How to format your references using the Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anand, M., 2014. Planetary science. Analyzing Moon rocks. Science 344, 365–366.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shah, R.R., Abbott, N.L., 2001. Principles for measurement of chemical exposure based on recognition-driven anchoring transitions in liquid crystals. Science 293, 1296–1299.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wessling, M., Morcillo, L.G., Abdu, S., 2014. Nanometer-thick lateral polyelectrolyte micropatterns induce macrosopic electro-osmotic chaotic fluid instabilities. Sci. Rep. 4, 4294.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Forbes, A.A., Powell, T.H.Q., Stelinski, L.L., Smith, J.J., Feder, J.L., 2009. Sequential sympatric speciation across trophic levels. Science 323, 776–779.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mix, P.E., 2004. Introduction to Nondestructive Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Anděl, J., Bičík, I., Dostál, P., Lipský, Z., Shahneshin, S.G. (Eds.), 2010. Landscape Modelling: Geographical Space, Transformation and Future Scenarios, Urban and Landscape Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Graves, N., Jarvis, W., Halton, K., 2009. Changes Arising from the Adoption of Infection Control Programs, in: Halton, K., Jarvis, W. (Eds.), Economics and Preventing Healthcare Acquired Infection. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 67–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Markings On 3.4-Million-Year-Old Bones Suggest They Were Butchered, Not Trampled [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Nonimmigrant Visa Processing (No. NSIAD-95-122R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark, S., 2014. Psychological resilience, daily stressors, and implications for physical activity levels in mothers with young children (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leibovich, M., 2013. The Redemption of the Slugger. New York Times MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anand, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Anand, 2014; Shah and Abbott, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shah and Abbott, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Forbes et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN (print)2405-8831

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