How to format your references using the Prevention Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Prevention Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Karoly, D. J. (2003). Atmospheric science. Ozone and climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5643), 236–237.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mougi, A., & Kondoh, M. (2012). Diversity of interaction types and ecological community stability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6092), 349–351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Okabe, Y., Sano, T., & Nagata, S. (2009). Regulation of the innate immune response by threonine-phosphatase of Eyes absent. Nature, 460(7254), 520–524.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kissel, J., Krueger, F. R., Silén, J., & Clark, B. C. (2004). The Cometary and Interstellar Dust Analyzer at comet 81P/Wild 2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5678), 1774–1776.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waxman, A. B. (2017). Rogues of Wall Street. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cleveland, R. H. (Ed.). (2012). Imaging in Pediatric Pulmonology. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Brutinel, E. D., & Gralnick, J. A. (2012). On the Role of Endogenous Electron Shuttles in Extracellular Electron Transfer. In J. Gescher & A. Kappler (Eds.), Microbial Metal Respiration: From Geochemistry to Potential Applications (pp. 83–105). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Prevention Science.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, October 7). New Summit Announced To Highlight Much-Needed Optimism In Conservation. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Influence Of Public Affairs Organizations On Information And Advertising Programs (No. B-161939). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dillard, C. (2017). Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) and Implementation Science (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M., & Steel, E. (2017, May 1). Fox News, Pledging New Culture, Ousts Another Symbol of Old One. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Karoly 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Karoly 2003; Mougi and Kondoh 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mougi and Kondoh 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kissel et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePrevention Science
AbbreviationPrev. Sci.
ISSN (print)1389-4986
ISSN (online)1573-6695
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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