How to format your references using the Bone citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bone. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Dando, Biologists napping while work militarized, Nature. 460 (2009) 950–951.
A journal article with 2 authors
H.-A. Engel, D. Loss, Fermionic bell-state analyzer for spin qubits, Science. 309 (2005) 586–588.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.-B. Ma, K. Ye, D.J. Patel, Structural basis for overhang-specific small interfering RNA recognition by the PAZ domain, Nature. 429 (2004) 318–322.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Zheng, T. Lay, M.P. Flanagan, Q. Williams, Pervasive seismic wave reflectivity and metasomatism of the Tonga mantle wedge, Science. 316 (2007) 855–859.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Dasgupta, Resolving Erroneous Reports in Toxicology and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
W. Ziaja, ed., Transformation of the natural environment in Western Sørkapp Land (Spitsbergen) since the 1980s, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Marsaudon, C. Bernard, D. Dietzel, C.V. Nguyen, A.M. Bonnot, J.-P. Aimé, R. Boisgard, Carbon Nanotubes as SPM Tips: Mechanical Properties of Nanotube Tips and Imaging, in: B. Bhushan, H. Fuchs, M. Tomitori (Eds.), Applied Scanning Probe Methods VIII: Scanning Probe Microscopy Techniques, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 137–181.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bone.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Crop Breeding Cannot Keep Up With Climate Change, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Technology Transfer: Improving Incentives For Technology Transfer at Federal Laboratories, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.J. Bodenmiller, A quantitative relational analysis of leadership style and leader-accountability in nonprofit organizations, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Otis, Eritrean Couple’s Reunion, Decades in the Making, New York Times. (2016) A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBone
ISSN (print)8756-3282
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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