How to format your references using the Pacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Moore, Stealth ship sets sail for a quiet life fishing for data, Nature. 423 (2003) 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Bradbury, A. Plückthun, Reproducibility: Standardize antibodies used in research, Nature. 518 (2015) 27–29.
A journal article with 3 authors
N.J. Borys, E. Shafran, J.M. Lupton, Surface plasmon delocalization in silver nanoparticle aggregates revealed by subdiffraction supercontinuum hot spots, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2090.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L.M. Graves, H.I. Guy, P. Kozlowski, M. Huang, E. Lazarowski, R.M. Pope, M.A. Collins, E.N. Dahlstrand, H.S. Earp 3rd, D.R. Evans, Regulation of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase by MAP kinase, Nature. 403 (2000) 328–332.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Castle, C. Cline, A.S. Daar, C. Tsamis, P.A. Singer, Science, Society, and the Supermarket, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
R. Díez Muiño, H.F. Busnengo, eds., Dynamics of Gas-Surface Interactions: Atomic-level Understanding of Scattering Processes at Surfaces, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Goedecke, J. Welsch, Administrative Requirements for the Integration of Environmental Concerns and Demands of Climate Change into the Planning Process, in: A. Katzschner, M. Waibel, D. Schwede, L. Katzschner, M. Schmidt, H. Storch (Eds.), Sustainable Ho Chi Minh City: Climate Policies for Emerging Mega Cities, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, THC In Marijuana Delays Organ Transplant Rejection In Mice, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, [Comments on NASA Agreement With Firm for Commercial Launch Services], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.L. Tanner-Anderson, “The Road Less Traveled”: The Female’s Journey to the State Superintendency, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Eligon, A. Blinder, N. Najar, Drinks at a Bar, Ethnic Insults, Then Gunshots, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering
ISSN (print)2405-8823

Other styles