How to format your references using the Seismological Research Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seismological Research Letters (SRL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ray, T. (2010). Astronomy. Cosmic rays from cosmic birth, Science 330, no. 6008, 1184–1185.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hilfinger, A., and J. Paulsson (2015). Systems biology: Defiant daughters and coordinated cousins, Nature 519, no. 7544, 422–423.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripathi, M. K., K. C. Sahu, and R. Govindarajan (2014). Why a falling drop does not in general behave like a rising bubble, Sci. Rep. 4, 4771.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Li, J., Z. Wu, F. Cheng, W. Li, G. Liu, and Y. Tang (2014). Computational prediction of microRNA networks incorporating environmental toxicity and disease etiology, Sci. Rep. 4, 5576.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jakubith, M. (1998). Grundoperationen und chemische Reaktionstechnik, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Bavry, A. A. (2009). Acute Coronary Syndromes in Clinical Practice, Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Y., T. Reiner, and J. S. Lewis (2015). Isotopes and Procedural Imaging, in Imaging and Visualization in The Modern Operating Room: A Comprehensive Guide for Physicians Y. Fong, P. C. Giulianotti, J. Lewis, B. Groot Koerkamp, and T. Reiner(Editors), Springer, New York, NY, 69–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seismological Research Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Long Lost Beagle Probe Finally Found On Mars, IFLScience: <> (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Aviation Security: Efforts to Strengthen International Passenger Prescreening are Under Way, but Planning and Implementation Issues Remain, GAO-07-346, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Otarola, A. C. (2008). The effects of turbulence in an absorbing atmosphere on the propagation of microwave signals used in an active sounding system, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2013). The Wildness of Clothes, but Not for Fashion, E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ray, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ray, 2010; Hilfinger and Paulsson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hilfinger and Paulsson, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSeismological Research Letters
ISSN (print)0895-0695
ISSN (online)1938-2057

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