How to format your references using the International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ginsparg, P. (2011). ArXiv at 20. Nature, 476(7359), 145–147.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kondo, S., & Miura, T. (2010). Reaction-diffusion model as a framework for understanding biological pattern formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5999), 1616–1620.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayberry, R. I., Lock, E., & Kazmi, H. (2002). Linguistic ability and early language exposure. Nature, 417(6884), 38.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Onodera, R., Motoyama, K., Okamatsu, A., Higashi, T., & Arima, H. (2013). Potential use of folate-appended methyl-β-cyclodextrin as an anticancer agent. Scientific reports, 3, 1104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Twomey, B. (2011). Inside the Currency Market. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chiti, E., & Mattarella, B. G. (Eds.). (2011). Global Administrative Law and EU Administrative Law: Relationships, Legal Issues and Comparison. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mametjanov, A., Norris, B., Zeng, X., Drewniak, B., Utke, J., Anitescu, M., & Hovland, P. (2012). Applying Automatic Differentiation to the Community Land Model. In S. Forth, P. Hovland, E. Phipps, J. Utke, & A. Walther (Eds.), Recent Advances in Algorithmic Differentiation (pp. 47–57). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, April 29). Smoking Cannabis While Pregnant May Increase Chance Of Babies Entering Intensive Care. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Commercial Space: FAA Should Examine How to Appropriately Regulate Space Support Vehicles (No. GAO-17-100). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dougherty, M. H. (2009). Identification of needs reported by grandparents of grandchildren, from birth to twenty-one years, with disabilities in the commonwealth of Kentucky (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M. S. (2017, August 10). Trump Denies Weighing Whether to Fire Mueller. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ginsparg 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ginsparg 2011; Kondo and Miura 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kondo and Miura 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Onodera et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing
ISSN (print)1865-1984
ISSN (online)1865-1992
Economics and Econometrics

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