How to format your references using the Seismological Research Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seismological Research Letters (SRL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dobson, J. E. (2009). Big Brother has evolved, Nature 458, no. 7241, 968.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murray, J., and D. King (2012). Climate policy: Oil’s tipping point has passed, Nature 481, no. 7382, 433–435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Korobova, F., V. Ramabhadran, and H. N. Higgs (2013). An actin-dependent step in mitochondrial fission mediated by the ER-associated formin INF2, Science 339, no. 6118, 464–467.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Reick, M., J. A. Garcia, C. Dudley, and S. L. McKnight (2001). NPAS2: an analog of clock operative in the mammalian forebrain, Science 293, no. 5529, 506–509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paolella, M. S. (2006). Fundamental Probability, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ambrosini, V., and S. Fanti (Editors) (2016). PET/CT in Neuroendocrine Tumors, Springer International Publishing, Cham, Clinicians’ Guides to Radionuclide Hybrid Imaging.
A chapter in an edited book
Öchsner, A., and M. Öchsner (2016). Timoshenko Beams, in The Finite Element Analysis Program MSC Marc/Mentat: A First Introduction M. Öchsner(Editor), Springer, Singapore, 57–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seismological Research Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). How The Bacteria In Our Gut Affect Our Cravings For Food, IFLScience: <> (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Army Transportation: Alleged Overcharges on Rail Shipments to and From Ft. Irwin, California, NSIAD-88-174, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conill, A. L. (2015). Dosimetric consequences of the parotid glands using CT-to-CBCT deformable registration during IMRT for late stage head and neck cancers, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L. (2012). John Blair, Beto Sutter, ST18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dobson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dobson, 2009; Murray and King, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murray and King, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Reick et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSeismological Research Letters
ISSN (print)0895-0695
ISSN (online)1938-2057

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