How to format your references using the Annual Review of Food Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen D. 2003. Nuts and bolts. Nature. 426(6962):104
A journal article with 2 authors
Davies NB, Welbergen JA. 2009. Social transmission of a host defense against cuckoo parasitism. Science. 324(5932):1318–20
A journal article with 3 authors
Bao H, Yu S, Tong DQ. 2010. Massive volcanic SO(2) oxidation and sulphate aerosol deposition in Cenozoic North America. Nature. 465(7300):909–12
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hood JD, Bednarski M, Frausto R, Guccione S, Reisfeld RA, et al. 2002. Tumor regression by targeted gene delivery to the neovasculature. Science. 296(5577):2404–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCormick K, Salcedo J. 2017. SPSS Reg Statistics for Data Analysis and Visualization. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
König A, Dengel A, Hinkelmann K, Kise K, Howlett RJ, Jain LC, eds. 2011. Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 15th International Conference, KES 2011, Kaiserslautern, Germany, September 12-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part IV, Vol. 6884. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Weir T, Orcherton D. 2013. Climate Change Issues on the Pacific Islands: An Overview. In Climate-Smart Technologies: Integrating Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Mitigation and Adaptation Responses, eds. W Leal Filho, F Mannke, R Mohee, V Schulte, D Surroop, pp. 51–64. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. From Dark Gravity To Phantom Energy: What’s Driving The Expansion Of The Universe? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Environmental Satellites: Focused Attention Needed to Improve Mitigation Strategies for Satellite Coverage Gaps. GAO-13-865T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slotterback D. 2010. Parent Partner Program and Organization (3P-O) parents mentoring parents in child welfare: A grant-writing project. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A, Taylor K. 2013. After an Introduction by de Blasio, a Brooklyn Hospital Hired His Wife. New York Times, Oct. 10, , p. A24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Davies & Welbergen 2009; Koen 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davies & Welbergen 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Hood et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Food Science and Technology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Food Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1941-1413
ISSN (online)1941-1421
ScopeFood Science

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