How to format your references using the Pacific-Basin Finance Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific-Basin Finance Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walsh, C.A., 2013. Peter Huttenlocher (1931-2013). Nature 502, 172.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lippman, Z., Martienssen, R., 2004. The role of RNA interference in heterochromatic silencing. Nature 431, 364–370.
A journal article with 3 authors
Benham-Pyle, B.W., Pruitt, B.L., Nelson, W.J., 2015. Cell adhesion. Mechanical strain induces E-cadherin-dependent Yap1 and β-catenin activation to drive cell cycle entry. Science 348, 1024–1027.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Clarke, J.D., Alexander, D.C., Ward, D.P., Ryals, J.A., Mitchell, M.W., Wulff, J.E., Guo, L., 2013. Assessment of genetically modified soybean in relation to natural variation in the soybean seed metabolome. Sci. Rep. 3, 3082.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bosq, D., Blanke, D., 2007. Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions: Bosq/Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rummel, A., Binz, T. (Eds.), 2013. Botulinum Neurotoxins, Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ledger, S., Vidovich, L., O’Donoghue, T., 2014. The Research Approach, in: Vidovich, L., O’Donoghue, T. (Eds.), Global to Local Curriculum Policy Processes: The Enactment of the International Baccalaureate in Remote International Schools. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific-Basin Finance Journal.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Extinct Underwater Volcano Teeming With Life Explored By Humans For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Review of the Health Facilities Surveyor Training Program Funded by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (No. HRD-76-170). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tosti, C.L., 2009. Quantification of dispersed and aggregated iron in vivo by magnetic resonance imaging (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2014. Semifinals Remain an Inner Sanctum Until Further Notice. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walsh, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lippman and Martienssen, 2004; Walsh, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lippman and Martienssen, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Clarke et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific-Basin Finance Journal
ISSN (print)0927-538X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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