How to format your references using the Intelligent Buildings International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intelligent Buildings International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Croce, Roberta. 2015. “Structural Biology. A Close View of Photosystem I.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6238): 970–971.
A journal article with 2 authors
Iyer, Shrivats M., and Scott L. Delp. 2014. “Neuroscience. Optogenetic Regeneration.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6179): 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gilg, Olivier, Ilkka Hanski, and Benoît Sittler. 2003. “Cyclic Dynamics in a Simple Vertebrate Predator-Prey Community.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5646): 866–868.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gao, Zhi-Da, Yuyao Han, Yongmei Wang, Jingwen Xu, and Yan-Yan Song. 2013. “One-Step to Prepare Self-Organized Nanoporous NiO/TiO2 Layers and Its Use in Non-Enzymatic Glucose Sensing.” Scientific Reports 3 (November): 3323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levene, Mark. 2010. An Introduction to Search Engines and Web Navigation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schneider, Klaus, and Jens Brandt, eds. 2007. Theorem Proving in Higher Order Logics: 20th International Conference, TPHOLs 2007, Kaiserslautern, Germany, September 10-13, 2007. Proceedings. Vol. 4732. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Qiao, Yuansong, Enda Fallon, Liam Murphy, John Murphy, Austin Hanley, Xiaosong Zhu, Adrian Matthews, Eoghan Conway, and Gregory Hayes. 2007. “SCTP Performance Issue on Path Delay Differential.” In Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 5th International Conference, WWIC 2007, Coimbra, Portugal, May 23-25, 2007. Proceedings, edited by Fernando Boavida, Edmundo Monteiro, Saverio Mascolo, and Yevgeni Koucheryavy, 43–54. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intelligent Buildings International.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “Blue Origin Successfully Tests Crew Escape System In Major Step Towards Flying Space Tourists.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Federal Programs for Education of the Handicapped: Issues and Problems. B-164031(1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kapatsinski, Vsevolod. 2009. “The Architecture of Grammar in Artificial Grammar Learning: Formal Biases in the Acquisition of Morphophonology and the Nature of the Learning Task.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary. 2012. “Armstrong Aide Talks of Doping And Price Paid.” New York Times, October 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Croce 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Croce 2015; Iyer and Delp 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Iyer and Delp 2014)
  • Three authors: (Gilg, Hanski, and Sittler 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleIntelligent Buildings International
AbbreviationIntell. Build. Int.
ISSN (print)1750-8975
ISSN (online)1756-6932
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Building and Construction

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