How to format your references using the Prevention Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Prevention Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Melino, G. (2010). Journal club. A cancer biologist weighs up p53, metabolism and cancer. Nature, 466(7309), 905.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prlic, M., & Bevan, M. J. (2006). Immunology. An antibody paradox, resolved. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5769), 1875–1876.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmberg, J., Clarke, D. L., & Frisén, J. (2000). Regulation of repulsion versus adhesion by different splice forms of an Eph receptor. Nature, 408(6809), 203–206.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wagner, F. E., Haslbeck, S., Stievano, L., Calogero, S., Pankhurst, Q. A., & Martinek, K. P. (2000). Before striking gold in gold-ruby glass. Nature, 407(6805), 691–692.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aasma, A., Dutta, H., & Natarajan, P. N. (2017). An Introductory Course in Summability Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Crockett, L. J., & Carlo, G. (Eds.). (2016). Rural Ethnic Minority Youth and Families in the United States: Theory, Research, and Applications (1st ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Samokhvalov, V. (2013). Cyprus. In H. Biehl, B. Giegerich, & A. Jonas (Eds.), Strategic Cultures in Europe: Security and Defence Policies Across the Continent (pp. 55–67). Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Prevention Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 15). 3D Printed Shark Skin Shows The Power Of Microscopic “Teeth.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Intercity Passenger Rail: Highlights of GAO Report on Need for National Policy and Strategies to Maximize Public Benefits from Federal Expenditures (No. GAO-07-382R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sevier, J. (2013). A preventative and treatment substance use program for GLBT adolescents in Long Beach: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, October 26). Texas School Group Adjusts Schedule Policy. New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Melino 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Melino 2010; Prlic and Bevan 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prlic and Bevan 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wagner et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePrevention Science
AbbreviationPrev. Sci.
ISSN (print)1389-4986
ISSN (online)1573-6695
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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