How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKeon, B. J. (2010). Applied physics. Controlling turbulence. Science 327, 1462–1463.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harvey, C. D., and Svoboda, K. (2007). Locally dynamic synaptic learning rules in pyramidal neuron dendrites. Nature 450, 1195–1200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lohmann, C., Myhr, K. L., and Wong, R. O. L. (2002). Transmitter-evoked local calcium release stabilizes developing dendrites. Nature 418, 177–181.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wright, B. J., O’Brien, S., Hazi, A., and Kent, S. (2014). Increased systolic blood pressure reactivity to acute stress is related with better self-reported health. Sci. Rep. 4, 6882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Traitler, H., Coleman, B., and Hofmann, K. (2015). Food Industry Design, Technology and Innovation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Coates, A. R. M. ed. (2012). Antibiotic Resistance. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jargalsaikhan, L. (2013). “Long-Term Study of the Relationship Between Precipitation and Productivity in the Main Pasture Vegetation of a Steppe Ecosystem in Eastern Mongolia,” in The Mongolian Ecosystem Network: Environmental Issues Under Climate and Social Changes Ecological Research Monographs., eds. N. Yamamura, N. Fujita, and A. Maekawa (Tokyo: Springer Japan), 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). Astronomers Use “Light Echo” To Measure Size Of Star’s Disk. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Programs for Land-Grant Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iwuagwu, C. I. (2017). Preventing the Spread of HIV Among Homeless Youth in California.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016). Cespedes Powers the Mets Again. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McKeon, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Harvey and Svoboda, 2007; McKeon, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harvey and Svoboda, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wright et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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