How to format your references using the Intelligent Buildings International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intelligent Buildings International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scott, Andrew R. 2014. “Stem Cells: Creating a Cure-All.” Nature 515 (7526): S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaufman, Joan, and Jun Jing. 2002. “China and AIDS--the Time to Act Is Now.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5577): 2339–2340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hernández, José V., Euan R. Kay, and David A. Leigh. 2004. “A Reversible Synthetic Rotary Molecular Motor.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5701): 1532–1537.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Müller, M. M., P. Malinowski, T. Gruber, and S. A. Hillyard. 2003. “Sustained Division of the Attentional Spotlight.” Nature 424 (6946): 309–312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bagdonavičius, Vilijandas, Kruopis Julius, and Mikhail S. Nikulin. 2011. Non-Parametric Tests for Complete Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shaikh, Faisal Karim, Bhawani Shankar Chowdhry, Habib M. Ammari, Muhammad Aslam Uqaili, and Assadullah Shah, eds. 2013. Wireless Sensor Networks for Developing Countries: First International Conference, WSN4DC, Jamshoro, Pakistan, April 24-26, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 366. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Powell, Arthur B., Inger Christin Borge, Gema Inés Fioriti, Margo Kondratieva, Elena Koublanova, and Neela Sukthankar. 2009. “Challenging Tasks and Mathematics Learning.” In Challenging Mathematics In and Beyond the Classroom: The 16th ICMI Study, edited by Peter J. Taylor and Edward J. Barbeau, 133–170. New ICMI Study Series. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intelligent Buildings International.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Yellowstone’s Old Faithful Geyser Is Currently Erupting Snow.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Unmanned Aerial Systems: Efforts Made toward Integration into the National Airspace Continue, but Many Actions Still Required. GAO-15-254T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maloney, Jennifer L. 2015. “Analyzing Students’ Personal Characteristics to Determine Study Outcomes.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik, John F. 2016. “Trading Stocks for Bonds Poses Its Own Risks.” New York Times, August 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scott 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Scott 2014; Kaufman and Jing 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaufman and Jing 2002)
  • Three authors: (Hernández, Kay, and Leigh 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Müller et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleIntelligent Buildings International
AbbreviationIntell. Build. Int.
ISSN (print)1750-8975
ISSN (online)1756-6932
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Building and Construction

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