How to format your references using the Natural Resources Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Resources Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yanagida, M. (2004). Heads and tails. Nature, 429(6988), 135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stott, P. A., & Kettleborough, J. A. (2002). Origins and estimates of uncertainty in predictions of twenty-first century temperature rise. Nature, 416(6882), 723–726.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rowe, T., McBride, E. F., & Sereno, P. C. (2001). Dinosaur with a heart of stone. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5505), 783.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Okamoto, K., Iwai, Y., Oh-Hora, M., Yamamoto, M., Morio, T., Aoki, K., et al. (2010). IkappaBzeta regulates T(H)17 development by cooperating with ROR nuclear receptors. Nature, 464(7293), 1381–1385.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty, R. A. (2011). Enzyme Kinetics: Rapid-Equilibrium Enzyme Kinetics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
van Ham, M., Manley, D., Bailey, N., Simpson, L., & Maclennan, D. (Eds.). (2013). Understanding Neighbourhood Dynamics: New Insights for Neighbourhood Effects Research. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Guruler, H., & Istanbullu, A. (2014). Modeling Student Performance in Higher Education Using Data Mining. In A. Peña-Ayala (Ed.), Educational Data Mining: Applications and Trends (pp. 105–124). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Resources Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 16). Jupiter Twin Found Orbiting Sun-like Star. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Education and Labor: Information on the Departments’ Field Offices (No. HEHS-96-178). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tran, A. (2012). A psychoeducational program on hoarding within the Vietnamese community: Grant writing proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, March 27). Court Looks at Legal Role for Mentally Ill. New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yanagida 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Stott and Kettleborough 2002; Yanagida 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stott and Kettleborough 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Okamoto et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Resources Research
AbbreviationNat. Resour. Res.
ISSN (print)1520-7439
ISSN (online)1573-8981
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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