How to format your references using the Annual Review of Food Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Visbeck M. 2007. Oceanography: power of pull. Nature. 447(7143):383
A journal article with 2 authors
Alekseev V, Lampert W. 2001. Maternal control of resting-egg production in Daphnia. Nature. 414(6866):899–901
A journal article with 3 authors
Amari T, Canou A, Aly J-J. 2014. Characterizing and predicting the magnetic environment leading to solar eruptions. Nature. 514(7523):465–69
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Erlandson JM, Rick TC, Braje TJ, Casperson M, Culleton B, et al. 2011. Paleoindian seafaring, maritime technologies, and coastal foraging on California’s Channel Islands. Science. 331(6021):1181–85

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Callard F, Sartorius N, Arboleda-Flórez J, Bartlett P, Helmchen H, et al. 2012. Mental Illness, Discrimination and the Law. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Cotta C, Cowling P, eds. 2009. Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 9th European Conference, EvoCOP 2009, Tübingen, Germany, April 15-17, 2009. Proceedings, Vol. 5482. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Duistermaat JJ, Kolk JAC. 2010. Convergence of Distributions. In Distributions: Theory and Applications, ed. JAC Kolk, pp. 51–58. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2016. In A Bid For The Perfect Profile Pic, Young Men Are Increasingly Turning To Drugs. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. The Development and Award of the SSA Systems Engineering and Integration Contract. 128425, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waldron KD. 2017. The Influence of Leadership Emotional Intelligence on Employee Engagement. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2012. A Light in Captivity, and a Subject for Writing. New York Times, June 28, , p. B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Visbeck 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Alekseev & Lampert 2001; Visbeck 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alekseev & Lampert 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Erlandson et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Food Science and Technology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Food Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1941-1413
ISSN (online)1941-1421
ScopeFood Science

Other styles