How to format your references using the Palynology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Palynology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kemp M. 2002. Science in culture: naturally natural. Albrecht Dürer’s studies of animals have a life of their own. Nature. 420(6917):744.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haynes BF, Verkoczy L. 2014. AIDS/HIV. Host controls of HIV neutralizing antibodies. Science. 344(6184):588–589.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gustafson JL, Lim D, Miller SJ. 2010. Dynamic kinetic resolution of biaryl atropisomers via peptide-catalyzed asymmetric bromination. Science. 328(5983):1251–1255.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Stevenson RM, Young RJ, Atkinson P, Cooper K, Ritchie DA, Shields AJ. 2006. A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs. Nature. 439(7073):179–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Attwood D, Baybutt P, Devlin C, Fluharty W, Hughes G, Isaacson D, Joyner P, Lee E, Lorenzo D, Morrison L, Ormsby B. 2006. Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Feld LG, Kaskel FJ, editors. 2010. Fluid and Electrolytes in Pediatrics: A Comprehensive Handbook. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Knepper MM, Fox KL, Frieder O. 2009. A Prototype Search Toolkit. In: Argamon S, Howard N, editors. Computational Methods for Counterterrorism. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Palynology.

Blog post
Taub B. 2017. Science Reveals Secrets To Dexterity Of Elephants’ Trunks. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. District of Columbia: D.C. Public Schools Inappropriately Used Gas Utility Contract for Renovations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhong A. 2017. Product Development Considerations for a Nutrient Rich Bar Using Cricket (Acheta domesticus) Protein [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G. 2012. Baroque Opera at the Ambronay Festival. New York Times.:0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kemp 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kemp 2002; Haynes and Verkoczy 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haynes and Verkoczy 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Stevenson et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePalynology
ISSN (print)0191-6122
ISSN (online)1558-9188

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