How to format your references using the Intelligent Buildings International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intelligent Buildings International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kim, Jaeyoun. 2014. “Absorption-Assisted Mode Transformation in Butterfly Compound Eyes.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Melbourne, Brett A., and Alan Hastings. 2008. “Extinction Risk Depends Strongly on Factors Contributing to Stochasticity.” Nature 454 (7200): 100–103.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yi, Chuixiang, Suhua Wei, and George Hendrey. 2014. “Warming Climate Extends Dryness-Controlled Areas of Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5472.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cordier, Patrick, Tamás Ungár, Lehel Zsoldos, and Géza Tichy. 2004. “Dislocation Creep in MgSiO3 Perovskite at Conditions of the Earth’s Uppermost Lower Mantle.” Nature 428 (6985): 837–840.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waigh, Thomas Andrew. 2014. The Physics of Living Processes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Grass, Dieter. 2008. Optimal Control of Nonlinear Processes: With Applications in Drugs, Corruption, and Terror. Edited by Jonathan P. Caulkins, Gustav Feichtinger, Gernot Tragler, and Doris A. Behrens. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tamás, Csapó, and Lenner Tibor. 2016. “Horizontal Homogeneity and Vertical Heterogeneity of Building Up in Budapest.” In Settlement Morphology of Budapest, edited by Lenner Tibor, 67–71. Springer Geography. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intelligent Buildings International.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “A Version Of The EmDrive Is Apparently Being Sent To Space.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Continued Use of Costly, Outmoded Computers in Federal Agencies Can Be Avoided. AFMD-81-9. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farrell, Dale Patrick. 2017. “Teachers’ Perceptions of How the Use of Peer Evaluation Could Improve Their Teaching Practice.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson, James. 2017. “Being and Gnarliness.” New York Times, August 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kim 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kim 2014; Melbourne and Hastings 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Melbourne and Hastings 2008)
  • Three authors: (Yi, Wei, and Hendrey 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Cordier et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleIntelligent Buildings International
AbbreviationIntell. Build. Int.
ISSN (print)1750-8975
ISSN (online)1756-6932
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Building and Construction

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