How to format your references using the Pacific-Basin Finance Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific-Basin Finance Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scadden, D.T., 2006. The stem-cell niche as an entity of action. Nature 441, 1075–1079.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, R., Wang, Y., 2013. Neural mechanism for sensing fast motion in dim light. Sci. Rep. 3, 3159.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rust, M.J., Golden, S.S., O’Shea, E.K., 2011. Light-driven changes in energy metabolism directly entrain the cyanobacterial circadian oscillator. Science 331, 220–223.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, B., Chen, D., Wang, J., Yan, Z., Jiang, L., Deliang Duan, He, J., Luo, Z., Zhang, J., Yuan, F., 2014. MOFzyme: Intrinsic protease-like activity of Cu-MOF. Sci. Rep. 4, 6759.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stokes, G., 2008. A Practical Guide to the Wiring Regulations. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Keyhani, A., Marwali, M. (Eds.), 2012. Smart Power Grids 2011, Power Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Herway, S.T., Boban, R., Khoche, S., 2016. Left Ventricular Systolic Function, in: Maus, T.M., Nhieu, S., Herway, S.T. (Eds.), Essential Echocardiography: Transesophageal Echocardiography for Non-Cardiac Anesthesiologists. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific-Basin Finance Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Hubble Telescope spies extremely cloudy exoplanet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. FAA Financial Management: Further Actions Needed to Achieve Asset Accountability (No. AIMD-99-212). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clendening, R.J., 2009. A structured methodology for unifying functional analysis with systems analysis to enhance system behavior knowledge (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Vanishing Patricians, and Then What? New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scadden, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Li and Wang, 2013; Scadden, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Wang, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific-Basin Finance Journal
ISSN (print)0927-538X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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