How to format your references using the Annual Review of Food Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns CJ. 2005. Chemistry. Bridging a gap in actinide chemistry. Science. 309(5742):1823–24
A journal article with 2 authors
Knaden M, Wehner R. 2004. Path integration in desert ants controls aggressiveness. Science. 305(5680):60
A journal article with 3 authors
Benham-Pyle BW, Pruitt BL, Nelson WJ. 2015. Cell adhesion. Mechanical strain induces E-cadherin-dependent Yap1 and β-catenin activation to drive cell cycle entry. Science. 348(6238):1024–27
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Weinstein JA, Jiang N, White RA 3rd, Fisher DS, Quake SR. 2009. High-throughput sequencing of the zebrafish antibody repertoire. Science. 324(5928):807–10

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Popescu D, Gharbi A, Stefanoiu D, Borne P. 2017. Process Control Design for Industrial Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gorlewski JA. 2012. Theory into Practice: Case Stories for School Leaders, Vol. 3. Rotterdam: SensePublishers
A chapter in an edited book
Jiao J, Boerboom L. 2006. Transition Rule Elicitation Methods for Urban Cellular Automata Models. In Innovations in Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, eds. JPV Leeuwen, HJP Timmermans, pp. 53–68. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Is This Italian Volcano About To Explode Into Life And Bury Rome? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. Assessment of Bilateral Telecommunications Agreements With Japan. NSIAD-84-2, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim G. 2013. Development of a nutrition-based curriculum for farm-to-school programs for the fourth and fifth grades. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG, Kepler AW. 2011. So Far, Sales for New DC Comics Are Super. New York Times, Oct. 1, , p. C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Burns 2005; Knaden & Wehner 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knaden & Wehner 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Weinstein et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Food Science and Technology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Food Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1941-1413
ISSN (online)1941-1421
ScopeFood Science

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