How to format your references using the Paediatric Respiratory Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Paediatric Respiratory Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Cuomo S. Beyond the ivory tower. The sinews of war: ancient catapults. Science 2004;303:771–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Herrera AM, Cohn MJ. Embryonic origin and compartmental organization of the external genitalia. Sci Rep 2014;4:6896.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Grosenick L, Clement TS, Fernald RD. Fish can infer social rank by observation alone. Nature 2007;445:429–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kalir S, McClure J, Pabbaraju K, Southward C, Ronen M, Leibler S, et al. Ordering genes in a flagella pathway by analysis of expression kinetics from living bacteria. Science 2001;292:2080–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Palmquist SR. Comprehensive Commentary on Kant’s Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Foss C, Gray JW, Whalen Z, editors. Disability in Comic Books and Graphic Narratives. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Baz A, Shang D, Xia F, Yakovlev A, Bystrov A. Improving the Robustness of Self-timed SRAM to Variable Vdds. In: Ayala JL, García-Cámara B, Prieto M, Ruggiero M, Sicard G, editors. Integrated Circuit and System Design. Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization, and Simulation: 21st International Workshop, PATMOS 2011, Madrid, Spain, September 26-29, 2011. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 32–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Paediatric Respiratory Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. X-rays Reveal Text on Scorched Herculaneum Scrolls. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Financial Markets: Status of Computer Improvements at the New York Stock Exchange. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Seidel JG. Adolescent female stress management curriculum. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gustines GG. Sharing the Wealth as a Comic Book Goes Hollywood. New York Times 2013:BU5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePaediatric Respiratory Reviews
AbbreviationPaediatr. Respir. Rev.
ISSN (print)1526-0542
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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