How to format your references using the Natural Resources Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Resources Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grossniklaus, U. (2009). Plant science. Paternal patterning cue. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5920), 1439–1440.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rignot, E., & Jacobs, S. S. (2002). Rapid bottom melting widespread near Antarctic Ice Sheet grounding lines. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5575), 2020–2023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Casanueva, M. O., Burga, A., & Lehner, B. (2012). Fitness trade-offs and environmentally induced mutation buffering in isogenic C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6064), 82–85.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Crooker, S. A., Furis, M., Lou, X., Adelmann, C., Smith, D. L., Palmstrøm, C. J., & Crowell, P. A. (2005). Imaging spin transport in lateral ferromagnet/semiconductor structures. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5744), 2191–2195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A. (2012). Fracture Mechanics 2. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
García-Vidal, J., & Cerdà-Alabern, L. (Eds.). (2007). Wireless Systems and Mobility in Next Generation Internet: Third International Workshop of the EURO-NGI Network of Excellence, Sitges, Spain, June 6-9, 2006, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 4396). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zheng, Y., & Jamil, S. (2012). Beyond Efficiency: China’s Energy Saving and Emission Reduction Initiatives vis-à-vis Human Development. In M. Caballero-Anthony, Y. Chang, & N. A. Putra (Eds.), Rethinking Energy Security in Asia: A Non-Traditional View of Human Security (pp. 79–98). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Resources Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 28). Genetically Modified Immune Cells With ‘Suicide Genes’ Designed To Attack Cancers. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Electronic Government: Performance Measures for Projects Aimed at Promoting Innovation and Transparency Can Be Improved (No. GAO-11-775). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Contartesi, R. A. (2010). School climate: A correlational analysis of superintendent leadership communication and employee performance (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, March 1). Jets Tell Revis They Plan to Release Him. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grossniklaus 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Grossniklaus 2009; Rignot and Jacobs 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rignot and Jacobs 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Crooker et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Resources Research
AbbreviationNat. Resour. Res.
ISSN (print)1520-7439
ISSN (online)1573-8981
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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