How to format your references using the Seismological Research Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seismological Research Letters (SRL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac, K. (2015). Cell imaging: Beyond the limits, Nature 526, no. 7574, S50-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, H.-B., and T. Henning (2011). The alignment of molecular cloud magnetic fields with the spiral arms in M33, Nature 479, no. 7374, 499–501.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dreger, D. S., S. R. Ford, and W. R. Walter (2008). Source analysis of the Crandall Canyon, Utah, mine collapse, Science 321, no. 5886, 217.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Abram, N. J., M. K. Gagan, M. T. McCulloch, J. Chappell, and W. S. Hantoro (2003). Coral reef death during the 1997 Indian Ocean Dipole linked to Indonesian wildfires, Science 301, no. 5635, 952–955.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanley, W., and B. Pamela (2017). The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Strangio, D., and G. Sancetta (Editors) (2015). Italy in a European Context: Research in Business, Economics, and the Environment, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Baru, C., M. Bhandarkar, C. Curino, M. Danisch, M. Frank, B. Gowda, H.-A. Jacobsen, H. Jie, D. Kumar, R. Nambiar, et al. (2015). Discussion of BigBench: A Proposed Industry Standard Performance Benchmark for Big Data, in Performance Characterization and Benchmarking. Traditional to Big Data: 6th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2014, Hangzhou, China, September 1--5, 2014. Revised Selected Papers R. Nambiar, and M. Poess(Editors), Springer International Publishing, Cham, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 44–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seismological Research Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Sierra Leone Releases Last Ebola Patient, IFLScience: <> (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Truck Safety: Motor Carriers Office’s Activities to Reduce Fatalities Are Likely to Have Little Short-term Effect, T-RCED-99-89, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poldervaart, P. G. (2010). A qualitative study of nursing didactic programs: Novice nurses’ perception of competence, confidence, and retention, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tommasini, A., J. R. Oestreich, C. da FONSECA-WOLLHEIM, D. Allen, M. Cooper, and Z. Woolfe (2016). For Classical Fans, Boxed Sets and Beyond, C13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bourzac, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Li and Henning, 2011; Bourzac, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Henning, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Abram et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSeismological Research Letters
ISSN (print)0895-0695
ISSN (online)1938-2057

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