How to format your references using the Annual Review of Food Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wright G. 2014. Perspective: Synthetic biology revives antibiotics. Nature. 509(7498):S13
A journal article with 2 authors
Burov E, Gerya T. 2014. Asymmetric three-dimensional topography over mantle plumes. Nature. 513(7516):85–89
A journal article with 3 authors
Li G-W, Oh E, Weissman JS. 2012. The anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequence drives translational pausing and codon choice in bacteria. Nature. 484(7395):538–41
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pichot C, El Maâtaoui M, Raddi S, Raddi P. 2001. Surrogate mother for endangered Cupressus. Nature. 412(6842):39

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bleistein S. 2017. Rapid Organizational Change. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Treschev D. 2010. Introduction to the Perturbation Theory of Hamiltonian Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Bridson R. 2016. Revisiting Vorticity: Pushing Fluid Solvers to the Next Level. In Mathematical Progress in Expressive Image Synthesis III: Selected and Extended Results from the Symposium MEIS2015, eds. Y Dobashi, H Ochiai, pp. 41–44. Singapore: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Food Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. How To Stop A Zombie Apocalypse – With Science. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Planning and Flexibility Are Key to Effectively Deploying Broadband Conduit through Federal Highway Projects. GAO-12-687R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spillman SA. 2014. Is More Always Better: Comparing the Effects of Single and Multiple Learning Channels on Academic Performance. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kelly M. 1992. Clinton Names Team to Probe U.S. Agencies. New York Times, Nov. 26, , p. A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wright 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Burov & Gerya 2014; Wright 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burov & Gerya 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Pichot et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Food Science and Technology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Food Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1941-1413
ISSN (online)1941-1421
ScopeFood Science

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