How to format your references using the International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padian, K. (2008). Darwin’s enduring legacy. Nature, 451(7179), 632–634.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clementz, M. T., & Sewall, J. O. (2011). Latitudinal gradients in greenhouse seawater δ(18) O: evidence from Eocene sirenian tooth enamel. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6028), 455–458.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gürerk, O., Irlenbusch, B., & Rockenbach, B. (2006). The competitive advantage of sanctioning institutions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5770), 108–111.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bellamy, P. H., Loveland, P. J., Bradley, R. I., Lark, R. M., & Kirk, G. J. D. (2005). Carbon losses from all soils across England and Wales 1978-2003. Nature, 437(7056), 245–248.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mauthe, A., & Thomas, P. (2005). Professional Content Management Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jarnicki, M. (2015). Continuous Nowhere Differentiable Functions: The Monsters of Analysis. (P. Pflug, Ed.) (1st ed. 2015.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Manzo, C., Marrucci, L., & Manzo, P. (2008). Time-Resolved Fluorescence and Dichroism in Absorbing Liquids. In R. Torre (Ed.), Time-Resolved Spectroscopy in Complex Liquids: An Experimental Perspective (pp. 217–245). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 28). A 1.8 million year old skull indicates there may have been just one human species on Earth at that time. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Health, Education and Human Services Information Systems Issue Area--Active Assignments (No. AA-97-29(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denz, T. A. (2012). Performance Evaluation of a Magnetically Enhanced Micro-Cathode Vacuum Arc Thruster (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2009, December 2). World Cup Draw Portends More Peril Than Promise. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padian 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Clementz and Sewall 2011; Padian 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clementz and Sewall 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Bellamy et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing
ISSN (print)1865-1984
ISSN (online)1865-1992
Economics and Econometrics

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