How to format your references using the International Journal of Refrigeration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Refrigeration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cunningham, T., 2004. Graduate journal: show us the money! Nature 429, 906.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blázquez, M.A., Weigel, D., 2000. Integration of floral inductive signals in Arabidopsis. Nature 404, 889–892.
A journal article with 3 authors
Panday, V., Tiest, W.M.B., Kappers, A.M.L., 2014. Integration of length and curvature in haptic perception. Sci. Rep. 4, 3856.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Albert, I., Mavrich, T.N., Tomsho, L.P., Qi, J., Zanton, S.J., Schuster, S.C., Pugh, B.F., 2007. Translational and rotational settings of H2A.Z nucleosomes across the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. Nature 446, 572–576.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGrath, A.E., 2011. Luther’s Theology of the Cross. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Chen, Y., Ienne, P., Ji, Q. (Eds.), 2015. Advanced Parallel Processing Technologies: 11th International Symposium, APPT 2015, Jinan, China, August 20-21, 2015, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lengstorf, J., Leggetter, P., 2013. Determining the App’s Functionality and Structure, in: Leggetter, P. (Ed.), Realtime Web Apps: With HTML5 WebSocket, PHP, and JQuery. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Refrigeration.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Very Hot Drinks “Probably” Cause Cancer, Says The World Health Organization [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Key Marine Corps System Acquisition Needs to Be Better Justified, Defined, and Managed (No. GAO-08-822). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradley, K.A., 2014. A Tennessee Irish Picnic: Foodways and Complex Community Dynamics (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Supreme Court Takes Up Global Warming Case. New York Times A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cunningham, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Blázquez and Weigel, 2000; Cunningham, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blázquez and Weigel, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Albert et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Refrigeration
AbbreviationInt. J. Refrig.
ISSN (print)0140-7007
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Building and Construction

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