How to format your references using the Pancreatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pancreatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Meier RP. Diminishing diversity of signed languages. Science 2000;288:1965b.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Dominy NJ, Lucas PW. Ecological importance of trichromatic vision to primates. Nature 2001;410:363–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bruins HJ, van der Plicht J, Mazar A. 14C dates from Tel Rehov: Iron-Age chronology, pharaohs, and Hebrew kings. Science 2003;300:315–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Donnelly CA, Woodroffe R, Cox DR, Bourne J, Gettinby G, Le Fevre AM, et al. Impact of localized badger culling on tuberculosis incidence in British cattle. Nature 2003;426:834–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Tikhomirov VV. Hydrogeochemistry Fundamentals and Advances. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Barjis J, Eldabi T, Gupta A, editors. Enterprise and Organizational Modeling and Simulation: 7th International Workshop, EOMAS 2011, held at CAiSE 2011, London, UK, June 20-21, 2011. Selected Papers. vol. 88. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sinclair C, Macleod H. Literally Virtual: The Reality of the Online Teacher. In: Jandrić P, Boras D, editors. Critical Learning in Digital Networks, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 77–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pancreatology.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. The Philae Lander Is Officially Dead. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/the-philae-lander-is-officially-dead/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Biotechnology: Delays in and Status of EPA’s Efforts to Issue a TSCA Regulation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Norton DA. O’Connor’s agent casual theory of free will: An evaluation. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Himelstein L. Like a Tupperware Party, With Punching. New York Times 2012:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePancreatology
AbbreviationPancreatology
ISSN (print)1424-3903
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Hepatology

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