How to format your references using the Natural Resources Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Resources Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vosshall, L. B. (2007). Into the mind of a fly. Nature, 450(7167), 193–197.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohrbach, A., & Schmidt, M. W. (2011). Redox freezing and melting in the Earth’s deep mantle resulting from carbon-iron redox coupling. Nature, 472(7342), 209–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silvarolla, M. B., Mazzafera, P., & Fazuoli, L. C. (2004). Plant biochemistry: a naturally decaffeinated arabica coffee. Nature, 429(6994), 826.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nybakken, G. E., Oliphant, T., Johnson, S., Burke, S., Diamond, M. S., & Fremont, D. H. (2005). Structural basis of West Nile virus neutralization by a therapeutic antibody. Nature, 437(7059), 764–769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ballast, D. K. (2010). Interior Detailing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cowling, M. G. (Ed.). (2007). Vascular Interventional Radiology: Angioplasty, Stenting, Thrombolysis and Thrombectomy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hall, K. S. K. (2016). Multicultural Sensitivity in the Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction. In L. I. Lipshultz, A. W. Pastuszak, A. T. Goldstein, A. Giraldi, & M. A. Perelman (Eds.), Management of Sexual Dysfunction in Men and Women: An Interdisciplinary Approach (pp. 25–29). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Resources Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 12). Rare Drone Footage Captures Whales Hunting Down And Grabbing A Shark. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ August 2000 Interim Spending Plan (No. GAO-01-91). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bonin, C. (2010). Spatial and temporal characteristics of electromagnetic activity in the brain prior to reaches to visual targets (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Anderson, J. (2016, December 16). A Call to ‘Respect the Feathers.’ New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vosshall 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Rohrbach and Schmidt 2011; Vosshall 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rohrbach and Schmidt 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Nybakken et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Resources Research
AbbreviationNat. Resour. Res.
ISSN (print)1520-7439
ISSN (online)1573-8981
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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