How to format your references using the The Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lewis K. Antibiotics: Recover the lost art of drug discovery. Nature 2012;485:439–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Headlam D, Brown M. Comment on “The geometry of musical chords.” Science 2007;315:330; author reply 330.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Montzka SA, Dlugokencky EJ, Butler JH. Non-CO2 greenhouse gases and climate change. Nature 2011;476:43–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Huber D, Petreanu L, Ghitani N, Ranade S, Hromádka T, Mainen Z, et al. Sparse optical microstimulation in barrel cortex drives learned behaviour in freely moving mice. Nature 2008;451:61–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Armaroli N, Balzani V. Energy for a Sustainable World. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Bourdin B. The Variational Approach to Fracture. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Lambrides CJ, Godwin ID. Mungbean. In: Kole C, editor. Pulses, Sugar and Tuber Crops, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 69–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Seahorses’ Tails May Inspire Future Robotics. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/robots-may-be-inspired-seahorses-tails/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Review of Selected Contracts Awarded by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Holman R. Music history pedagogy: Three approaches to teaching a one-semester music history survey course in accordance with the LEAP Initiative. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Ferré-Sadurní L. 18 Shuttered Catholic Churches May Soon Be Up for Sale. New York Times 2017:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)0022-3476
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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