How to format your references using the Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson, B. L. (2012). Psychology. Bird-brained illusionists. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335, 292–293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arthur, R. and Diamond, J. (2011). Geography. Understanding tribal fates. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334, 911–912.
A journal article with 3 authors
Larsen, R. E., Glover, W. J. and Schwartz, B. J. (2010). Does the hydrated electron occupy a cavity? Science (New York, N.Y.) 329, 65–69.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Liu, M., Hoffman, J., Wang, J., Zhang, J., Nelson-Cheeseman, B. and Bhattacharya, A. (2013). Non-volatile ferroelastic switching of the Verwey transition and resistivity of epitaxial Fe3O4/PMN-PT (011). Scientific reports 3, 1876.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Datta, T. K. (2010). Seismic Analysis of Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Chatterjee, S. (2011). Identity-Based Encryption. ed. Sarkar, P. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Rummler, G. A. and Ramias, A. J. (2015). A Framework for Defining and Designing the Structure of Work. In Handbook on Business Process Management 1: Introduction, Methods, and Information Systems (ed. vom Brocke, J. and Rosemann, M.), pp. 81–104. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Parasitology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). Australian Biosecurity Officials Incinerate Rare Botanical Collection Due To “Paperwork Mix-Up.” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). Exiting Program Improvement, HRD-93-2R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson, D. L. (2014). BOUND/(bang).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017). Obliviously, Wentz Fuels The Eagles’ Giddy Rise. New York Times B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anderson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Arthur and Diamond, 2011; Anderson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arthur and Diamond, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleParasitology
ISSN (print)0031-1820
ISSN (online)1469-8161
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Infectious Diseases

Other styles