How to format your references using the Prevention Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Prevention Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernhard, J. M. (2003). Potential symbionts in bathyal foraminifera. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5608), 861.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ramocki, M. B., & Zoghbi, H. Y. (2008). Failure of neuronal homeostasis results in common neuropsychiatric phenotypes. Nature, 455(7215), 912–918.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halberda, J., Mazzocco, M. M. M., & Feigenson, L. (2008). Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievement. Nature, 455(7213), 665–668.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Blackmer, T., Larsen, E. C., Takahashi, M., Martin, T. F., Alford, S., & Hamm, H. E. (2001). G protein betagamma subunit-mediated presynaptic inhibition: regulation of exocytotic fusion downstream of Ca2+ entry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5515), 293–297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, F., & Aizawa, K. (2010). The Bounds of Cognition. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Schomburg, D., Schomburg, I., & Chang, A. (Eds.). (2006). Class 2 · Transferases IV: EC - (Second Edition., Vol. 31). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Barn, B. S., & Clark, T. (2010). A Domain Specific Language for Contextual Design. In R. Bernhaupt, P. Forbrig, J. Gulliksen, & M. Lárusdóttir (Eds.), Human-Centred Software Engineering: Third International Conference, HCSE 2010, Reykjavik, Iceland, October 14-15, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 46–61). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Prevention Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, May 19). “Doomsday” Vault Flooded After Permafrost Melts Due To Climate Change. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Tax System Modernization: An Assessment of IRS’ Design Master Plan (No. IMTEC-91-53BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zelaya, G. S. (2012). Hopelessness and diabetes: Do Hispanic diabetic patients feel less hopeless eating fruits, vegetables and exercising regularly? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yeginsu, C., & Rao, P. S. (2017, August 17). Malala Yousafzai, Girls’ Advocate Shot by Taliban, Has Been Accepted to Oxford. New York Times, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernhard 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bernhard 2003; Ramocki and Zoghbi 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ramocki and Zoghbi 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Blackmer et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePrevention Science
AbbreviationPrev. Sci.
ISSN (print)1389-4986
ISSN (online)1573-6695
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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