How to format your references using the Pacific-Basin Finance Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific-Basin Finance Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Waal, F.B.M., 2005. A century of getting to know the chimpanzee. Nature 437, 56–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, A.L., Wand, A.J., 2001. Microscopic origins of entropy, heat capacity and the glass transition in proteins. Nature 411, 501–504.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haerizadeh, F., Singh, M.B., Bhalla, P.L., 2006. Transcriptional repression distinguishes somatic from germ cell lineages in a plant. Science 313, 496–499.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, R., Maduro, M., Li, F., Li, H.W., Broitman-Maduro, G., Li, W.X., Ding, S.W., 2005. Animal virus replication and RNAi-mediated antiviral silencing in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 436, 1040–1043.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mysak, J., 2011. Encyclopedia of Municipal Bonds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Foggia, P., Sansone, C., Vento, M. (Eds.), 2009. Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2009: 15th International Conference Vietri sul Mare, Italy, September 8-11, 2009 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Anastassiou, G.A., Argyros, I.K., 2016. Implicit Iterative Algorithms and Their Applications in Multivariate Calculus, in: Argyros, I.K. (Ed.), Intelligent Numerical Methods II: Applications to Multivariate Fractional Calculus, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 63–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific-Basin Finance Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Enormous Helium Discovery Could End Shortage [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Teacher Corps Programs Operated by the Buffalo State University College, the New York University, and the Harlem Institute for Teachers (No. 089472). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eldridge, Z., 2017. The Empowerment of a Forgotten Population (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Trudging to Suffrage, On a Swiss Schedule. New York Times C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Waal, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (de Waal, 2005; Lee and Wand, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Wand, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific-Basin Finance Journal
ISSN (print)0927-538X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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