How to format your references using the The Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Roch S. Toward extracting all phylogenetic information from matrices of evolutionary distances. Science 2010;327:1376–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Radisky DC, Bissell MJ. Cancer. Respect thy neighbor! Science 2004;303:775–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ross RJ, Weiner MM, Lin H. PIWI proteins and PIWI-interacting RNAs in the soma. Nature 2014;505:353–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Li L, Gan Z, McCartney MR, Liang H, Yu H, Gao Y, et al. Atomic configurations at InAs partial dislocation cores associated with Z-shape faulted dipoles. Sci Rep 2013;3:3229.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Akers RM. Lactation and the Mammary Gland. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Nath V. Autonomous Robotics and Deep Learning. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Altizer TJJ. To Lissa McCullough (June 13, 1997). In: Grimshaw M, editor. This Silence Must Now Speak: Letters of Thomas J. J. Altizer, 1995–2015, New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016, p. 19–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. What’s The Difference Between Male And Female Brains? IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Examination Into Certain Contract Costs for the E-2C Aircraft Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
James TC. African American Students in a California Community College: Perceptions of Cultural Congruity and Academic Self-Concept within a Black Culture Center. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
McKINLEY JC Jr, Rojas R. An Impostor’s Lives and Lies. New York Times 2016:MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)0022-3476
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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