How to format your references using the Catena citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catena. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coontz, R., 2012. Mysteries of astronomy. Science 336, 1090.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCollom, T.M., Hynek, B.M., 2005. A volcanic environment for bedrock diagenesis at Meridiani Planum on Mars. Nature 438, 1129–1131.
A journal article with 3 authors
Philips, J.A., Rubin, E.J., Perrimon, N., 2005. Drosophila RNAi screen reveals CD36 family member required for mycobacterial infection. Science 309, 1251–1253.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Irifune, T., Shinmei, T., McCammon, C.A., Miyajima, N., Rubie, D.C., Frost, D.J., 2010. Iron partitioning and density changes of pyrolite in Earth’s lower mantle. Science 327, 193–195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Del Pico, W.J., 2014. Electrical Estimating Methods. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Arumugam, S., Smyth, W.F. (Eds.), 2012. Combinatorial Algorithms: 23rd International Workshop, IWOCA 2012, Tamil Nadu, India, July 19-21, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Salvati, S., 2009. Recognizability in the Simply Typed Lambda-Calculus, in: Ono, H., Kanazawa, M., Queiroz, R. de (Eds.), Logic, Language, Information and Computation: 16th International Workshop, WoLLIC 2009, Tokyo, Japan, June 21-24, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 48–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catena.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2015. Sleepwalkers Who Injure Themselves Don’t Feel Pain Until They Wake Up [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Inquiry Into Allegations of Improprieties at the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (No. FPCD-83-23). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chanderbhan-Forde, S., 2010. Asian Indian mothers’ involvement in their children’s schooling: An analysis of social and cultural capital (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. Judge Voids Deal Over Prince Catalog. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coontz, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Coontz, 2012; McCollom and Hynek, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCollom and Hynek, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Irifune et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleCatena
ISSN (print)0341-8162
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles