How to format your references using the International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kampinga, H. H. (2015). Molecular biology: It takes two to untangle. Nature, 524(7564), 169–170.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burov, E., & Gerya, T. (2014). Asymmetric three-dimensional topography over mantle plumes. Nature, 513(7516), 85–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Y. A., Feng, A.-C., & Ganz, P. A. (2014). Health services utilisation in breast cancer survivors in Taiwan. Scientific reports, 4, 7466.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kosmeier, S., De Luca, A. C., Zolotovskaya, S., Di Falco, A., Dholakia, K., & Mazilu, M. (2013). Coherent control of plasmonic nanoantennas using optical eigenmodes. Scientific reports, 3, 1808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim, M. A. (2011). Disturbance Analysis for Power Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rikowski, R. (Ed.). (2011). Digitisation Perspectives (Vol. 46). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Richthammer, H., & Reif, S. (2016). Intrusion Detection in the Smart Grid Based on an Analogue Technique. In J. Camenisch & D. Kesdoğan (Eds.), Open Problems in Network Security: IFIP WG 11.4 International Workshop, iNetSec 2015, Zurich, Switzerland, October 29, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 56–67). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 29). Despite Shell’s About-Face, Interest In Arctic Oil Grows. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Mass Transit: Grants Management Oversight Improving, but Better Follow-up Needed on Grantees’ Noncompliance (No. RCED-98-89). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schiffbauer, L. W. (2013). The pursuit of self-esteem: A help or a hindrance in thriving in the workplace? (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, June 5). More Than a Wizard. New York Times, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kampinga 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Burov and Gerya 2014; Kampinga 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burov and Gerya 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kosmeier et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing
ISSN (print)1865-1984
ISSN (online)1865-1992
Economics and Econometrics

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