How to format your references using the Paediatric Respiratory Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Paediatric Respiratory Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V. While industrial agrobiotech R&D falters, opportunities in plant biology in the public sector are growing. Nature 2002;419:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clauset A, Erwin DH. The evolution and distribution of species body size. Science 2008;321:399–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang K, Zhang Y, Wang S. Enhancing thermoelectric properties of organic composites through hierarchical nanostructures. Sci Rep 2013;3:3448.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Diep CQ, Ma D, Deo RC, Holm TM, Naylor RW, Arora N, et al. Identification of adult nephron progenitors capable of kidney regeneration in zebrafish. Nature 2011;470:95–100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arden JB, Linford L. Brain-Based Therapy with Adults. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Lewis R. iPhone and iPad Apps for Absolute Beginners. 3rd Edition. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Rohde M, Wulf V. CSCL@Networking: Regional Learning in Software Industries. In: Goggins SP, Jahnke I, Wulf V, editors. Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning at the Workplace: CSCL@Work, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013, p. 65–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Paediatric Respiratory Reviews.

Blog post
Fang J. Scientists Discover Fossils from the Most Massive Penguin Ever. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. SBA Loan Monitoring System: Substantial Progress Yet Key Risks and Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson JM. Service learning: Providing the building blocks for a socially responsible nursing role. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. ‘Biggest Fight’ Behind Her, Kvitova Returns Ahead of Schedule. New York Times 2017:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePaediatric Respiratory Reviews
AbbreviationPaediatr. Respir. Rev.
ISSN (print)1526-0542
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles