How to format your references using the Seismological Research Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seismological Research Letters (SRL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palmer, A. R. (2004). Symmetry breaking and the evolution of development, Science 306, no. 5697, 828–833.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexander, T., and P. Natarajan (2014). Rapid growth of seed black holes in the early universe by supra-exponential accretion, Science 345, no. 6202, 1330–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vergoz, V., H. A. Schreurs, and A. R. Mercer (2007). Queen pheromone blocks aversive learning in young worker bees, Science 317, no. 5836, 384–386.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Fivian, M. D., H. S. Hudson, R. P. Lin, and H. J. Zahid (2008). A large excess in apparent solar oblateness due to surface magnetism, Science 322, no. 5901, 560–562.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia, J. E. (2011). Dynamic Economic Decision Making, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ng, W. S., B.-C. Ooi, A. M. Ouksel, and C. Sartori (Editors) (2005). Databases, Information Systems, and Peer-to-Peer Computing: Second International Workshop, DBISP2P 2004, Toronto, Canada, August 29-30, 2004, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Lecture Notes in Computer Science.
A chapter in an edited book
Kües, U., and M. Navarro-González (2009). Communication of Fungi on Individual, Species, Kingdom, and Above Kingdom Levels, in Physiology and Genetics: Selected Basic and Applied Aspects T. Anke, and D. Weber(Editors), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 79–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seismological Research Letters.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). NASA Is Preparing To Send A Spacecraft Closer To The Sun Than Ever Before, IFLScience: <> (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Aviation Safety: Better Management Controls are Needed to Improve FAA’s Safety Enforcement and Compliance Efforts, GAO-04-646, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Funderburk, J. (2010). Modern Variation in Predation Intensity: Constraints on Assessing Predator-Prey Relationships in Paleoecologic Reconstructions, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J. (2016). Minneapolis Grapples With a Community Being Left Behind, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palmer, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Palmer, 2004; Alexander and Natarajan, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alexander and Natarajan, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Fivian et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleSeismological Research Letters
ISSN (print)0895-0695
ISSN (online)1938-2057

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