How to format your references using the Natural Resources Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Resources Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nori, F. (2009). Physics. Quantum football. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5941), 689–690.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh, D. J., & Parker, D. (2013). Itinerant magnetism in doped semiconducting β-FeSi₂ and CrSi₂. Scientific reports, 3, 3517.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loudon, J. C., Mathur, N. D., & Midgley, P. A. (2002). Charge-ordered ferromagnetic phase in La(0.5)Ca(0.5)MnO3. Nature, 420(6917), 797–800.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kamnaksh, A., Budde, M. D., Kovesdi, E., Long, J. B., Frank, J. A., & Agoston, D. V. (2014). Diffusion tensor imaging reveals acute subcortical changes after mild blast-induced traumatic brain injury. Scientific reports, 4, 4809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belliotti, R. A. (2011). Dante’s Deadly Sins. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ichalkaranje, N., Ichalkaranje, A., & Jain, L. C. (Eds.). (2006). Intelligent Paradigms for Assistive and Preventive Healthcare (Vol. 19). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mas, A. C., Nethsinghe, R., & Forrest, D. (2016). The Arts within a Sustainable Educational Agenda. In T. Barkatsas & A. Bertram (Eds.), Global Learning in the 21st Century (pp. 71–82). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Resources Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, May 29). Hair Growth Discovery Could Help Develop A Treatment For Hair Loss. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Student Consolidation Loans: Further Analysis Could Lead to Enhanced Default Assumptions for Budgetary Cost Estimates (No. GAO-04-843). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren, S. M. (2015). The leadership process: An analysis of follower influence on leader behavior in hospital organizations (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016, August 30). Fox Wants Harassment Suit by Host Sent to Arbitration. New York Times, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nori 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Nori 2009; Singh and Parker 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singh and Parker 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kamnaksh et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Resources Research
AbbreviationNat. Resour. Res.
ISSN (print)1520-7439
ISSN (online)1573-8981
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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