How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Munk, W. (2003). Ocean science. Ocean freshening, sea level rising. Science 300, 2041–2043.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kneller, E. A., and van Keken, P. E. (2007). Trench-parallel flow and seismic anisotropy in the Mariana and Andean subduction systems. Nature 450, 1222–1225.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Z., Szolnoki, A., and Perc, M. (2013). Interdependent network reciprocity in evolutionary games. Sci. Rep. 3, 1183.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ebisawa, K., Maeda, Y., Kaneda, H., and Yamauchi, S. (2001). Origin of the hard x-ray emission from the Galactic plane. Science 293, 1633–1635.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuus, M. (2013). Geopolitics and Expertise. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Chew, A.-L., and Maibach, H. I. eds. (2006). Irritant Dermatitis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Leach, R. (2009). “Pneumonia,” in Respiratory Disease and its Management Competency-Based Critical Care., ed. A. McLuckie (London: Springer), 51–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). Do You Even Lift? Why Lifting Weights Is More Important For Your Health Than You Think. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). Metropolitan Area Acquisition (MAA) Implementation Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klooster, E. C.-R. (2010). Identifying differences in student traditionalities of remedial math students, adjusted for efficacy.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Robinson, L. (2012). Long Divisions. New York Times, BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Munk, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Munk, 2003; Kneller and van Keken, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kneller and van Keken, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Ebisawa et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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