How to format your references using the In Silico Cell and Tissue Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for In Silico Cell and Tissue Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smith C. Drug target identification: a question of biology. Nature. 2004;428:225–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fekete DM, Noden DM. Developmental biology. A transition in the middle ear. Science. 2013;339:1396–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Koschowitz M-C, Fischer C, Sander M. Evolution. Beyond the rainbow. Science. 2014;346:416–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lanin AA, Voronin AA, Fedotov AB, Zheltikov AM. Time-domain spectroscopy in the mid-infrared. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6670.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Courant R, McShane EJ. Differential and Integral Calculus. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1988.
An edited book
1. Zhang Y, Yao G, He J, Wang L, Smalheiser NR, Yin X, editors. Health Information Science: Third International Conference, HIS 2014, Shenzhen, China, April 22-23, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ancey V, Fréguin-Gresh S. Families, Labor and Farms. In: Sourisseau J-M, editor. Family Farming and the Worlds to Come. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 57–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for In Silico Cell and Tissue Science.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Toxin Resistance Suggests That Evolution Can Be Predictable. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Investing in the Very Young. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Jan. Report No.: 137163.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Shaker G. Off the track: The full-time nontenure -track faculty experience in English [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. Top Sprinters Test Positive, Jolting Track World. New York Times. 2013 Jul 15;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIn Silico Cell and Tissue Science
AbbreviationIn Silico Cell Tissue Sci.
ISSN (online)2196-050X

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