How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ward, M. D. (2003). Materials science. Molecular fuel tanks. Science 300, 1104–1105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Veronin, M. A., and Youan, B.-B. C. (2004). Medicine. Magic bullet gone astray: medications and the Internet. Science 305, 481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolfsberg, T. G., McEntyre, J., and Schuler, G. D. (2001). Guide to the draft human genome. Nature 409, 824–826.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pauly, D., Christensen, V., Guénette, S., Pitcher, T. J., Sumaila, U. R., Walters, C. J., et al. (2002). Towards sustainability in world fisheries. Nature 418, 689–695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kula, G., Raab, M., and Stahn, S. (2017). Beyond Smart Beta. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Malek, S. ed. (2013). Advances in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zorro, Y. (2016). “Ciudad Bolivar, Bogota: Scorned Territories,” in Learning from the Slums for the Development of Emerging Cities GeoJournal Library., eds. J.-C. Bolay, J. Chenal, and Y. Pedrazzini (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). Lack Of Water Blamed For Mammoth Extinction. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Proprietary Schools: Millions Spent to Train Students for Oversupplied Occupations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hongxia, D. (2005). Social Process of Environmental Risk Perception, Preferences of Risk Management and Public Participation in Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Study Between the United States and China.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Skurnick, L., Bai, M., Spitznagel, E., Batali, M., Gross, J., Reeves, H., et al. (2012). The One-Page Magazine. New York Times, MM9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ward, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Veronin and Youan, 2004; Ward, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Veronin and Youan, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Pauly et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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