How to format your references using the Intelligent Buildings International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intelligent Buildings International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hittinger, Chris Todd. 2012. “Evolution. Endless Rots Most Beautiful.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6089): 1649–1650.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burch, C. L., and L. Chao. 2000. “Evolvability of an RNA Virus Is Determined by Its Mutational Neighbourhood.” Nature 406 (6796): 625–628.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hatano, T., M. Stopa, and S. Tarucha. 2005. “Single-Electron Delocalization in Hybrid Vertical-Lateral Double Quantum Dots.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5732): 268–271.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
van der Wal, C. H., M. D. Eisaman, A. André, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin. 2003. “Atomic Memory for Correlated Photon States.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5630): 196–200.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Natsuno, Takeshi. 2005. I-Mode Strategy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bertolotto, Michela, Cyril Ray, and Xiang Li, eds. 2008. Web and Wireless Geographical Information Systems: 8th International Symposium, W2GIS 2008, Shanghai, China, December 11-12, 2008. Proceedings. Vol. 5373. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun, Qi. 2015. “In-Situ Urbanization in Tourism-Oriented Towns in China’s Southwest Mountainous Area: A Case Study of Yongxin Town.” In Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate, edited by Liyin Shen, Kunhui Ye, and Chao Mao, 37–46. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intelligent Buildings International.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Children with Good Memories Are Better Liars, Research Suggests.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Amtrak: Deteriorated Financial and Operating Conditions. T-RCED-95-90. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manzanares, Michelle Erin. 2012. “Effect of a Preoperative Multidisciplinary Education Program on Weight Management after Bariatric Surgery.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. 2002. “Onyekwe Is Penn’s Stoic Scorer.” New York Times, December 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hittinger 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hittinger 2012; Burch and Chao 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burch and Chao 2000)
  • Three authors: (Hatano, Stopa, and Tarucha 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (van der Wal et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleIntelligent Buildings International
AbbreviationIntell. Build. Int.
ISSN (print)1750-8975
ISSN (online)1756-6932
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Building and Construction

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