How to format your references using the Ocean Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ocean Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes D (2015) The problem with platinum. Nature 527:S218-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubin EM, Tall A (2000) Perspectives for vascular genomics. Nature 407:265–269
A journal article with 3 authors
Kislev ME, Hartmann A, Bar-Yosef O (2006) Early domesticated fig in the Jordan Valley. Science 312:1372–1374
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Clemente-Blanco A, Mayán-Santos M, Schneider DA, et al (2009) Cdc14 inhibits transcription by RNA polymerase I during anaphase. Nature 458:219–222

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chartered Institute of Building (2016) Code of Practice for Programme Management in the Built Environment. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Mander Ü, Wiggering H, Helming K (eds) (2007) Multifunctional Land Use: Meeting Future Demands for Landscape Goods and Services. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Morales Trujillo M, Oktaba H, Pino FJ, Orozco MJ (2011) Applying Agile and Lean Practices in a Software Development Project into a CMMI Organization. In: Caivano D, Oivo M, Baldassarre MT, Visaggio G (eds) Product-Focused Software Process Improvement: 12th International Conference, PROFES 2011, Torre Canne, Italy, June 20-22, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 17–29

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ocean Dynamics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) If Color Affects Taxi Safety, Which Shade Is Safest? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) Information Technology: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Needs to Strengthen Its Strategic Planning and Oversight to Modernize Legacy Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Friedman DE (2017) Characterization of Organic Matter in Suspended Sediments Via Pyrolysis and Oxidation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2016) Metallica’s ‘Hardwired’ Hits No. 1 on Chart. New York Times C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Rubin and Tall 2000; Holmes 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rubin and Tall 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Clemente-Blanco et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleOcean Dynamics
AbbreviationOcean Dyn.
ISSN (print)1616-7341
ISSN (online)1616-7228

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