How to format your references using the Ocean Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ocean Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schreiner PR (2010) Chemistry. Cooperativity tames reactive catalysts. Science 327:965–966
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown S, Zarin D (2013) Environmental science. What does zero deforestation mean? Science 342:805–807
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruder WC, Lu T, Collins JJ (2011) Synthetic biology moving into the clinic. Science 333:1248–1252
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Craig NJ, Taylor JM, Lester EA, et al (2004) Tunable nonlocal spin control in a coupled-quantum dot system. Science 304:565–567

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glover F, Klingman D, Phillips NV (1992) Network Models in Optimization and their Applications in Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hackett CJ, Harn DA (eds) (2006) Vaccine Adjuvants: Immunological and Clinical Principles. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Trucchia F, Romei J (2010) Principles and Rules. In: Romei J, Lowman M, Andres C, et al. (eds) Pro PHP Refactoring. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 47–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ocean Dynamics.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Svalbard “Doomsday” Seed Vault To Get Revamp After Permafrost Melt Leak. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Homeland Security: Improvements in Managing Research and Development Could Help Reduce Inefficiencies and Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sidwell MD (2017) Indirect measures as predictors of social skills observed through means of direct observation. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J (2017) Ancient Guano Reveals a Tale of Penguins Devastated by Volcanoes. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schreiner 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Schreiner 2010; Brown and Zarin 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Zarin 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Craig et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleOcean Dynamics
AbbreviationOcean Dyn.
ISSN (print)1616-7341
ISSN (online)1616-7228

Other styles