How to format your references using the Pancreatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pancreatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marraffini LA. CRISPR-Cas immunity in prokaryotes. Nature 2015;526:55–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lin Y, Zhang Z. Controlling the efficiency of trapping in a scale-free small-world network. Sci Rep 2014;4:6274.
A journal article with 3 authors
Majumdar S, Singh A, Rio DC. The human THAP9 gene encodes an active P-element DNA transposase. Science 2013;339:446–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Klimanskaya I, Chung Y, Becker S, Lu S-J, Lanza R. Human embryonic stem cell lines derived from single blastomeres. Nature 2006;444:481–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boutillier S, Carré D, Levratto N. Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Sirdeshmukh DB. Micro- and Macro-Properties of Solids: Thermal, Mechanical and Dielectric Properties. vol. 80. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Trautschold M, Mazo G. Typing Tips, Copy/Paste & Search. In: Mazo G, editor. iPad Made Simple, Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010, p. 69–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pancreatology.

Blog post
Fang J. Males Of Sexually Cannibalistic Species Are Picky. IFLScience 2011. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telephone Communications: Cost and Funding Information on Lifeline Telephone Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haghighat R. An optimization model to allocate budget in school rehabilitation projects. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. A Glimpse of Vaudeville In a Renovated Movie House. New York Times 2002:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePancreatology
ISSN (print)1424-3903
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles