How to format your references using the Catena citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catena. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holden, C., 2000. DIVERSITY: Parity as a Goal Sparks Bitter Battle. Science 289, 380.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harris, S.E., Bellino, M., 2013. IBI* series winner. DNA barcoding from NYC to Belize. Science 342, 1462–1463.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, T.-T., Tseng, S.C., Lavker, R.M., 2010. Location of corneal epithelial stem cells. Nature 463, E10-1; discussion E11.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Carlson, C.S., Eberle, M.A., Kruglyak, L., Nickerson, D.A., 2004. Mapping complex disease loci in whole-genome association studies. Nature 429, 446–452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Albalate, A., Minker, W., 2013. Semi-Supervised and Unsupervised Machine Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dutoit, T., 2009. Applied Signal Processing: A MATLABTM-Based Proof of Concept. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Filgueiras, E., Rebelo, F., Moreira da Silva, F., 2011. Human-Computer Interaction in Office Work: Evaluation of Interaction Patterns Using Office Equipment and Software during Data Entry and Navigation, in: Robertson, M.M. (Ed.), Ergonomics and Health Aspects of Work with Computers: International Conference, EHAWC 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 40–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catena.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Eleven Body Fluids We Couldn’t Live Without [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Federal Research: Super Collider Estimates and Germany’s Industrially Produced Magnets (No. RCED-91-94FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Topdemir, C.M., 2010. School counselor accountability practices: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J., 2017. Spotify Is Said to Favor Direct Listing on N.Y.S.E. Over Public Offering. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holden, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Harris and Bellino, 2013; Holden, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harris and Bellino, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Carlson et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCatena
ISSN (print)0341-8162
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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