How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Canup, R. M. (2005). A giant impact origin of Pluto-Charon. Science 307, 546–550.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu, W. J., and Duan, X. (2013). Tunable transport gap in narrow bilayer graphene nanoribbons. Sci. Rep. 3, 1248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thammavongsa, V., Missiakas, D. M., and Schneewind, O. (2013). Staphylococcus aureus degrades neutrophil extracellular traps to promote immune cell death. Science 342, 863–866.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pertz, O., Hodgson, L., Klemke, R. L., and Hahn, K. M. (2006). Spatiotemporal dynamics of RhoA activity in migrating cells. Nature 440, 1069–1072.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Natsuno, T. (2005). i-Mode Strategy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Shin, J. C., Postiglione, G. A., and Huang, F. eds. (2015). Mass Higher Education Development in East Asia: Strategy, Quality, and Challenges. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hernández-Salmerón, M., and Romero-Ávila, D. (2015). “Empirical Results,” in Convergence in Output and Its Sources Among Industrialised Countries: A Cross-Country Time-Series Perspective SpringerBriefs in Economics., ed. D. Romero-Ávila (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 25–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017). Physicists Take Particle Accelerator On 5,000-Kilometer Trip To Understand The Nature Of Muons. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Financial Market Preparedness: Improvements Made, but More Action Needed to Prepare for Wide-Scale Disasters. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren, J. S. (2012). Trust in immediate supervisor, trust in top management, organizational trust precursors: Predictors of organizational effectiveness.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2007). Falafel, Panini Style. New York Times, NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Canup, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Canup, 2005; Yu and Duan, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yu and Duan, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Pertz et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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