How to format your references using the Ocean Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ocean Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hallet B (2006) Geology. Why do freezing rocks break? Science 314:1092–1093
A journal article with 2 authors
Chavis P, Westbrook G (2001) Integrins mediate functional pre- and postsynaptic maturation at a hippocampal synapse. Nature 411:317–321
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones MR, Seeman NC, Mirkin CA (2015) Nanomaterials. Programmable materials and the nature of the DNA bond. Science 347:1260901
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Qiao Y, Molina H, Pandey A, et al (2006) Chemical rescue of a mutant enzyme in living cells. Science 311:1293–1297

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zarowski CJ (2004) An Introduction to Numerical Analysis for Electrical and Computer Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Goldberg DJ (ed) (2013) Laser Dermatology, 2nd ed. 2013. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Campbell HEAE, Wehlau DL (2011) Monomial Orderings and SAGBI Bases. In: Wehlau DL (ed) Modular Invariant Theory. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 83–97

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ocean Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Why We’ll All Learn To Love Genetically Modified Salmonella In The End. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) National Airspace System: Experts’ Views on Improving the U.S. Air Traffic Control Modernization Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah N (2017) High Performance Cryptography for Electronic Product Code for Internet of Things Applications. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) More Teams Would Ruin a Great Thing. New York Times B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hallet 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chavis and Westbrook 2001; Hallet 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chavis and Westbrook 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Qiao et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleOcean Dynamics
AbbreviationOcean Dyn.
ISSN (print)1616-7341
ISSN (online)1616-7228

Other styles