Du L, Poovaiah BW. 2005. Ca2+/calmodulin is critical for brassinosteroid biosynthesis and plant growth. Nature. 437(7059):741–45
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelupessy P, Rennella E, Bodenhausen G. 2009. High-resolution NMR in magnetic fields with unknown spatiotemporal variations. Science. 324(5935):1693–97
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ono M, Terabe H, Hori H, Sasaki M. 2003. Insect signalling: components of giant hornet alarm pheromone. Nature. 424(6949):637–38

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott DW. 2008. Color Atlas of Farm Animal Dermatology. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
An edited book
Bautista Paz E. 2010. A Brief Illustrated History of Machines and Mechanisms, Vol. 10. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Derksen H, Kemper G. 2015. Applications of Invariant Theory. In Computational Invariant Theory, ed. G Kemper, pp. 265–96. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2016. Buzz Aldrin Medically Evacuated From South Pole After Becoming Ill During trip. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Agricultural Research and Development and Extension Activities. 119114, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Senaga KA. 2016. Tasteless, cheap, and southern? The rise and decline of the farm-raised catfish industry. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. 2017. Future Is Now for Mets Prospect Rosario. New York Times, Aug. 2, , p. B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatten 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Du & Poovaiah 2005; Hatten 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Du & Poovaiah 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ono et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Food Science and Technology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Food Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1941-1413
ISSN (online)1941-1421
ScopeFood Science

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