How to format your references using the Catena citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catena. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
RajBhandary, U.L., 2011. Har Gobind Khorana (1922-2011). Nature 480, 322.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palczewski, K., Kiser, P.D., 2013. Biochemistry. As good as chocolate. Science 340, 562–563.
A journal article with 3 authors
David, C., Mortensen, N.A., Christensen, J., 2013. Perfect imaging, epsilon-near zero phenomena and waveguiding in the scope of nonlocal effects. Sci. Rep. 3, 2526.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boukai, A.I., Bunimovich, Y., Tahir-Kheli, J., Yu, J.-K., Goddard, W.A., 3rd, Heath, J.R., 2008. Silicon nanowires as efficient thermoelectric materials. Nature 451, 168–171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voldman, S.H., 2006. ESD. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Mussida, C., Pastore, F. (Eds.), 2015. Geographical Labor Market Imbalances: Recent Explanations and Cures, AIEL Series in Labour Economics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fletcher, J.G., Bharucha, A.E., Siddiki, H., 2008. Dynamic MR Imaging of the Pelvic Floor, in: Taylor, S.A., DeLancey, J.O.L. (Eds.), Imaging Pelvic Floor Disorders, Medical Radiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catena.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Newly Discovered Marsupial Will Literally Have Sex Until It Disintegrates [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Pipeline Safety: New Risk Assessment Program Could Help Evaluate Inspection Cycle (No. RCED-89-107). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salifu, A., 2008. Names that prick: Royal praise names in Dagbon, northern Ghana (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joy, S., 2016. Dare to Be Daring. New York Times D13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (RajBhandary, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Palczewski and Kiser, 2013; RajBhandary, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palczewski and Kiser, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Boukai et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleCatena
ISSN (print)0341-8162
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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