How to format your references using the Ocean Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ocean Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MacNeil S (2007) Progress and opportunities for tissue-engineered skin. Nature 445:874–880
A journal article with 2 authors
Brent R, Lok L (2005) Cell biology. A fishing buddy for hypothesis generators. Science 308:504–506
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu G-Z, Radtke G, Botton GA (2012) Bonding and structure of a reconstructed (001) surface of SrTiO3 from TEM. Nature 490:384–387
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Qin W, Gong M, Shastry T, et al (2014) Charge-transfer induced magnetic field effects of nano-carbon heterojunctions. Sci Rep 4:6126

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matloff R, Chaillou JH (2013) Nonprofit Investment and Development Solutions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Teixeira PN, Dill DD (eds) (2011) Public Vices, Private Virtues?: Assessing the Effects of Marketization in Higher Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Beckner M, Arisawa T (2013) JScript and the REST Endpoint API. In: Arisawa T (ed) Microsoft Dynamics CRM API Development for Online and On-Premise Environments. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 47–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ocean Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Groundbreaking New Source Of Renewable Energy Invented By Scientists. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) The Civil Division, 1956-1972: Interview With Gregory J. Ahart, Henry Eschwege, and Victor L. Lowe. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkins D (2015) The Value of the Semantic Differential to the Art Educator. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tomasky M (2017) A Bad Deal for Democrats. New York Times A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (MacNeil 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Brent and Lok 2005; MacNeil 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brent and Lok 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Qin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOcean Dynamics
AbbreviationOcean Dyn.
ISSN (print)1616-7341
ISSN (online)1616-7228

Other styles