How to format your references using the The Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beverley SM. Parasitology: CRISPR for Cryptosporidium. Nature. 2015 Jul 23;523(7561):413–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoveyda AH, Zhugralin AR. The remarkable metal-catalysed olefin metathesis reaction. Nature. 2007 Nov 8;450(7167):243–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rajca A, Wongsriratanakul J, Rajca S. Magnetic ordering in an organic polymer. Science. 2001 Nov 16;294(5546):1503–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Block BA, Teo SLH, Walli A, Boustany A, Stokesbury MJW, Farwell CJ, et al. Electronic tagging and population structure of Atlantic bluefin tuna. Nature. 2005 Apr 28;434(7037):1121–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dooner DB. Kinematic Geometry of Gearing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Raju NJ, Gossel W, Sudhakar M, editors. Management of Natural Resources in a Changing Environment. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XVI, 298 p. 100 illus., 75 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Okamoto T, Takashima K. Homomorphic Encryption and Signatures from Vector Decomposition. In: Galbraith SD, Paterson KG, editors. Pairing-Based Cryptography – Pairing 2008: Second International Conference, Egham, UK, September 1-3, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 57–74. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
Davis J. Camera Powered With Ambient Wi-Fi Signals [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Reports Issued in June 1989. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jun. Report No.: 139191.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris AE. A quantitative study of the impact of CFO and auditor turnover on internal control weaknesses [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ. Pandora Gets New Partner In Sirius XM. New York Times. 2017 Jun 9;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)0022-3476
ISSN (online)1097-6833
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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