How to format your references using the Seismological Research Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seismological Research Letters (SRL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stoll, H. (2009). Journal club. A biogeochemist sees the value of diversity in a changing ocean, Nature 460, no. 7258, 935.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohde, R. A., and R. A. Muller (2005). Cycles in fossil diversity, Nature 434, no. 7030, 208–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Babbush, R., P. J. Love, and A. Aspuru-Guzik (2014). Adiabatic quantum simulation of quantum chemistry, Sci. Rep. 4, 6603.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Dorrello, N. V., A. Peschiaroli, D. Guardavaccaro, N. H. Colburn, N. E. Sherman, and M. Pagano (2006). S6K1- and betaTRCP-mediated degradation of PDCD4 promotes protein translation and cell growth, Science 314, no. 5798, 467–471.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grigg, N. S. (2010). Infrastructure Finance, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Seli, E., and A. Agarwal (Editors) (2012). Fertility Preservation: Emerging Technologies and Clinical Applications, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Lont, M., D. Milosevic, and A. van Roermund (2014). Receiver Front-End Version 1, in Wake-up Receiver Based Ultra-Low-Power WBAN D. Milosevic, and A. van Roermund(Editors), Springer International Publishing, Cham, Analog Circuits and Signal Processing, 93–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seismological Research Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Is Aircraft Cabin Air Toxic?, IFLScience: <; (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Information Management: Issues Important to Farmers Home Administration Systems Modernization, IMTEC-89-64, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Florio, M. L. (2012). Assessing the impacts of knowing natural team player styles on team satisfaction and cohesion, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016). Universal’s Deal for Prince’s Songwriting Rights May Bring a Wider Audience, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stoll, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Rohde and Muller, 2005; Stoll, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rohde and Muller, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Dorrello et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSeismological Research Letters
ISSN (print)0895-0695
ISSN (online)1938-2057

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