How to format your references using the Prevention Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Prevention Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Delude, C. (2011). Tumorigenesis: Testing ground for cancer stem cells. Nature, 480(7377), S43-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gallotti, R., & Barthelemy, M. (2014). Anatomy and efficiency of urban multimodal mobility. Scientific reports, 4, 6911.
A journal article with 3 authors
McQuibban, G. A., Saurya, S., & Freeman, M. (2003). Mitochondrial membrane remodelling regulated by a conserved rhomboid protease. Nature, 423(6939), 537–541.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, C.-M., Chang, S.-W., Wu, Y.-J. J., Lin, J.-C., Ho, H.-H., Chou, T.-C., et al. (2014). Genetic variations in Toll-like receptors (TLRs 3/7/8) are associated with systemic lupus erythematosus in a Taiwanese population. Scientific reports, 4, 3792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pederson, L. D. (2015). Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Monfort, V., Krempels, K.-H., Majchrzak, T. A., & Turk, Ž. (Eds.). (2016). Web Information Systems and Technologies: 11th International Conference, WEBIST 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, May 20–22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (1st ed. 2016., Vol. 246). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bajd, T., Mihelj, M., Lenarčič, J., Stanovnik, A., & Munih, M. (2010). Two-segment robot manipulator. In M. Mihelj, J. Lenarcic, A. Stanovnik, & M. Munih (Eds.), Robotics (pp. 33–48). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Prevention Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 15). Why Do Leaves Change Color In Fall? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). District of Columbia Public Schools: Status of Fiscal Year 1998 Roof Projects (No. T-AIMD-98-219). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bartenhagen, J. (2012). Transitioning organizations for sustainability: Exploring the intersection of sustainability, worldview, and organization development (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, January 12). A 1986 Case Could Aid Appeals Along Death Row. New York Times, p. A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Delude 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Delude 2011; Gallotti and Barthelemy 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gallotti and Barthelemy 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePrevention Science
AbbreviationPrev. Sci.
ISSN (print)1389-4986
ISSN (online)1573-6695
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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