How to format your references using the Paediatric Respiratory Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Paediatric Respiratory Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chesebro B. Biomedicine. A fresh look at BSE. Science 2004;305:1918–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ali JR, Huber M. Mammalian biodiversity on Madagascar controlled by ocean currents. Nature 2010;463:653–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sergio F, Newton I, Marchesi L. Conservation: top predators and biodiversity. Nature 2005;436:192.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Claes JM, Dean MN, Nilsson D-E, Hart NS, Mallefet J. A deepwater fish with ’lightsabers’--dorsal spine-associated luminescence in a counterilluminating lanternshark. Sci Rep 2013;3:1308.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chatterji S, Hedges P. Loan Workouts and Debt for Equity Swaps. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Parodi G, Sciulli D, editors. Social Exclusion: Short and Long Term Causes and Consequences. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Loranc-Paszylk B. The Foreign Language Classroom in the New Media Age: Videoconferencing and Negotiated Interaction Among L2 Learners. In: Piasecka L, Adams-Tukiendorf M, Wilk P, editors. New Media and Perennial Problems in Foreign Language Learning and Teaching, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Paediatric Respiratory Reviews.

Blog post
Davis J. Pig-Like “Bacon Turtle” Swam The Ancient Waterways Of Utah. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. HUD-Assisted Renters. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crawford JD. Teacher Job Satisfaction as Related to Student Performance on State-Mandated Testing. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson DJ, Eligon J. Rams’ Departure Is Another Blow to St. Louis Area, and a Chance to Shift Priorities. New York Times 2016:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePaediatric Respiratory Reviews
AbbreviationPaediatr. Respir. Rev.
ISSN (print)1526-0542
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles