How to format your references using the International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, O. (2001). Biomedicine. Nota bene. In the nic of time. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5549), 2118.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones, M. K., & Liu, X. (2009). Archaeology. Origins of agriculture in East Asia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5928), 730–731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, Q., Haynes, K. F., & Zhou, X. (2013). Differential undertaking response of a lower termite to congeneric and conspecific corpses. Scientific reports, 3, 1650.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ordonio, R. L., Ito, Y., Hatakeyama, A., Ohmae-Shinohara, K., Kasuga, S., Tokunaga, T., et al. (2014). Gibberellin deficiency pleiotropically induces culm bending in sorghum: an insight into sorghum semi-dwarf breeding. Scientific reports, 4, 5287.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Petrozzi, S. (2012). Practical Instrumental Analysis. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Pan, Z., Cheok, A. D., Mueller, W., & Zhang, M. (Eds.). (2015). Transactions on Edutainment XI (1st ed. 2015., Vol. 8971). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Winstead, C., & McKoy, V. (2012). Electron–Biomolecule Collision Studies Using the Schwinger Multichannel Method. In G. García Gómez-Tejedor & M. C. Fuss (Eds.), Radiation Damage in Biomolecular Systems (pp. 87–113). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, October 27). Magnetar Storm Reveals Evidence of Starquakes. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Toward the Moon, Asteroids, and Mars (No. 146025). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pease, M. (2014). Progress towards the Synthesis of a Potent, Bioavailable and Selective Dimethylarginine Dimethylaminohydrolase-1 Inactivator (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, April 1). The Caged Beast Awakens. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Jones and Liu 2009; Smith 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jones and Liu 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ordonio et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing
ISSN (print)1865-1984
ISSN (online)1865-1992
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles