How to format your references using the Catena citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catena. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moazed, D., 2009. Small RNAs in transcriptional gene silencing and genome defence. Nature 457, 413–420.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park, C.Y., Dolmetsch, R., 2006. Cell signaling. The double life of a transcription factor takes it outside the nucleus. Science 314, 64–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
Widom, C.S., Czaja, S.J., DuMont, K.A., 2015. Intergenerational transmission of child abuse and neglect: real or detection bias? Science 347, 1480–1485.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Splawski, I., Timothy, K.W., Tateyama, M., Clancy, C.E., Malhotra, A., Beggs, A.H., Cappuccio, F.P., Sagnella, G.A., Kass, R.S., Keating, M.T., 2002. Variant of SCN5A sodium channel implicated in risk of cardiac arrhythmia. Science 297, 1333–1336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agung, I.G.N., 2011. Cross Section and Experimental Data Analysis Using Eviews. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Krannich, R.S., 2011. People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas, Landscape Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Colombo, J., Arora, R., DePace, N.L., Vinik, A.I., 2015. Validation and General Evaluation of Parasympathetic and Sympathetic Monitoring, in: Arora, R., DePace, N.L., Vinik, A.I. (Eds.), Clinical Autonomic Dysfunction: Measurement, Indications, Therapies, and Outcomes. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catena.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Complex Sugar Molecules May Be The Key To Safer Chemo [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Highway Safety: Have Automobile Weight Reductions Increased Highway Fatalities? (No. PEMD-92-1). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dooling, S.M., 2013. Like A Unicorn in Captivity (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L., 2017. Lessons and Interpretations on the Court Nomination Process. New York Times A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moazed, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Moazed, 2009; Park and Dolmetsch, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Park and Dolmetsch, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Splawski et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCatena
ISSN (print)0341-8162
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles