How to format your references using the The Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reif JH. Computing. Successes and challenges. Science 2002;296:478–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore G, Wilson EO. Center for Applied Biodiversity Science. Integrating science and conservation. Nature 2000;405:254.
A journal article with 3 authors
Assender H, Bliznyuk V, Porfyrakis K. How surface topography relates to materials’ properties. Science 2002;297:973–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Clayton E, Doupé DP, Klein AM, Winton DJ, Simons BD, Jones PH. A single type of progenitor cell maintains normal epidermis. Nature 2007;446:185–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hornberger G, Wiberg P. Numerical Methods in the Hydrological Sciences. Washington D. C.: American Geophysical Union; 2005.
An edited book
Folgueras Méndez J, Aznielle Rodríguez TY, Calderón Marín CF, Llanusa Ruiz SB, Castro Medina J, Vega Vázquez H, et al., editors. V Latin American Congress on Biomedical Engineering CLAIB 2011 May 16-21, 2011, Habana, Cuba: Sustainable Technologies for the Health of All. vol. 33. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Lahiri DK. Brain Aging: Influence of Early–Life Events on Late-Life Brain Disorders. In: Thakur MK, Rattan SIS, editors. Brain Aging and Therapeutic Interventions, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 67–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Spiders use electricity to catch prey and airborne particulates. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Long-Standing Weaknesses in Enterprise Architecture Development Need to Be Addressed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson AJ. Textiles as Indicators of Hopewellian Culture Burial Practices. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Roberts Court Hears Its First Case in Federalism Debate. New York Times 2005:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)0022-3476
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles