How to format your references using the Intelligent Buildings International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intelligent Buildings International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lorenz, Ralph. 2003. “Planetary Science. The Glitter of Distant Seas.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5644): 403–404.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ward, William R., and Robin M. Canup. 2006. “Forced Resonant Migration of Pluto’s Outer Satellites by Charon.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5790): 1107–1109.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ellwood, Michael J., Martin Wille, and William Maher. 2010. “Glacial Silicic Acid Concentrations in the Southern Ocean.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6007): 1088–1091.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ansorge, Mark S., Mingming Zhou, Alena Lira, René Hen, and Jay A. Gingrich. 2004. “Early-Life Blockade of the 5-HT Transporter Alters Emotional Behavior in Adult Mice.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5697): 879–881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bâzu, Marius, and Titu Băjenescu. 2011. Failure Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Eppstein, David, and Emden R. Gansner, eds. 2010. Graph Drawing: 17th International Symposium, GD 2009, Chicago, IL, USA, September 22-25, 2009. Revised Papers. Vol. 5849. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dea, Carl, Mark Heckler, Gerrit Grunwald, José Pereda, and Sean M. Phillips. 2014. “Graphics with JavaFX.” In JavaFX 8: Introduction by Example, edited by Mark Heckler, Gerrit Grunwald, José Pereda, and Sean M. Phillips, 123–150. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intelligent Buildings International.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Triple Rescue: Baby Ostriches Comfort Baby Elephant As He’s Airlifted.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Preliminary Results of Work on FAA Facility Conditions and Workplace Safety. GAO-13-509R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watterson, Tom. 2012. “Changes in Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Social Support for Middle School Students Using the AFIT App as a Supplement to Instruction in a Physical Education Class.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, James C., Jr. 2017. “City Will Pay $4 Million in N.B.A. Player’s Arrest.” New York Times, April 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lorenz 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Lorenz 2003; Ward and Canup 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ward and Canup 2006)
  • Three authors: (Ellwood, Wille, and Maher 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ansorge et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleIntelligent Buildings International
AbbreviationIntell. Build. Int.
ISSN (print)1750-8975
ISSN (online)1756-6932
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Building and Construction

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