How to format your references using the Pacific-Basin Finance Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific-Basin Finance Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. Mental barriers. Nature 429, 785.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waller, L., Tian, L., 2015. Computational imaging: Machine learning for 3D microscopy. Nature 523, 416–417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pagel, M., Atkinson, Q.D., Meade, A., 2007. Frequency of word-use predicts rates of lexical evolution throughout Indo-European history. Nature 449, 717–720.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakayama, H., Shiraki, A., Hirayama, R., Masuda, N., Shimobaba, T., Ito, T., 2013. Three-dimensional volume containing multiple two-dimensional information patterns. Sci. Rep. 3, 1931.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Callahan, K.R., Stetz, G.S., Brooks, L.M., 2011. Project Management Accounting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Demetriou, K.N. (Ed.), 2015. The European Union in Crisis: Explorations in Representation and Democratic Legitimacy. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Pavlovic, M., Balint, B., 2013. Adult Stem Cells (the Concept of VSEL-Cell), in: Balint, B. (Ed.), Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 21–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific-Basin Finance Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Chinese Families To Sue Over Lead Poisoning In Landmark Case [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Direct Student Loan Program: Management Actions Could Enhance Customer Service (No. GAO-04-107). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liang, J.R., 2017. A Risk Analysis of the Molybdenum-99 Supply Chain Using Bayesian Networks (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Gordon, M.R., Simons, M., 2017. War Crimes Office May Be Shuttered As Tillerson Reorganizes State Dept. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2004; Waller and Tian, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waller and Tian, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakayama et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific-Basin Finance Journal
ISSN (print)0927-538X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles