How to format your references using the Intelligent Buildings International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intelligent Buildings International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sagarin, R. 2001. “False Estimates of the Advance of Spring.” Nature 414 (6864): 600.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haiser, Henry J., and Peter J. Turnbaugh. 2012. “Is It Time for a Metagenomic Basis of Therapeutics?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6086): 1253–1255.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Hohjai, Yuan-Chung Cheng, and Graham R. Fleming. 2007. “Coherence Dynamics in Photosynthesis: Protein Protection of Excitonic Coherence.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5830): 1462–1465.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tang, Jingjing, Hiromu Yoshida, Zhengrong Ding, Zexin Tao, Jie Zhang, Bingjun Tian, Zhixian Zhao, and Lifen Zhang. 2014. “Molecular Epidemiology and Recombination of Human Enteroviruses from AFP Surveillance in Yunnan, China from 2006 to 2010.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biegelman, Martin T., and Daniel R. Biegelman. 2010. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Compliance Guidebook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Favali, Paolo. 2015. SEAFLOOR OBSERVATORIES: A New Vision of the Earth from the Abyss. Edited by Laura Beranzoli and Angelo De Santis. 1st ed. 2015. Springer Praxis Books. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hense, B. A., C. Kuttler, and J. Müller. 2015. “Functionality of Autoinducer Systems in Complex Environments.” In The Physical Basis of Bacterial Quorum Communication, edited by Stephen J. Hagen, 83–103. Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intelligent Buildings International.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2015. “What Causes This Bizarre ‘Hair Ice’?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Market Research: Better Documentation Needed to Inform Future Procurements at Selected Agencies. GAO-15-8. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farooq, Aamir Steven. 2012. “Singing the Blues: Indicators of Mental Illness among Nursing Home Elderly.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2016. “Dodgers Rally, Then Call Upon Their Ace in 9th to Advance.” New York Times, October 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sagarin 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Sagarin 2001; Haiser and Turnbaugh 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haiser and Turnbaugh 2012)
  • Three authors: (Lee, Cheng, and Fleming 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Tang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIntelligent Buildings International
AbbreviationIntell. Build. Int.
ISSN (print)1750-8975
ISSN (online)1756-6932
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Building and Construction

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