How to format your references using the European Urology Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Urology Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Montgomery MH. Astronomy. Shooting for the stars. Science 2011;332:180–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Berndt JD, Moon RT. Cell biology. Making a point with Wnt signals. Science 2013;339:1388–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Fabiańska J, Kassier G, Feurer T. Split ring resonator based THz-driven electron streak camera featuring femtosecond resolution. Sci Rep 2014;4:5645.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Foerster K, Delhey K, Johnsen A, Lifjeld JT, Kempenaers B. Females increase offspring heterozygosity and fitness through extra-pair matings. Nature 2003;425:714–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Attoh-Okine NO. Big Data and Differential Privacy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Weber WG, Thoma M, Ostendorf A, Chisholm L, editors. Democratic Competences and Social Practices in Organizations. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Dawson AG, Waller DA. Cervical Mediastino-Thoracoscopy. In: Zieliński M, Rami-Porta R, editors. The Transcervical Approach in Thoracic Surgery, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 45–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Urology Supplements.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Diverse Ecosystems Control Infectious Diseases. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/diverse-ecosystems-control-infectious-diseases/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Natural Gas Regulation: Pipeline Transportation Under FERC Order 436. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Johnson R. Grounding theatricality in reality: The creation of the role of Suzie in “Current Nobody.” Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gustines GG. Murphy Anderson, 89, Longtime DC Comics Artist. New York Times 2015:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Urology Supplements
AbbreviationEur. Urol. Suppl.
ISSN (print)1569-9056
ScopeUrology

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