How to format your references using the International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Csatho, B. M. (2015). Climate science: A history of Greenland’s ice loss. Nature, 528(7582), 341–343.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jamison, D. T., & Sandbu, M. E. (2001). Global health. WHO ranking of health system performance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5535), 1595–1596.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ji, Z., Gao, H., & Yu, H. (2015). CELL DIVISION CYCLE. Kinetochore attachment sensed by competitive Mps1 and microtubule binding to Ndc80C. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6240), 1260–1264.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
O’Brien, C. M., Fox, C. J., Planque, B., & Casey, J. (2000). Climate variability and North Sea cod. Nature, 404(6774), 142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt, P. J., & Kennedy, J. E. (2005). Financial Derivatives in Theory and Practice: Hunt/Financial Derivatives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Liang, Y. (2015). Silicon in Agriculture: From Theory to Practice. (M. Nikolic, R. Bélanger, H. Gong, & A. Song, Eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferrari, A., Reverberi, S., & Benedetti, M. G. (2013). Varismo del retropiede — supinazione o inversione dell’avampiede. In S. Reverberi & M. G. Benedetti (Eds.), L’arto inferiore nella paralisi cerebrale infantile: Semeiotica e chirurgia funzionale (pp. 87–109). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 19). Can A Lack Of Love Be Deadly? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in Continuity Planning and Involvement of Key Users (No. GAO-10-799). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atwill, R. L. (2015). Evaluation of water and nitrogen management practices in southern US rice (Oryza sativa L.) production (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, November 28). Check In /Check Out; MIAMI BEACH, FLA.: Soho Beach House. New York Times, p. TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Csatho 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Csatho 2015; Jamison and Sandbu 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jamison and Sandbu 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (O’Brien et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing
ISSN (print)1865-1984
ISSN (online)1865-1992
Economics and Econometrics

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