How to format your references using the European Urology Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Urology Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Chen IA. GE Prize-winning essay. The emergence of cells during the origin of life. Science 2006;314:1558–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Després J-P, Lemieux I. Abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome. Nature 2006;444:881–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Abu-Raddad LJ, Patnaik P, Kublin JG. Dual infection with HIV and malaria fuels the spread of both diseases in sub-Saharan Africa. Science 2006;314:1603–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Engelbrecht BMJ, Comita LS, Condit R, Kursar TA, Tyree MT, Turner BL, et al. Drought sensitivity shapes species distribution patterns in tropical forests. Nature 2007;447:80–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cowan JP. The Effects of Sound on People. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Dörner R, Göbel S, Kickmeier-Rust M, Masuch M, Zweig K, editors. Entertainment Computing and Serious Games: International GI-Dagstuhl Seminar 15283, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, July 5-10, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 9970. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kirkwood DH, Suéry M, Kapranos P, Atkinson HV, Young KP. Recent Developments in Slurry Formation. In: Suéry M, Kapranos P, Atkinson HV, Young KP, editors. Semi-solid Processing of Alloys, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 35–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Urology Supplements.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Why Parrots Have Unusually Large Brains. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-parrots-have-unusually-large-brains/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Nanomanufacturing: Emergence and Implications for U.S. Competitiveness, the Environment, and Human Health. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Heatlie JM. Effects of Simulation on Senior Nursing Students’ Patient Safety Competence: A Quantitative Study. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Capecchi C, Williams T. Helicopter Crash Victims Named. New York Times 2011:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Urology Supplements
AbbreviationEur. Urol. Suppl.
ISSN (print)1569-9056
ScopeUrology

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