How to format your references using the Palynology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Palynology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Apkarian VA. 2006. Chemistry. A pixellated window on chemistry in solids. Science. 313:1747–1748.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peacock E, Garshelis DL. 2006. Comment on “On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects” IV. Science. 313:45; author reply 45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kraft NJB, Valencia R, Ackerly DD. 2008. Functional traits and niche-based tree community assembly in an Amazonian forest. Science. 322:580–582.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Scanlon TM, Caylor KK, Levin SA, Rodriguez-Iturbe I. 2007. Positive feedbacks promote power-law clustering of Kalahari vegetation. Nature. 449:209–212.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aït-Kadi D, Chouinard M, Marcotte S, Riopel D. 2012. Sustainable Reverse Logistics Network. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kües U, Fischer R, editors. 2006. Growth, Differentiation and Sexuality. 2nd Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Trauernicht C. 2016. Principles of Radiation Dose in Computed Tomography and Computed Tomography Colonography. In: Bortz JH, Ramlaul A, Munro L, editors. CT Colonography for Radiographers: A Guide to Performance and Image Interpretation. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 41–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Palynology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Potential Life on Red Dwarf Planets In Peril Due To Extreme Space Weather. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. NASA’s Choice of a Location for Its Proposed Lunar Curatorial Facility. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vincent C. 2010. Viewing Dissociative Identity Disorder through a Jungian lens [Doctoral dissertation]. Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. 2007. Making College a Reality For Hispanic Students. New York Times.:14WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Apkarian 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Peacock & Garshelis 2006; Apkarian 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peacock & Garshelis 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Scanlon et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePalynology
ISSN (print)0191-6122
ISSN (online)1558-9188

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