How to format your references using the Seismological Research Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seismological Research Letters (SRL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickson, D. (2002). Anil Agarwal (1947-2002), Nature 415, no. 6870, 384.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adler, S. L., and A. Bassi (2009). Physics. Is quantum theory exact?, Science 325, no. 5938, 275–276.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dalli, J., R. A. Colas, and C. N. Serhan (2013). Novel n-3 immunoresolvents: structures and actions, Sci. Rep. 3, 1940.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Huangfu, D., A. Liu, A. S. Rakeman, N. S. Murcia, L. Niswander, and K. V. Anderson (2003). Hedgehog signalling in the mouse requires intraflagellar transport proteins, Nature 426, no. 6962, 83–87.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedlacek, H. H., A. M. Sapienza, and V. Eid (2008). Ways to Successful Strategies in Drug Research and Development, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Kaminsky, W. (Editor) (2013). Polyolefins: 50 years after Ziegler and Natta II: Polyolefins by Metallocenes and Other Single-Site Catalysts, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Advances in Polymer Science.
A chapter in an edited book
Akashi, O., K. Fukuda, T. Hirotsu, and T. Sugawara (2007). Analysis of Diagnostic Capability for Hijacked Route Problem, in IP Operations and Management: 7th IEEE International Workshop, IPOM 2007 San José, USA, October 31 - November 2, 2007 Proceedings D. Medhi, J. M. Nogueira, T. Pfeifer, and S. F. Wu(Editors), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seismological Research Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Ten Years On, Invisibility Cloaks Are Close To Becoming A Manufacturable Reality, IFLScience: <> (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). International Aviation: DOT’s Efforts to Increase U.S. Airlines’ Access to International Markets, T-RCED-96-32, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, A. (2015). Instructional Practices in Physical Education Programs for Students with Disabilities, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). The Revolution Will Be Filmed, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dickson, 2002; Adler and Bassi, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adler and Bassi, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Huangfu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSeismological Research Letters
ISSN (print)0895-0695
ISSN (online)1938-2057

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