How to format your references using the Paediatric Respiratory Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Paediatric Respiratory Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Beasley M. Michael Tinkham (1928-2010). Nature 2010;468:766.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
O’Neil DD, Gillikin DP. Do freshwater mussel shells record road-salt pollution? Sci Rep 2014;4:7168.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mabe S, Nagamune T, Kawahara M. Detecting protein-protein interactions based on kinase-mediated growth induction of mammalian cells. Sci Rep 2014;4:6127.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Beauchamp GK, Keast RSJ, Morel D, Lin J, Pika J, Han Q, et al. Phytochemistry: ibuprofen-like activity in extra-virgin olive oil. Nature 2005;437:45–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ehrlich E, Fanelli D. The Financial Services Marketing Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Yamanouchi K. Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science III. vol. 89. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Fritzson P, Broman D, Cellier F, Nytsch-Geusen C. Equation-Based Object-Oriented Languages and Tools Report on the Workshop EOOLT 2007 at ECOOP 2007. In: Cebulla M, editor. Object-Oriented Technology. ECOOP 2007 Workshop Reader: ECOOP 2007 Workshops, Berlin, Germany, July 30-31, 2007, Final Reports, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 27–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Paediatric Respiratory Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Outer Envelope of Flu Virus Simulated for the First Time. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Project on Standardization of Basic Financial Information Requirements of Central Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Day KC. CPA Perceptions of Human Skills for Professional Competency Development Needs. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Yablonsky L. Exhibit A-List. New York Times 2009:M226.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePaediatric Respiratory Reviews
AbbreviationPaediatr. Respir. Rev.
ISSN (print)1526-0542
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles