How to format your references using the Natural Resources Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Resources Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lüthi, M. (2013). Geophysics. Gauging Greenland’s subglacial water. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6147), 721–722.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell, C. S., & Desai, A. (2013). Tension sensing by Aurora B kinase is independent of survivin-based centromere localization. Nature, 497(7447), 118–121.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, Y., Samal, E., & Srivastava, D. (2005). Serum response factor regulates a muscle-specific microRNA that targets Hand2 during cardiogenesis. Nature, 436(7048), 214–220.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
He, R.-H., Hashimoto, M., Karapetyan, H., Koralek, J. D., Hinton, J. P., Testaud, J. P., et al. (2011). From a single-band metal to a high-temperature superconductor via two thermal phase transitions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6024), 1579–1583.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boillot, M. (2014). Advanced Smart Grids for Distribution System Operators: Volume 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Demina, L. L., & Galkin, S. V. (Eds.). (2016). Trace Metal Biogeochemistry and Ecology of Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent Systems (Vol. 50). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Golden, R. E., Collins, C. B., Cunningham, S. D., Newman, E. N., & Card, J. J. (2013). Overview of Structural Interventions to Increase Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) and Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). In C. B. Collins, S. D. Cunningham, E. N. Newman, & J. J. Card (Eds.), Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention (pp. 285–334). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Resources Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 18). Astonishing 1,600-Year-Old Roman Treasure Trove Found In Ancient Shipwreck. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Telephone Communications: Cost and Funding Information on Lifeline Telephone Service (No. RCED-87-189). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waterman, M. A. (2015). Housing for the homeless mentally ill population: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2007, May 20). When Grease Is the Way You Are Feeling. New York Times, p. NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lüthi 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Campbell and Desai 2013; Lüthi 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Campbell and Desai 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Resources Research
AbbreviationNat. Resour. Res.
ISSN (print)1520-7439
ISSN (online)1573-8981
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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