How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wigzell, H. (2007). Science & Politics: when ministers are well primed. Nature 449, 663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levitan, D. R., and Ferrell, D. L. (2006). Selection on gamete recognition proteins depends on sex, density, and genotype frequency. Science 312, 267–269.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harmon, J. P., Moran, N. A., and Ives, A. R. (2009). Species response to environmental change: impacts of food web interactions and evolution. Science 323, 1347–1350.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chung, W.-H., Hung, S.-I., Hong, H.-S., Hsih, M.-S., Yang, L.-C., Ho, H.-C., et al. (2004). Medical genetics: a marker for Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Nature 428, 486.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knuth, E. (2011). Trading Between the Lines. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Biscari, P. (2014). Meccanica Razionale. 2a edizione. , eds. T. Ruggeri, G. Saccomandi, and M. Vianello Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Patel, M., and Nagl, S. (2010). “Complexity and Model Integration: Formalisations,” in The Role of Model Integration in Complex Systems Modelling: An Example from Cancer Biology Understanding Complex Systems., ed. S. Nagl (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 57–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Dam It: Hydroelectric Power Plants Are Releasing Huge Amounts Of Greenhouse Gases. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). Motor Vehicle Safety: NHTSA Should Resume Its Support of State Periodic Inspection Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter, K. E. (2009). The use of boron-doped diamond film electrodes for the oxidative degradation of perfluorooctane sulfonate and trichloroethylene.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2009). Citing Taxes, Some Seek Fire District’s Demise. New York Times, LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wigzell, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Levitan and Ferrell, 2006; Wigzell, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levitan and Ferrell, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Chung et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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