How to format your references using the Catena citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catena. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisk, Z., 2007. Physics. A whiff of chemistry in heavy electron physics. Science 318, 1559–1560.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hines, P.J., Zahn, L.M., 2012. Plant metabolism. Green pathways. Introduction. Science 336, 1657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arce, S.H., Wu, P.-H., Tseng, Y., 2013. Fast and accurate automated cell boundary determination for fluorescence microscopy. Sci. Rep. 3, 2266.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cortez, D., Guntuku, S., Qin, J., Elledge, S.J., 2001. ATR and ATRIP: partners in checkpoint signaling. Science 294, 1713–1716.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neff, D.J., Moss, R.C., 2011. The Future of Nonprofits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Capasso, V., 2015. An Introduction to Continuous-Time Stochastic Processes: Theory, Models, and Applications to Finance, Biology, and Medicine, 3rd ed. 2015. ed, Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Albors-Garrigos, J., Carrasco, J.C.R., 2011. New Learning Paradigms: Open Course Versus Traditional Strategies. The Current Paradox of Learning and Developing Creative Ideas, in: White, B., King, I., Tsang, P. (Eds.), Social Media Tools and Platforms in Learning Environments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 53–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catena.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Dolphin or Mammoth? Bizarre Creature With “Fur and a Beak” Washes up Along Russian Shore [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Job Corps: Participant Selection and Performance Measurement Need to Be Improved (No. T-HEHS-98-37). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tovar, B., 2010. A drug and alcohol education and prevention program for Hispanic families: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hoffman, C., 2013. David Lynch Has a Great Idea for a Movie. New York Times MM26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisk, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Fisk, 2007; Hines and Zahn, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hines and Zahn, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Cortez et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCatena
ISSN (print)0341-8162
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles