How to format your references using the In Silico Cell and Tissue Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for In Silico Cell and Tissue Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dennis C. Bushfires annihilate Australian observatory. Nature. 2003;421:302.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. West SA, Sheldon BC. Constraints in the evolution of sex ratio adjustment. Science. 2002;295:1685–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Scales SJ, Finley MF, Scheller RH. Cell biology. Fusion without SNAREs? Science. 2001;294:1015–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zheng J, Ye Z-C, Sun N-L, Zhang R, Sheng Z-M, Shieh H-PD, et al. Highly anisotropic metasurface: a polarized beam splitter and hologram. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6491.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ndjountche T. Digital Electronics 3. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Herout A. Real-Time Detection of Lines and Grids: By PClines and Other Approaches. Dubská M, Havel J, editors. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Irwin K. Redesigning Secure Protocols to Compel Security Checks (Transcript of Discussion). In: Christianson B, Švenda P, Matyáš V, Malcolm J, Stajano F, Anderson J, editors. Security Protocols XXIII: 23rd International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, March 31 - April 2, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 30–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for In Silico Cell and Tissue Science.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Astronomers Just Discovered Something Orbiting Our Galaxy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: Challenges in Commercializing Technologies Developed under the Small Business Innovation Research Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Nov. Report No.: GAO-11-21.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Watson CA. A cultural confluence: Approaches to embedding cultural insights and inclusion throughout the marketing process [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Leland J. Dog Show? Whatever. New York Times. 2017 Feb 14;MB8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIn Silico Cell and Tissue Science
AbbreviationIn Silico Cell Tissue Sci.
ISSN (online)2196-050X

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