How to format your references using the Catena citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Catena. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edwards, P.N., 2004. Beyond the ivory tower. “A vast machine”: standards as social technology. Science 304, 827–828.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hill, A., Cooke, G., 2014. Medicine. Hepatitis C can be cured globally, but at what cost? Science 345, 141–142.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khudiyev, T., Dogan, T., Bayindir, M., 2014. Biomimicry of multifunctional nanostructures in the neck feathers of mallard (Anas platyrhynchos L.) drakes. Sci. Rep. 4, 4718.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han, L., Liu, H., Cui, P., Peng, Z., Zhang, S., Yang, J., 2014. Alloy Cu₃Pt nanoframes through the structure evolution in Cu-Pt nanoparticles with a core-shell construction. Sci. Rep. 4, 6414.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips, J.J., Brantley, W., Phillips, P.P., 2011. Project Management ROI. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cao, L., Bazzan, A.L.C., Gorodetsky, V., Mitkas, P.A., Weiss, G., Yu, P.S. (Eds.), 2010. Agents and Data Mining Interaction: 6th International Workshop on Agents and Data Mining Interaction, ADMI 2010, Toronto, ON, Canada, May 11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rieber, R.W., Kelly, R.J., 2014. Bedlam in Spyland: Is Bourne Bond?, in: Kelly, R.J. (Ed.), Film, Television and the Psychology of the Social Dream. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 79–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Catena.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Muscle Engineered To Respond To Light [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Insurance Regulation: The Insurance Regulatory Information System Needs Improvement (No. GGD-91-20). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hilker, B., 2010. Electric-field effects and interactions of dye-polymer systems (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2010. By Boat or Rail, East Egg to West, ‘Gatsby’ Beckons. New York Times C35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edwards, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Edwards, 2004; Hill and Cooke, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hill and Cooke, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCatena
ISSN (print)0341-8162
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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