How to format your references using the Oecologia Australis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oecologia Australis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, L. L. 2001. Obituary. Wang Ying-lai (1907-2001). Nature, 412(6842), 38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yan, J., & Aldrich, R. W. 2010. LRRC26 auxiliary protein allows BK channel activation at resting voltage without calcium. Nature, 466(7305), 513–516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roscioli, J. R., McCunn, L. R., & Johnson, M. A. 2007. Quantum structure of the intermolecular proton bond. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5822), 249–254.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Achermann, M., Petruska, M. A., Kos, S., Smith, D. L., Koleske, D. D., & Klimov, V. I. 2004. Energy-transfer pumping of semiconductor nanocrystals using an epitaxial quantum well. Nature, 429(6992), 642–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bower, J. A. 2013. Statistical Methods for Food Science. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Boone, W. J. 2014. Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences. J. R. Staver & M. S. Yale (Eds.), Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands: p. XVI, 482 p. 189 illus., 24 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Alekseev, A. O., Alekseeva, T. V., Gerasimenko, L. M., Orleanskiy, V. K., & Ushatinskaya, G. T. 2016. Modifications of Selected Clay Minerals Due to Activity of Filamentous Alkaline Cyanobacteria. In: O. V. Frank-Kamenetskaya, E. G. Panova, & D. Y. Vlasov (Eds.), Biogenic—Abiogenic Interactions in Natural and Anthropogenic Systems. pp. 29–42. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oecologia Australis.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016, November 21. Ancient Mummified Crocodile Found To Be Harboring Dozens Of Babies. (Retrieved on October 30th, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. NASA: Sound Management and Oversight Key to Addressing Crew Exploration Vehicle Project Risks. No. GAO-06-1127T; p. ed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkinson, B. 2017. You Got to Pray Just to Make It Today: The Relationship between Disclosure Disconnects, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment among Atheistic Employees. Doctoral dissertation Edwardsville, IL, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. 2016, August 17. As Jaded as Bill Murray Trapped in a Time Warp. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Wang 2001, Yan & Aldrich 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yan & Aldrich 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Achermann et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleOecologia Australis
ISSN (print)2177-6199

Other styles