How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blobel, G. (2013). Christian de Duve (1917-2013). Nature 498, 300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hofmann, H. A., and Stevenson, P. A. (2000). Flight restores fight in crickets. Nature 403, 613.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gubbins, D., Jones, A. L., and Finlay, C. C. (2006). Fall in Earth’s magnetic field is erratic. Science 312, 900–902.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jetz, W., Carbone, C., Fulford, J., and Brown, J. H. (2004). The scaling of animal space use. Science 306, 266–268.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keene, A. (2013). Keene on the Market. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chesi, G. (2009). Homogeneous Polynomial Forms for Robustness Analysis of Uncertain Systems. , eds. A. Garulli, A. Tesi, and A. Vicino London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Caragea, D., Zhang, J., Bao, J., Pathak, J., and Honavar, V. (2005). “Algorithms and Software for Collaborative Discovery from Autonomous, Semantically Heterogeneous, Distributed Information Sources,” in Algorithmic Learning Theory: 16th International Conference, ALT 2005, Singapore, October 8-11, 2005. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. S. Jain, H. U. Simon, and E. Tomita (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 13–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017). Scientists Develop A New Method That Might Stop HIV From Replicating. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Intelligence. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crumlish, S. B. (2014). Domingo Chileno: An Overture for Orchestra.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007). Police Say Mother Let Minors Drink Alcohol. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blobel, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hofmann and Stevenson, 2000; Blobel, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hofmann and Stevenson, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Jetz et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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