How to format your references using the Bone citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bone. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.C. Cannatella, Comment on “Habitat split and the global decline of amphibians,” Science. 320 (2008) 874; author reply 874.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Kristensen, T. Bjerkedal, Explaining the relation between birth order and intelligence, Science. 316 (2007) 1717.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Bobrov, A.J. Mayne, G. Dujardin, Atomic-scale imaging of insulating diamond through resonant electron injection, Nature. 413 (2001) 616–619.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Thompson, R.A. Haeusler, P.D. Good, D.R. Engelke, Nucleolar clustering of dispersed tRNA genes, Science. 302 (2003) 1399–1401.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Schrör, Acetylsalicylic Acid, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2016.
An edited book
M. Bungenberg, C. Herrmann, eds., Common Commercial Policy after Lisbon: Special Issue, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Sanchez-Infantes, C.M. Elks, J.M. Stephens, Pathophysiology of Obesity and the Metabolic Syndrome: Rodent Models, in: G.E. Mullin, L.J. Cheskin, L.E. Matarese (Eds.), Integrative Weight Management: A Guide for Clinicians, Springer, New York, NY, 2014: pp. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bone.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Teen Obesity Caused By Going Into ‘Power-Saving Mode,’ IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Medicare: Impact of Changing Transportation Policy for Portable Equipment Is Uncertain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Sanchez, For imagination and love – The permanence of the Mexican father who fathers at a distance, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. Rosenberg, L. Stack, Times Square Chaos as Driver Kills a Woman and Injures 22, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBone
ISSN (print)8756-3282
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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