How to format your references using the Pacific-Basin Finance Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific-Basin Finance Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sambles, J.R., 2015. Optics. Structured photons take it slow. Science 347, 828.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiner, H.L., Selkoe, D.J., 2002. Inflammation and therapeutic vaccination in CNS diseases. Nature 420, 879–884.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kwak, K., Cho, K., Kim, S., 2013. Stable bending performance of flexible organic light-emitting diodes using IZO anodes. Sci. Rep. 3, 2787.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fu, Z.Q., Guo, M., Jeong, B.-R., Tian, F., Elthon, T.E., Cerny, R.L., Staiger, D., Alfano, J.R., 2007. A type III effector ADP-ribosylates RNA-binding proteins and quells plant immunity. Nature 447, 284–288.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaisford, S., Saunders, M., 2012. Essentials of Pharmaceutical Preformulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Velásquez, J.D., Ríos, S.A., Howlett, R.J., Jain, L.C. (Eds.), 2009. Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 13th International Conference, KES 2009, Santiago, Chile, September 28-30, 2009, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hoffmann, T., 2014. Human Rights, Human Dignity, and the Human Life Form, in: Albers, M., Hoffmann, T., Reinhardt, J. (Eds.), Human Rights and Human Nature, Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific-Basin Finance Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Used Cigarette Butts Could Be Used To Store Energy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Older Driver Safety: Knowledge Sharing Should Help States Prepare for Increase in Older Driver Population (No. GAO-07-413). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos, C.M., 2017. Is this working? A study on measuring the effectiveness of efforts to diversify the theatre management field (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soble, J., 2017. Bankruptcy Of Takata May Ripple For Years. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sambles, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sambles, 2015; Weiner and Selkoe, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiner and Selkoe, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Fu et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific-Basin Finance Journal
ISSN (print)0927-538X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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