How to format your references using the European Urology Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Urology Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leach M. Accommodating dissent. Nature 2007;450:483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haque SA, Nelson J. Physics. Toward organic all-optical switching. Science 2010;327:1466–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Galdi S, Arcuri L, Gawronski B. Automatic mental associations predict future choices of undecided decision-makers. Science 2008;321:1100–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sheppard SK, McCarthy ND, Falush D, Maiden MCJ. Convergence of Campylobacter species: implications for bacterial evolution. Science 2008;320:237–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Villalta T. The Large-Cap Portfolio. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Bilbao JI, Reiser MF, editors. Liver Radioembolization with 90Y Microspheres. 2nd ed. 2014. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Kayakutlu G, Ercan S. Regional Energy Portfolio Construction: Case Studies in Turkey. In: Cucchiella F, Koh L, editors. Sustainable Future Energy Technology and Supply Chains: A Multi-perspective Analysis, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 107–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Urology Supplements.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. SpaceX Makes History As It Launches And Lands A Reusable Rocket For The First Time. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Modernization: IRS’ Tax System Redesign Progress and Plans for the Future. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolakoski M. The appeal to be heard and the trope of listening in classic film and African American literature. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J. Views Conflict on Exxon Mobil’s Ties to Those Who Reject Climate Science. New York Times 2016:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Urology Supplements
AbbreviationEur. Urol. Suppl.
ISSN (print)1569-9056

Other styles