How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fan, X. (2003). Astronomy. Black holes at the cosmic dawn. Science 300, 752–753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reyes, N., and Gadsby, D. C. (2006). Ion permeation through the Na+,K+-ATPase. Nature 443, 470–474.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pool, J. A., Lobkovsky, E., and Chirik, P. J. (2004). Hydrogenation and cleavage of dinitrogen to ammonia with a zirconium complex. Nature 427, 527–530.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Meng, H., Xie, W.-J., Jiang, Z.-Q., Podobnik, B., Zhou, W.-X., and Stanley, H. E. (2014). Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market. Sci. Rep. 4, 3655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laycock, J., and Meeran, K. (2012). Integrated Endocrinology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kotenko, I., and Skormin, V. eds. (2012). Computer Network Security: 6th International Conference on Mathematical Methods, Models and Architectures for Computer Network Security, MMM-ACNS 2012, St. Petersburg, Russia, October 17-19, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tongway, D. J., and Ludwig, J. A. (2011). “Restoring Mined Landscapes,” in Restoring Disturbed Landscapes: Putting Principles into Practice, ed. J. A. Ludwig (Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics), 29–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). How The Vikings Used Sunstones To Find New Unknown Lands. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Land Management Systems: Progress and Risks in Developing BLM’s Land and Mineral Record System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schoenecker, K. D. (2010). Determinants of life satisfaction: Generated and ranked by undergraduate college students.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017). Clash of the Gossip Girls. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fan, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Fan, 2003; Reyes and Gadsby, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reyes and Gadsby, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Meng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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